Chamberlain, (Arthur) Neville at English => English (The Britannica Concise) Of Explained:
British prime minister (1937-40). Son of J. Chamberlain and half brother of A. Chamberlain, he prospered in the metalworking industry in Birmingham; as the city's lord mayor (1915-16) he organized England's first municipal bank. He served in the House of Commons 1918-40, and served in Conservative governments as minister of health and chancellor of the exchequer. As prime minister (1937-40), he sought to prevent the outbreak of a general European war over A. Hitler's demand that Czechoslovakia cede the Sudetenland to Germany. In 1938 he and France's E. Daladier granted most of Hitler's demands in the Munich Agreement, after which he returned to England a popular hero, speaking of "peace in our time." He repudiated appeasement after Hitler seized the rest of Czechoslovakia, and when Germany attacked Poland, he declared war. He lost the support of many Conservatives after the failure of a British expedition to Norway and resigned in 1940.