Blanton, Jimmy at English => English (The Britannica Concise) Of Explained:
U.S. musician whose revolutionary technique changed jazz bass playing and became the major influence on subsequent bassists. Born in Chattanooga, Tenn., Blanton joined D. Ellington's orchestra in 1939. His buoyant rhythmic approach and harmonic subtlety provided a supple, relaxed sense of swing for the band. His unprecedented dexterity, tone, and intonation enabled him to execute a melodic conception of the role of the bass in jazz, demonstrated on recordings made with Ellington such as "Jack the Bear" and "Pitter Panther Patter." He died of tuberculosis at age 23.