Debs, Eugene V(ictor) at English => English (The Britannica Concise) Of Explained:
U.S. labor organizer. Debs was born in Terre Haute, Ind., and left home at 14 to work in the railroad shops. As a locomotive fireman, he became an early advocate of industrial unionism, and he became president of the Amer. Railway Union in 1893. His involvement in the Pullman Strike led to a six-month prison term in 1895. In 1898 he helped found the U.S. Socialist Party; he would run as its presidential candidate five times (1900-20). In 1905 he helped found the Industrial Workers of the World. Debs was charged with sedition in 1918 after denouncing the 1917 Espionage Act; he conducted his last presidential campaign from prison, winning 915,000 votes, before being released by presidential order in 1921.