Online Dictionary

Brahman Explained

Brahman at English => English (Longman) Of Explained:

[C] [Date: 1700-1800; Language: Sanskrit; Origin: brahmana 'of prayer', from brahman 'prayer']// someone of the highest rank in the Hindu faith//

Brahman at English => English (The Britannica Concise) Of Explained:

In the Upanishads, the eternal, infinite, and omnipresent spiritual source of the finite and changing universe. The schools of Vedanta differ in interpreting Brahman. The Advaita school defines Brahman as categorically different from any phenomenon, conceiving it as an absolute reality onto which human perceptions of differentiation are projected. The Bhedabheda school maintains that Brahman is not different from the world it produces. The Visistadvaita school holds that phenomenality is a glorious manifestation of Brahman. The Dvaita school maintains that both soul and matter are separate from and dependent on Brahman.

Any of several varieties of cattle that originated in India and were crossbred in the U.S. with improved beef breeds, producing the hardy beef animal known as the Santa Gertrudis. Similar blending in Latin America resulted in the breed known as Indo-Brazil. The Brahman is characterized by a pronounced hump over the shoulder and neck, horns that usually curve up and back, and drooping ears. Gray is the prevalent color, with deep shading in the fore and rear quarters of the bull. A red strain has also been developed.

In the Upanishads, the eternal, infinite, and omnipresent spiritual source of the finite and changing universe. The schools of Vedanta differ in interpreting Brahman. The Advaita school defines Brahman as categorically different from any phenomenon, conceiving it as an absolute reality onto which human perceptions of differentiation are projected. The Bhedabheda school maintains that Brahman is not different from the world it produces. The Visistadvaita school holds that phenomenality is a glorious manifestation of Brahman. The Dvaita school maintains that both soul and matter are separate from and dependent on Brahman.

Any of several varieties of cattle that originated in India and were crossbred in the U.S. with improved beef breeds, producing the hardy beef animal known as the Santa Gertrudis. Similar blending in Latin America resulted in the breed known as Indo-Brazil. The Brahman is characterized by a pronounced hump over the shoulder and neck, horns that usually curve up and back, and drooping ears. Gray is the prevalent color, with deep shading in the fore and rear quarters of the bull. A red strain has also been developed.

Any member of the highest of the four varnas, or social classes, in Hindu India. Their existence as a priestly caste dates to the late Vedic period, and they have long been considered to be of greater ritual purity than members of other castes and alone to be capable of performing certain religious tasks, incl. preservation of the collections of Vedic hymns. Because of their high prestige and tradition of education, they dominated Indian scholarship for centuries. As the spiritual and intellectual elite, they advised the politically powerful warrior caste, and after Indian independence they supplied many heads of state. They still retain traditional privileges, though these are no longer legally sanctioned. Ritual purity is maintained through taboos, vegetarianism, and abstention from certain occupations.

Brahman at English => English (Moby Thesaurus II) Of Explained:

55 Moby Thesaurus words for "Brahman":
Buddhist, Christian, Ramwat, anthroposophist, archduke, aristocrat,
armiger, bairagi, baron, baronet, bashara, bhikhari, bhikshu,
blue blood, count, daimio, duke, earl, esquire, gentleman,
grand duke, grandee, guru, hidalgo, lace-curtain, laird, landgrave,
lord, lordling, magnate, magnifico, margrave, marquis, noble,
nobleman, optimate, palsgrave, patrician, peer, pujari, pundit,
purohit, sannyasi, seigneur, seignior, silk-stocking, squire,
swell, thoroughbred, upper-cruster, vairagi, viscount, waldgrave,
yogi, yogin

Brahman at English => English (Oxford Advanced Learners) Of Explained:

noun
(also Brahmin ) a Hindu who belongs to the highest CASTE (= division of society), in which all the members are priests

Brahman at English => English (Websters 1913) Of Explained:

Brahman \Brah"man\, Brahmin \Brah"min\, n.; pl. {Brahmans},
{Brahmins}. [Skr. Br[=a]hmana (cf. Brahman worship, holiness;
the God Brahma, also Brahman): cf. F. Brahmane, Brachmane,
Bramine, L. Brachmanae, -manes, -mani, pl., Gr. ?, pl.]
A person of the highest or sacerdotal caste among the
Hindoos.

