Essex, 2nd Earl of at English => English (The Britannica Concise) Of Explained:
English soldier and courtier. Son of the 1st Earl of Essex, as a young man he became the aging Elizabeth I's favorite, though their relationship was stormy. In 1591-92 he commanded the English force in France that helped Henry IV fight the French Roman Catholics, and in 1596 he commanded forces in the sack of Cá diz. In 1599 Elizabeth sent him to Ireland as lord lieutenant, where he fought an unsuccessful campaign against Irish rebels and concluded an unfavorable truce, leading Elizabeth to deprive him of his offices in 1600. In 1601 he made an unsuccessful attempt to raise the populace of London in revolt against Elizabeth; he was captured, tried by his former mentor F. Bacon, and beheaded.