Compton, Arthur (Holly) at English => English (The Britannica Concise) Of Explained:
U.S. physicist. Born in Wooster, Ohio, he taught at the Univ. of Chicago 1923-45, and later served as chancellor (1945-54) and professor (1953-61) at Washington Univ. He is best known for his discovery and explanation of the Compton effect, for which he shared with C. T. R. Wilson a 1927 Nobel Prize. He was later instrumental in initiating the Manhattan Project, and directed the development of the first nuclear reactors.