Online Dictionary

Buddhism Explained

buddhism at CMU American English spelling Of Explained:

['bu:dızəm]

Buddhism at English => English (Longman) Of Explained:

n [U] a religion of east and central Asia, based on the teaching of Gautama Buddha// -- Buddhist n [C] // -- Buddhist adj //

Buddhism at English => English (The Britannica Concise) Of Explained:

Religion and philosophy founded in NE India in the 5th cent. BC based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama, called the Buddha. One of the major world religions, Buddhism takes as its goal the escape from suffering and the cycle of rebirth and the attainment of nirvana, and it emphasizes meditation and the observance of moral precepts. The Buddha's teachings were transmitted orally by his disciples; during his lifetime he established the Buddhist monastic order (sangha). He adopted some ideas from the Hinduism of his time, notably the doctrine of karma, but also rejected many of its doctrines and all of its gods. Buddhism's main teachings are summarized in the Four Noble Truths, of which the fourth is the Eightfold Path. Buddhism's two major branches, Mahayana and Theravada, have developed distinctive practices. In India, the emperor Ashoka promoted Buddhism during the 3rd cent. BC, but it declined in succeeding centuries and was nearly extinct there by the 13th cent. It spread south and flourished in Sri Lanka and S.E. Asia, as well as moving through Central Asia and Tibet (see Tibetan Buddhism) to China, Korea, and Japan (see Pure Land Buddhism and Zen). Today the various traditions of Buddhism together have about 400 million followers.

Buddhism at English => English (Oxford Advanced Learners) Of Explained:

noun
[U] an Asian religion based on the teaching of Gautama Siddhartha (or Buddha)
Buddhist noun:
a devout Buddhist
Buddhist adjective [usually before noun]:
a Buddhist monk / temple

Buddhism at English => English (Websters 1913) Of Explained:

Buddhism \Bud"dhism\, n.
The religion based upon the doctrine originally taught by the
Hindoo sage Gautama Siddartha, surnamed Buddha, ``the
awakened or enlightened,'' in the sixth century b. c., and
adopted as a religion by the greater part of the inhabitants
of Central and Eastern Asia and the Indian Islands. Buddha's
teaching is believed to have been atheistic; yet it was
characterized by elevated humanity and morality. It presents
release from existence (a beatific enfranchisement,
Nirv[^a]na) as the greatest good. Buddhists believe in
transmigration of souls through all phases and forms of life.
Their number was estimated in 1881 at 470,000,000.

Buddhism at English => English (WordNet) Of Explained:

Buddhism
n 1: a religion represented by the many groups (especially in
Asia) that profess various forms of the Buddhist
doctrine and that venerate Buddha
2: the teaching of Buddha that life is permeated with suffering
caused by desire, that suffering ceases when desire
ceases, and that enlightenment obtained through right
conduct and wisdom and meditation releases one from desire
and suffering and rebirth

Buddhism at English (WD) Of Explained:

==English==
Inter: wikipedi » a

Etymology

* Buddha+-ism

Pronunciation

* Inter: IPA » /ˈbu.dɪ.zəm/, Inter: X-SAMPA » /"bu.dI.z@m/

Noun

Inter: en-nou » n
  • The religion and philosophy founded by the Indian teacher Category: w - :Gautama Buddha|Gautama Buddha

    Derived terms

    * Hinayana Buddhism
    • Mahayana Buddhism
    • Theravada Buddhism
    • Vajrayana Buddhism
    • Won Buddhism
    • Zen Buddhism

