Chambers, Robert and William at English => English (The Britannica Concise) Of Explained:
(1802-1871, 1800-1883) Scottish publishers. Robert, who began business as a bookstall keeper in Edinburgh, wrote historical, literary, and geological works. In 1832 the brothers started Chambers's Edinburgh Journal, which led to the establishment of the publishing firm of W. & R. Chambers, Ltd. Their Chambers's Encyclopaedia (1859-68) was based on a translation of the German Konversations-Lexikon. Considered scholarly and reliable on historical subjects, the encyclopedia has gone through several editions, but the lack of a continuous revision system has led to the dating of much of its material.