{Brahman bull} (Zo["o]l.), the male of a variety of the zebu,
or Indian ox, considered sacred by the Hindoos.

brahman at English => English (WordNet) Of Explained:

brahman
n 1: a member of a social and cultural elite (especially a
descendant of an old New England family); "a Boston
Brahman" [syn: {brahmin}]
2: a member of the highest of the four Hindu varnas;
"originally all brahmans were priests" [syn: {brahmin}]
3: the highest of the four varnas: the priestly or sacerdotal
category [syn: {brahmin}]
4: any of several breeds of Indian cattle; especially a large
American heat and tick resistant grayish humped breed
evolved in the Gulf States by interbreeding Indian cattle
and now used chiefly for crossbreeding [syn: {Brahma}, {Brahmin},
{Bos indicus}]

brahman at Sanskrit => English (Monier-Williams) Of Explained:

brahman

1[ br'ahman ] n. ( lit. ` growth ' , ` expansion ' , ` evolution ' , `
development ' ` swelling of the spirit or soul ' , fr. √ 2. [ bRh ] )
pious effusion or utterance , outpouring of the heart in worshipping
the gods , prayer cf. RV. cf. AV. cf. VS. cf. TS.

---> the sacred word ( as opp. to [ vAc ] , the word of man ) , the
Veda , a sacred text , a text or Mantra used as a spell ( forming a
distinct class from the [ Rcas ] , [ sAmAni ] and [ yajUMSi ]

---> cf. [ brahma-veda ] ) cf. RV. cf. AV. cf. Br. cf. Mn. cf. Pur.

---> the Brāhmaṇa portion of the Veda cf. Mn. iv , 100

---> the sacred syllable Om cf. Prab. , Sch. , ( cf. Mn. ii , 83 )

---> religious or spiritual knowledge ( opp. to religious observances
and bodily mortification such as [ tapas ] &c. )
cf. AV. cf. Br. cf. Mn. cf. R.

---> holy life ( esp. continence , chastity

---> cf. [ brahma-carya ] ) cf. Śak. i , 24/25 cf. Śaṃk. cf. Sarvad

---> ( exceptionally treated as m. ) the Brahm˘a or one selfexistent
impersonal Spirit , the one universal Soul ( or one divine essence and
source from which all created things emanate or with which they are
identified and to which they return ) , the Self-existent , the
Absolute , the Eternal ( not generally an object of worship but rather
of meditation and-knowledge [ 738 , 1 ]

---> also with [ jy'eSTha ] , [ prathama-j'a ] , [ svay'om-bhu ] , [
a-mUrta ] , [ para ] , [ paratara ] , [ parama ] , [ mahat ] , [
sanAtana ] , [ zAzvata ]

---> and = [ param^atman ] , [ Atman ] , [ adhyAtma ] , [ pradhAna ] ,
[ kSetra-jJa ] , [ tattva ] ) cf. AV. cf. ŚBr. cf. Mn. cf. MBh. &c. (
cf. IW. 9 , 83 &c , )

---> n. the class of men who are the repositories and communicators of
sacred knowledge , the Brāhmanical caste as a body ( rarely an
individual Brāhman ) cf. AV. cf. TS. cf. VS. cf. ŚBr. cf. Mn. cf. BhP.

---> food cf. Naigh. ii , 7

---> wealth cf. ib. 10

---> final emancipation cf. L.

---> m. ( [ brahm'an ] ) , one who Prays , a devote or religious man ,
a Brāhman who is a knower of Vedic texts or spells , one versed in
sacred knowledge cf. RV. &c. [ cf. Lat. , [ flāmen ] ]

---> N. of Bṛhas-pati ( as the priest of the gods ) cf. RV. x , 141 ,
3

---> one of the 4 principal priests or Ṛtvijas ( the other three being
the Hotṛ , Adhvaryu and Udgātṛ

---> the Brahman was the most learned of them and was required to know
the 3 Vedas , to supervise the , sacrifice and to set right mistakes

---> at a later period his functions were based especially on the
Atharva-veda ) cf. RV. &c.

---> Brahmā or the one impersonal universal Spirit manifested as a
personal Creator and as the first of the triad of personal gods ( = [
prajA-pati ] , q.v.

---> he never appears to have become an object of general worship ,
though he has two temples in India , See cf. RTL. 555 &c.

---> his wife is Sarasvatī cf. ib. 48 ) cf. TBr. &c. &c ,

---> = [ brahmaNa AyuH ] , a lifetime of Brahmā cf. Pañcar.

---> an inhabitant of Brahmā's heaven cf. Jātakam

---> the sun cf. L.

---> N. of Śiva cf. Prab. cf. Sch.

---> the Veda ( ? ) cf. PārGṛ.

---> the intellect ( = [ buddhi ] ) cf. Tattvas

---> N. of a star , ? Aurigae , Sūryat

---> a partic. astron. Yoga cf. L.

---> N. of the 9th Muhūrta cf. L.

---> ( with Jainas ) a partic. Kalpa cf. Dharmaś

---> N. of the servant of the 10th Arhat of the present Avasarpiṇi
cf. L.

