Eden, (Robert) Anthony at English => English (The Britannica Concise) Of Explained:
British politician. After combat service in World War I, he was elected to the House of Commons in 1923. He became foreign secretary in 1935 but resigned in 1938 to protest N. Chamberlain's policy of appeasement. He held the post again 1940-45 and 1951-55, and helped settle the Anglo-Iranian oil dispute and arranged an armistice in Indochina. Succeeding W. Churchill as prime minister in 1955, he attempted to ease international tension by welcoming to Britain N. Khrushchev and N. Bulganin. His fall began when Egypt seized the Suez Canal and he supported an Anglo-French intervention in Egypt (see Suez Crisis). He resigned in 1957, citing ill health.