      Related terms

      * Buddha
    • Buddhist

      Translations

      Inter: trans-top » religion and philosophy
    • Albanian: Inter: t+ » sq|budizëm|m
    • Arabic: Inter: t- » ar|بوذية|f|tr=buudhíyya|sc=Arab
    • Armenian: Inter: t- » hy|բուդդայականություն|tr=buddayakanut’yun, Inter: t- » hy|բուդդիզմ|tr=buddizm
    • Bengali: Inter: t- » bn|বৌদ্ধ ধর্ম|tr=bouddhô dhôrmô|sc=Beng
    • Bulgarian: Inter: t- » bg|будизъм|m|tr=budízăm
    • Burmese: Inter: t+ » my|ဗုဒ္ဓဘာသာ|tr=bouʔda̰ bàðà|sc=Mymr
    • Chinese:
    • : Mandarin: Inter: t- » cmn|佛教|tr=Fójiào|sc=Hani
    • : Min Nan: Inter: t+ » nan|佛教|tr=Hu̍t-kàu|sc=Hans
    • Czech: Inter: t+ » cs|buddhismus|m
    • Danish: Inter: t- » da|buddhisme|c
    • Dutch: boeddhisme {{n}}
    • Esperanto: budhismo
    • Finnish: budhalaisuus, buddhalaisuus
    • French: Inter: t+ » fr|bouddhisme|m
    • German: Inter: t+ » de|Buddhismus|m
    • Greek: Inter: t+ » el|βουδισμός|m|tr=voudismós|sc=Grek
    • Hebrew: Inter: t+ » he|בודהיזם|m|tr=budhizm
    • Hindi: Inter: t- » hi|बौद्ध धर्म|m|tr=baud'dha dharm|sc=Deva McGregor, R.S, ed. The Oxford Hindi-English Dictionary, Oxford university press. 1993
    • Hungarian: Inter: t+ » hu|buddhizmus
    • Irish: Inter: t- » ga|Búdachas|m
    • Italian: Inter: t+ » it|buddismo|m


    Inter: trans-mi » d
  • Japanese: Inter: t+ » ja|仏教|tr=ぶっきょう, bukkyō|sc=Jpan
  • Khmer: Inter: t+ » km|ព្រះពុទ្ធសាសនា|tr=Preah PuthaSasnaa, Inter: t- » km|ពុទ្ធនិយម|tr=puth ni yum|sc=Khmr
  • Korean: Inter: t+ » ko|불교|tr=bulgyo|sc=Kore (Inter: t+ » ko|佛敎|sc=Kore)
  • Lao: Inter: t- » lo|ສາດສະໜາພຸດ|tr=saat-sa-naa-phout|sc=Laoo
  • Macedonian: Inter: t- » mk|будизам|m|tr=budízam
  • Maltese: Inter: t- » mt|Buddiżmu
  • Mongolian: Inter: t- » mn|Буддизм|tr=Buddizm|sc=Cyrl
  • Persian: Inter: t- » fa|مذهب بودا|tr=mazhab-e budâ|sc=fa-Arab
  • Polish: Inter: t+ » pl|buddyzm|m
  • Portuguese: Inter: t+ » pt|budismo|m
  • Romanian: Inter: t- » ro|budism|n
  • Russian: Inter: t+ » ru|буддизм|m|tr=buddízm
  • Serbo-Croatian: Inter: t- » sh|budizam|m
  • Slovak: Inter: t- » sk|budhizmus|m
  • Slovene: Inter: t+ » sl|budizem|m
  • Spanish: Inter: t+ » es|budismo|m
  • Swahili: Inter: t- » sw|Ubudha
  • Swedish: Inter: t+ » sv|buddhism|c
  • Thai: Inter: t- » th|ศาสนาพุทธ|tr=sàatsànaa póot
  • Vietnamese: Inter: t+ » vi|phật giáo
  • Volapük: Inter: t+ » vo|bud

  • Inter: trans-botto » m

    References


    Category: Category:English eponyms -
    Category: Category:English nouns ending in "-ism" -
    Category: Category:en:Buddhism -
    Category: Category:en:Religion -
    Category: zh-min-nan:Buddhism -
    Translation: de » Buddhism
    Translation: et » Buddhism
    Translation: fr » Buddhism
    Translation: ko » Buddhism
    Translation: hy » Buddhism
    Translation: io » Buddhism
    Translation: kn » Buddhism
    Translation: kk » Buddhism
    Translation: hu » Buddhism
    Translation: mg » Buddhism
    Translation: my » Buddhism
    Translation: nl » Buddhism
    Translation: no » Buddhism
    Translation: pl » Buddhism
    Category: simple:Buddhism -
    Translation: fi » Buddhism
    Translation: zh » Buddhism

    buddhism at English (WD) Of Explained:

    Inter: also » Buddhism

    Swedish

    Alternative forms

    * buddism

    Etymology

    Inter: suffix » buddha|ism|lang=sv

    Noun

    Inter: sv-noun » g=c
  • Inter: religion » lang=sv Buddhism

    Related terms

    * buddhist
    • buddhistisk


    Translation: fr » buddhism
    Translation: hu » buddhism
    Translation: mg » buddhism
    Translation: pl » buddhism
    Translation: sv » buddhism
    Translation: ta » buddhism
    Translation: vi » buddhism
    Translation: zh » buddhism