Chandler, Raymond (Thornton) at English => English (The Britannica Concise) Of Explained:
U.S. writer of detective fiction. Born in Chicago, he worked as an oil-company executive in California before turning to writing in the Depression. Early short stories were followed by screenplays, incl. Double Indemnity (1944), The Blue Dahlia (1946), and Strangers on a Train (1951). His character Philip Marlowe, a hard-boiled private detective working in the Los Angeles underworld, appears in all seven of his novels, incl. The Big Sleep (1939; film, 1946), Farewell, My Lovely (1940; film Murder, My Sweet, 1944), and The Long Good-Bye (1953; film, 1973). Chandler and D. Hammett are regarded as the classic authors of the hard-boiled genre.