Above the salt at English => English (Websters 1913) Of Explained:
y; Agent; Bought note; Factor; Sold note.BROTHELS, crim. law. Bawdy-houses, the common habitations of prostitutes;
such places have always been deemed common nuisances in the United States,
and the keepers of them may be fined and imprisoned.
2. Till the time of Henry VIII, they were licensed in England, when
that lascivious prince suppressed them. Vide 2 Inst. 205, 6; for the history
of these pernicious places, see Merl. Rep. mot Bordel Parent Duchatellet, De
la Prostitution dans la ville de Paris, c. 5, Sec. 1; Histoire de la
Legislation sur les femmes publiques, & c., par M. Sabatier.BROTHER, domest. relat. He who is born from the same father and mother with
another, or from one of them only.
2. Brothers are of the whole blood, when they are born of the same
father and mother, and of the half blood, when they are the issue of one of
3. In the civil law, when they are the children of the same father and
mother, they are called brothers germain; when they descend from the same
father, but not the same mother, they are consanguine brothers; when they
are the issue of the same mother, but not the same father, they are uterine
brothers. A half brother, is one who is born of the same father or mother,
but not of both. One born of the same parents before they were married, a
left-sided brother; and a bastard born of the same father or mother, is
called a natural brother. Vide Blood; Half-blood; Line; and Merl. Repert.
mot Frere; Dict. de Jurisp. mot Frere; Code, 3, 28, 27 Nov. 84, praef;
Dane's Ab. Index, h. t.BROTHER-IN-LAW, domestic relat. The brother of a wife, or the husband of a
sister. There is no relationship, in the former case, between the husband
and the brother-in-law, nor in the latter, between the brother and the
husband of the sister; there is only affinity between them. See Vaughan's
Rep. 302, 329.BRUISE, med. jurisp. An injury done with violence to the person, without
breaking the skin; it is nearly synonymous with contusion. (q . v.) 1. Ch.
Pr. 38; vide 4 Car. & P. 381, 487, 558, 565; Eng. C. L. Rep. 430, 526, 529.
Vide Wound.BUBBLE ACT, Eng. law. The name given to the statute 6 Geo. I., c. 18, which
was passed in 1719, and was intended " for restraining several extravagant
and unwarrantable practices therein mentioned." See 2 P. Wms. 219.BUGGERY, crim. law. The detestable crime of having commerce contrary to the
order of nature, by mankind with mankind, or with brute beasts, or by
womankind with brute beasts. 3 Inst. 58; 12 Co. 36; Dane's Ab. Index, h. t.;
Merl. Repert. mot Bestialie. This is a highly penal offence.BUILDING, estates. An edifice erected by art, and fixed upon or over the
soil, composed of stone, brick, marble, wood, or other proper substance,
'Connected together, and designed for use in the position in which it is so
fixed. Every building is an accessory to the soil, and is, therefore, real
estate: it belongs to the owner of the soil. Cruise, tit. 1, S. 46. Vide 1
Chit. Pr. 148, 171; Salk. 459; Hob. 131; 1 Mete. 258; Broom's Max. 172.BULK, contracts. Said to be merchandise which is neither counted) weighed,
2. A sale by bulk, is a sale of a quantity of goods,, such as they are,
without measuring, counting, or weighing. Civ. Code of Louis. a. 3522, n. 6.
BULL, eccles. law. A letter from the pope of Rome, written on parchment, to
which is attached a leaden seal, impressed with the images of Saint Peter
and Saint Paul.
2. There are three kinds of apostolical rescripts, the brief, the
signature, and the bull, which last is most commonly used in legal matters.
Bulls may be compared to the edicts and letters-patent of secular princes:
when the bull grants a favor, the seal is attached by means of silken
strings; and when to direct execution to be performed, with flax cords.
Bulls are written in Latin, in a round and Gothic hand. Ayl. Par. 132; Ayl.
Pand. 21; Mer. Rep. h. t.BULLETIN. An official account of public transactions on matters of
importance. In France, it is the registry of the laws.BULLION. In its usual acceptation, is uncoined gold or silver, in bars,
plates, or other masses. 1 East, P. C. 188.
2. In the acts of Congress, the term is also applied to copper properly
manufactured for the purpose of being coined into money. For the acts of
Congress, authorizing the coinage of bullion for private individuals, see
Act of April 2, 1792, s. 14, 1 Story, 230; Act of May 19, 1828, 4 Sharsw.
cont. of Story's Laws U. S. 2120; Act of June 28, 1834, Id. 2376; Act of
January 18, 1837, Id. 2522 to 2529. See, for the English law on the subject
of crimes against bullion, 1 Hawk. P. C. 32 to 41.BUOY. A piece of wood, or an empty barrel, floating on the water, to show
the place where it is shallow, to indicate the danger there is to
navigation. The act of Congress, approved the 28th September, 1850, enacts,
" that all buoys along the coast, in bays, harbors, sounds, or channels,
shall be colored and numbered, so that passing up the coast or sound, or
entering the bay, harbor or channel, red buoys with even numbers, shall be
passed on the starboard hand, black buoys, with uneven numbers, on the port
hand, and buoys with red and black stripes on either hand. Buoys in channel
ways to be colored with alternate white and black perpendicular stripes."BURDEN OF PROOF. This phrase is employed to signify the duty of proving the
facts in dispute on an issue raised between the parties in a cause.
2. The burden of proof always lies on the party who takes the
affirmative in pleading. 1 Mass. 71, 335; 4 Mass. 593; 9 Pick. 39.
3. In criminal cases, as every man is presumed to be innocent until the
contrary is proved, the burden of proof rests on the prosecutor, unless a
different provision is expressly made by statute. 12 Wheat. See Onus
probandi.BUREAU. A French word, which literally means a large writing table. It is
used figuratively for the place where business is transacted: it has been
borrowed by us, and used in nearly the same sense; as, the bureau of the
secretary of state. Vide Merl. Repert. h. t.BUREAUCRACY. The abuse of official influence in the affairs of government;
corruption. This word has lately been adopted to signify that those persons
who are employed in bureaus abuse their authority by intrigue to promote
their own benefit, or that of friends, rather t
above the salt at English (WD) Of Explained: