Blaine, James G(illespie) at English => English (The Britannica Concise) Of Explained:
U.S. politician and diplomat. Born in W. Brownsville, Pa., he moved to Maine in 1854 to become editor of the Kennebec Journal, a crusading Republican newspaper. He served in the U.S. House of Representatives 1863-76, becoming speaker in 1868. An advocate for a moderate Republican Party, he opposed the party radicals led by R. Conkling. He served in the U.S. Senate 1876-81. As secretary of state in 1881 he took the first steps toward securing U.S. control of the eventual route of the Panama Canal. He was the Republican presidential nominee in 1884 but lost narrowly to G. Cleveland. He again served as secretary of state (1889-92) and chaired the first Pan-American Conference.