Online Dictionary

Dead Sea Scrolls Explained

Dead Sea Scrolls at English => English (Longman) Of Explained:

the a collection of ancient Jewish scrolls (=rolls of paper containing writing) from around the time of Christ. They contain the oldest copies of parts of the Old Testament of the Bible, and were found near the Dead Sea between 1947 and 1956.//

Dead Sea Scrolls at English => English (The Britannica Concise) Of Explained:

Caches of ancient, mostly Hebrew, manuscripts found at several sites on the NW shore of the Dead Sea (1947-56). The writings date from between the 3rd cent. BC and the 2nd cent. AD and total 800-900 manuscripts in 15,000 fragments. Many scholars believe that those deposited in 11 caves near the ruins of Qumran belonged to a sectarian community whom most scholars believe were Essenes, though other scholars suggest Sadducees or Zealots. The community rejected the rest of the Jewish people and saw the world as sharply divided between good and evil. They cultivated a communal life of ritual purity, called the "Union," led by a messianic "Teacher of Righteousness." The Dead Sea Scrolls as a whole represent a wider spectrum of Jewish belief and may have been the contents of libraries from Jerusalem hidden during the war of AD 66-73. See also Damascus Document.

Dead Sea scrolls at English => English (WordNet) Of Explained:

Dead Sea scrolls
n : (Old Testament) a collection of written scrolls (containing
nearly all of the Old Testament) found in a cave near the
Dead Sea in the late 1940s; "the Dead Sea Scrolls provide
information about Judaism and the Bible around the time
of Jesus"