---> of a magician cf. Rājat

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brahman at English (WD) Of Explained:

Inter: also » brahmán

English

Alternative forms

* brāhman

Noun

Inter: en-nou » n
  • A member of the first of the four castes of Hinduism, a sacerdotal class.

    Translations

    Inter: trans-top » member of the first of the four castes of Hinduism
    • French: Inter: t+ » fr|brahmane|m


    Inter: trans-mi » d
  • Spanish: Inter: t- » es|brahmán

  • Inter: trans-botto » m
    Category: Category:en:Hinduism -

    Finnish

    Noun

    Inter: head » fi|noun form
  • Inter: fi-form of » type=noun|case=genitive|pl=singular|brahma

  • Translation: et » brahman
    Translation: fr » brahman
    Translation: ko » brahman
    Translation: io » brahman
    Translation: ku » brahman
    Translation: pl » brahman
    Translation: ru » brahman
    Translation: ta » brahman
    Translation: te » brahman
    Translation: vi » brahman

    Brahman at English (WD) Of Explained:

    ==English==
    Inter: wikipedi » a

    Alternative forms

    * Brāhman

    Etymology

    From Inter: etyl » sa Inter: term » sc=Deva|ब्रह्मन्|tr=bráhman|lang=sa, from verbal root Inter: term » sc=unicode||√bṛh|to swell, grow, enlarge.

    Proper noun

    Inter: en-proper nou » n
  • Inter: Hinduis » m A concept of Hinduism. Brahman is the unchanging, infinite, immanent, and transcendent reality which is the Divine Ground of all matter, energy, time, space, being, and everything beyond in this Universe. The nature of Brahman is described as transpersonal, personal and impersonal by different philosophical schools.
    1. Inter: date » d a Brahmin
    2. "At this, Virāṭa was enraged and said to Yudhiṣṭhira, 'O Brāhman, you speak as though my son and this eunuch are equals.'" (Mahābhārata: "Virāṭa Parva")

      Synonyms

      * Brahma, Brahmin, Brahmana

      Derived terms

      * Brahmanic

  • Brahmanical
  • Brahmanism
  • Brahmin
  • Brahmaputra

    Translations

    Inter: trans-top » concept of Hinduism
  • Inter: trreq » as
  • Bengali: Inter: t- » bn|ব্রাহ্মণ|sc=Beng
  • Chinese:
  • : Mandarin: Inter: t » cmn|婆羅門|sc=Hani, Inter: t » cmn|婆罗门|tr=póluómén|sc=Hani, Inter: t- » cmn|梵|tr=fàn|sc=Hani
  • Finnish: Inter: t- » fi|brahma
  • Inter: trreq » gu
  • Hindi: Inter: t- » hi|ब्राह्मण|m|tr=brāhmaṇ
  • Japanese: Inter: t- » ja|ブラフマン|tr=burafuman
  • Inter: trreq » kn

  • Inter: trans-mi » d
    • Korean: Inter: t- » ko|브라만|tr=beuraman|sc=Hang
    • Inter: trreq » mr
    • Inter: trreq » or
    • Persian: Inter: t+ » fa|برهمن|tr=brahman
    • Inter: trreq » pa
    • Russian: Inter: t+ » ru|брахман|m|tr=braxmán
    • Telugu: బ్రాహ్మణుడు (braahmaNuDu)
    • Urdu: Inter: t- » ur|براہمن|m|tr=brāhmaṇ


    Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-see » Brahmin
    Inter: checktrans-to » p
    • Inter: ttbc » ka: Inter: t- » ka|ბრაჰმანი|tr=brahmani|sc=Geor
    • Inter: ttbc » he: Inter: t- » he|ברהמן
    • Inter: ttbc » hi: Inter: t- » hi|ब्रह्म
    • Inter: ttbc » is: Inter: t- » is|Bramíni
    • Inter: ttbc » lt: Inter: t- » lt|Brahmanas
    • Inter: ttbc » ml: Inter: t+ » ml|ബ്രഹ്മം|tr=kriya|sc=Mlym
    • Inter: ttbc » pt: Inter: t- » pt|brâman|m
    • Inter: ttbc » sa: Inter: t- » sa|ब्रह्मन्|tr=bráhman|sc=Deva
    • Inter: ttbc » ta: Inter: t- » ta|பிரம்மம்|tr=pirammam, Inter: t- » ta|பிரமம்|tr=piramam


    Inter: trans-botto » m
    Category: Category:en:Hinduism -
    Category: Category:en:God -
    Category: Category:en:Gods -
    Translation: et » Brahman
    Translation: io » Brahman
    Translation: sv » Brahman
    Translation: tr » Brahman