Online Dictionary

Congregationalism Explained

Congregationalism at English => English (Longman) Of Explained:

n [U] a type of Christianity in which each congregation is responsible for making its own decisions// -- Congregational adj // -- Congregationalist n [C] //

Congregationalism at English => English (The Britannica Concise) Of Explained:

Movement that arose among English Protestant Christian churches in the late 16th and early 17th cent. It developed as one branch of Puritanism and emphasized the right and duty of each congregation to govern itself independent of higher human authority. Its greatest influence and numbers were in the U.S., where Puritans first established it at Plymouth Colony (see Puritanism). The Half Way Covenant (1662) loosened requirements for church membership, and the Great Awakening led U.S. Congregationalism away from its Calvinist roots. Many churches defected to Unitarianism. In general, Congregationalists eschew creeds and emphasize preaching over sacraments, accepting only baptism and the Eucharist. English Congregationalists are now part of the United Reform Church. Most Amer. Congregationalists are now part of the United Church of Christ. Baptist, Disciples of Christ, and Unitarian Universalist churches also practice congregational polity.

Congregationalism at English => English (Oxford Advanced Learners) Of Explained:

adjective
a type of Christianity in which the congregation of each church is responsible for its own affairs
Congregational adjective
Congregationalist noun

Congregationalism at English => English (Websters 1913) Of Explained:

Congregationalism \Con`gre*ga"tion*al*ism\, n.
1. That system of church organization which vests all
ecclesiastical power in the assembled brotherhood of each
local church.

2. The faith and polity of the Congregational churches, taken
collectively.

Note: In this sense (which is its usual signification)
Congregationalism is the system of faith and practice
common to a large body of evangelical Trinitarian
churches, which recognize the local brotherhood of each
church as independent of all dictation in
ecclesiastical matters, but are united in fellowship
and joint action, as in councils for mutual advice, and
in consociations, conferences, missionary
organizations, etc., and to whose membership the
designation ``Congregationalists'' is generally
restricted; but Unitarian and other churches are
Congregational in their polity.

Congregationalism at English => English (WordNet) Of Explained:

Congregationalism
n : system of beliefs and church government of a Protestant
denomination in which each member church is
self-governing

congregationalism at English (WD) Of Explained:

Inter: also » Congregationalism

English

Noun

Inter: en-noun » -
  • Any of several forms of church organization in which each congregation is responsible for its own government

    Related terms

    * congregationalist

  • Translation: ta » congregationalism
    Translation: vi » congregationalism

    Congregationalism at English (WD) Of Explained:

    Inter: also » congregationalism

    English

    Noun

    Inter: en-noun » -
  • A system of self-governing Protestant churches

    See also

    * Congregational church

  • Translation: fr » Congregationalism