Online Dictionary

About the ears Explained

About the ears at English => English (Websters 1913) Of Explained:

VIA JUDICIALIA. Subsidiary process issued pending a suit, or process
issued in execution of the judgment. They varied, says the author of Fleta,
according to the variety of the pleadings of the parties and of their
responses. Lib. 2. c. 13, Sec. 3; Co. Lit. 73 b, 54 b. Many of them,
however, long since became fixed in their forms, beyond the power of the
courts to alter them, unless authorized to do so by the legislature. See 1
Rawle, Rep. 52; Act of Pennsylvania, June. 16, 1836, Sec. 3, 4, 5.BREVIA MAGISTRALIA. These were writs formed by the masters in chancery,
pursuant to the stat. West. 2, c. 24. They vary according to the diversity
of cases and complaints, of which, says the author of Fleta, some are
personal, some real, some mixed, according as actions are diverse or
various, because so many will be the forms of writs as there are kinds of
actions. Fleta, lib. 2, c. 13, Sec. 4; Co. Lit. 73 b, 54 b.BREVIARIUM. The name of a code of laws of Alaric II., king of the Visigoths.BREVIBUS ET ROTULIS LIBERANDIS, Eng. law. A writ or mandate directed to a
sheriff, commanding him to deliver to his successor the county and the
appurtenances, with all the briefs, rolls, remembrances, and all other
things belonging to his office.BRIBE, crim. law. The gift or promise, which is accepted, of some advantage,
as the inducement for some illegal act or omission; or of some illegal
emolument, as a consideration, for preferring one person to another, in the
performance of a legal act.BRIBERY, crim. law. The receiving or offering any undue reward by or to any
person whomsoever, whose ordinary profession or business relates to the
administration of public justice, in order to influence his behaviour in
office, and to incline him to act contrary to his duty and the known rules
of honesty and integrity. 3 Inst. 149; 1 Hawk. P. C. 67, s. 2 4 Bl. Com.
139; 1 Russ. Cr. 156.
2. The term bribery extends now further, and includes the offence of
giving a bribe to many other officers. The offence of the giver and of the
receiver of the bribe has the same name. For the sake of distinction, that
of the former, viz : the briber, might be properly denominated active.
bribery; while that of the latter, viz : the person bribed, might be called
passive bribery.
3. Bribery at elections for members of parliament, has always been a
crime at common law, and punishable by indictment or information. It still
remains so in England notwithstanding the stat. 24 Geo. H. c. 14 3 Burr.
1340, 1589. To constitute the offence, it is not necessary that the person
bribed should, in fact, vote as solicited to do 3 Burr. 1236; or even that
he should have a right to vote at all both are entirely immaterial. 3 Bur.
1590-1.
4. An attempt to bribe, though unsuccessful, has been holden to be
criminal, and the offender may be indicted. 2 Dall. 384; 4 Burr. 2500 3
Inst. 147; 2 Campb. R. 229; 2 Wash. 88; 1 Virg. Cas. 138; 2 Virg. Cas. 460.BRIBOUR. One that pilfers other men's goods; a thief. See 28 E. II., c. 1.BRIDGE. A building constructed over a river, creek, or other stream, or
ditch or other place, in order to facilitate the passage over the same. 3
Harr. 108.
2. Bridges are of several kinds, public and private. Public bridges may
be divided into, 1st. Those which belong to the public; as state, county, or
township bridges, over which all the people have a right to pass, with or
without paying toll these are built by public authority at the public
expense, either of the state itself, or a district or part of the state.
3. - 2d. Those which have been built by companies, or at the expense of
private individuals, and over Which all the people have a right to pass, on
the payment of a toll fixed by law. 3d. Those which have been built by
private individuals and which have been dedicated to public uses. 2 East, R.
356; 5 Burr. R. 2594; 2 Bl. R. 685 1 Camp. R. 262, n.; 2 M. & S. 262.
4. A private bridge is one erected for the use of one or more private
persons; such a bridge will not be considered a public bridge, although it
may be occasionally used by the public. 12 East, R. 203-4. Vide 7 Pick. R.
844; 11 Pet. R. 539; 7 N. H. Rcp. 59; 1 Pick. R. 432; 4 John. Ch. R. 150.BRIEF, eccl. law. The name of a kind of papal rescript. Briefs are writings
sealed with wax, and differ in this respect from bulls, (q. v.) which are
scaled with lead. They are so called, because they usually are short
compendious writings. Ayl. Parerg. 132. See Breve.

BRIEF, practice. An abridged statement of a party's case.
2. It should contain : 1st. A statement of the names of the parties,
and of their residence and occupation, the character in which they sue and
are sued, and wherefore they prosecute or resist the action. 2d. An
abridgment of all the pleadings. 3d. A regular, chronological, and
methodical statement of the facts in plain common language. 4th. A summary
of the points or questions in issue, and of