Edo period at English => English (The Britannica Concise) Of Explained:
Cultural period of Japanese history corresponding to the political period of governance by the Tokugawa shogunate. Edo (present-day Tokyo), chosen by Tokugawa Ieyasu as Japan's new capital, became one of the largest cities of its time and was the site of a thriving urban culture. In literature, the Edo period saw Basho's development of the haiku and the virtuoso comic linked-verse compositions and humorous novels of Ihara Saikaku; in theater, both kabuki (with live actors) and bunraku (with puppets) entertained the townsmen (samurai, for whom theatergoing was forbidden, often attended in disguise). The development of multicolored printing techniques made it possible for ordinary people to obtain woodblock prints of popular kabuki actors or trendsetting courtesans (see ukiyo-e). Travelogues extolled the scenic beauty or historic interest of spots in distant provinces, and temple or shrine pilgrimages to distant places were popular. In scholarship, National Learning called attention to Japan's most ancient poetry and oldest written histories. Dutch Learning, the study of Europe and its sciences, became popular despite extremely limited intercourse with Europe. Neo-Confucianism was also popular. See also Genroku period.