De Gasperi at English => English (The Britannica Concise) Of Explained:
Italian prime minister (1945-53). Born in the S Tirol under Austria-Hungary, he served in the Austrian parliament 1911-19, and sought the annexation of his region to Italy. He later served in the Italian parliament (1921-27) as a founder of the Italian Popular Party. After 16 months' imprisonment as an anti-Fascist, he became a Vatican librarian in 1929. In World War II he was active in the resistance, and after the fall of the Fascist regime he returned to Italian politics as head of the newly formed Christian Democratic Party. As prime minister (1945-53), he enacted a new constitution, instituted land reform, and oversaw Italy's postwar economic reconstruction. Under his leadership Italy joined NATO, and he helped organize the Council of Europe and the European Coal and Steel Community.