Chaikin at English => English (The Britannica Concise) Of Explained:
U.S. stage director, actor, and writer. Born in Brooklyn, N.Y., he joined the Living Theater, winning praise for his performances in Dark of the Moon (1958), The Connection (1959), and Man is Man (1962). In 1963 he founded the Open Theater and became a central figure in experimental theater. His celebrated productions, the results of intense collaboration between writer, director, and actors, included America Hurrah (1966), The Serpent (1969), Terminal (1970), The Mutation Show (1971), and Nightwalk (1973). He later collaborated with S. Shepard on Tongues (1978), Savage/Love (1979), The War in Heaven (1984), and When the World Was Green (1996). In 1977 he received the first lifetime-achievement Obie Award.