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Antony, Mark Explained

Antony, Mark at English => English (The Britannica Concise) Of Explained:

Roman general. After military service (57-54), he joined the staff of his relative Julius Caesar. He helped Caesar drive Pompey from Italy in 49, and in 44 was made co-consul. After Caesar's assassination, Octavian (later Augustus) initially opposed Antony, but later formed the Second Triumvirate with Antony and Lepidus. Antony helped defeat republican forces at Philippi and took control of Rome's E provinces. On a mission to Egypt to question Cleopatra about her loyalty, he became her lover (41-40). He returned to Italy in 40 to settle differences with Octavian, whereupon he received command of the E provinces. To strengthen his position, he agreed to marry Octavian's sister Octavia. When relations with Octavian again collapsed, he headed for Syria and sent for Cleopatra for aid. Octavian sent Octavia to him, and when Antony ordered her back to Rome a fatal breach opened. The triumvirate ended in 32, leaving Antony little support in Rome. He divorced Octavia, and Octavian declared war on Cleopatra. Antony lost the Battle of Actium, and he and Cleopatra fled to Egypt pursued by Octavian. When resistance became futile, they committed suicide.