Achromatic telescope at English => English (Websters 1913) Of Explained:
oust another court of its jurisdiction, but only creates a concurrent
one. 2. Cognitio placitorum, when the plea is commenced in one court, of
which conusance belongs to another. 3. A conusance of exclusive
jurisdiction; as that no other court shall hold pica, &c. Hard. 509 Bac. Ab.
Courts, D.CONUSOR. The same as cognizor; one who passes or acknowledges a fine of
lands or tenements to another. See Consignor.CONVENE, civil law. This is a technical term, signifying to bring an action.CONVENTIO, canon law. The act of convening or calling together the parties,
by summoning the defendant. Vide Reconvention. When the defendant was
brought to answer, he was said to be convened, which the canonists called
conventio, because the plaintiff and defendant met to contest. Sto. Eq. Pl.
Sec. 402; 4 Bouv. Inst. n. 4117.CONVENTION, contracts, civil law. A general term which comprehends all kinds
of contracts, treaties, pacts, or agreements. It is defined to be the
consent of two or more persons to form with each other an engagement, or to
dissolve or change one which they had previously formed. Domat, Lois Civ. 1.
1, t. 1, s. 1 Dig. lib. 2, t. 14, 1. 1 Lib. 1, t. 1, 1. 1, 4 and 5; 1 Bouv.
Inst. n. 100.
CONVENTION, legislation. This term is applied to a selecting of the
delegates elected by the people for other purposes than usual legislation.
It is mostly used to denote all assembly to make or amend the constitution
of, a state, but it sometimes indicates an assembly of the delegates of the
people to nominate officers to be supported at an election.CONVERSANT. One who is in the habit of being in a particular place, is said
to be conversant there. Barnes, 162.CONVERSION. torts. the unlawful turning or applying the personal goods of
another to the use of the taker, or of some other person than the, owner; or
the unlawful destroying or altering their nature. Bull. N. P. 44; 6 Mass.
20; 14 Pick. 356; 3 Brod. & Bing. 2; Cro. Eliz. 219 12 Mod. 519; 5 Mass.
104; 6 Shepl. 382; Story, Bailm. Sec. 188, 269, 306; 6 Mass. 422; 2 B. & P.
488; 3 B. & Ald. 702; 11 M. & W. 363; 8 Taunt. 237; 4 Taunt. 24.
2. When a party takes away or wrongfully assumes the right to goods
which belong to another, it will in general be sufficient evidence of a
conversion but when the original taking was, lawful, as when the party found
the goods, and the detention only is illegal, it is absolutely necessary to
male a demand of the goods, and there must be a refusal to deliver them
before the conversion will, be complete. 1 Ch. Pr. 566; 2 Saund. 47 e, note
1 Ch. Pl. 179; Bac. Ab. Trover, B 1 Com. Dig. 439; 3 Com. Dig. 142; 1 Vin.
Ab. 236; Yelv. 174, n.; 2 East, R. 405; 6 East, R. 540; 4 Taunt. 799 5 Barn.
& Cr. 146; S. C. 11 Eng. C. L. Rep. 185; 3 Bl. Com. 152; 3 Bouv. Inst. n.
3522, et seq. The refusal by a servant to deliver the goods entrusted to him
by his master, is not evidence of a conversion by his master. 5 Hill, 455.
3. The tortious taking of property is, of itself, a conversion 15 John.
R. 431 and any intermeddling with it, or any exercise of dominion over it,
subversive of the dominion of the owner, or the nature of the bailment, if
it be bailed, is, evidence of a conversion. 1 Nott & McCord, R. 592; 2 Mass.
R. 398; 1 Har. & John. 519; 7 John. R. 254; 10 John. R. 172 14 John. R. 128;
Cro. Eliz. 219; 2 John. Cas. 411. Vide Trover.
CONVERSION, in equity, The considering of one thing as changed into another;
for example, land will be considered as converted into money, and treated as
such by a court of equity, when the owner has contracted to sell his estate
in which case, if he die before the conveyance, his executors and not his
heirs will be entitled to the money. 2 Vern. 52; S., C. 3 Chan. R. 217; 1
B1. Rep. 129. On the other hand, money is converted into land in a variety
of ways as for example, when a man agrees to buy land, and dies before he
has received the conveyance, the money he was to pay for it will be
considered as converted into lands, and descend to the heir. 1 P. Wms. 176 2
Vern. 227 10 Pet. 563; Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t.CONVEYANCE, contracts. The transfer of the title to land by one or more
persons to another or others. By the term persons is here understood not
only natural persons but corporations. The instrument which conveys the
property is also called a conveyance. For the several kinds of conveyances
see Deed. Vide, generally, Roberts on Fraud. Conv. passim; 16 Vin. Ab. 138;
Com. Dig. Chancery, 2 T 1; 3 M 2; 4 S 2; Id. Discontinuance, C 3, 4, 5; Id.
Guaranty, D; Id. Pleader, C 37; Id. Poiar, C 5; Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t. The
whole of a conveyance, when it consists of different parts or instruments,
must be taken together, and the several parts of it relate back to the
principal part; 4 Burr. Rep. 1962; as a fine; 2 Burr. R. 704; or a recovery;
2 Burr. Rep. 135. 2. When there is no express agreement to the contrary, the
expense of the conveyance falls upon the purchaser; 2 Ves. Jr. 155, note;
who must prepare and