Day, Dorothy at English => English (The Britannica Concise) Of Explained:
U.S. journalist and social reformer. Born in Brooklyn, she grew up in Chicago, then returned to New York to work for the radical journals The Call and The Masses. With the birth of her daughter (1927), she broke her ties with radicalism and converted to Roman Catholicism. After writing for the liberal Catholic journal Commonweal, in 1933 she and Peter Maurin (1877-1949) cofounded The Catholic Worker, which expressed her view of "personalism." She sought to aid the poor by establishing urban houses of hospitality as part of the Catholic Worker movement. After Maurin's death, she continued to publish the paper and manage the "hospitality houses" for the poor. Though her outspoken pacifist views were criticized by Catholic conservatives, she influenced such Catholic liberals as T. Merton and D. and P. Berrigan.