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age of fishes Explained

Age of Fishes at English => English (Websters 1913) Of Explained:

excommunicated, which writ is returnable in the king's bench. F. N. B. 62,
64, 65 Bac. Ab. Excommunication, E. See Statutes 3 Ed. I. c. 15; 9 Ed. II.
c. 12; 2 & 3 Ed. VI. c. 13; 5 & 6 Ed. VI c. 4; 5 Eliz. c. 23; 1 H.V. c. 5;
also Cro. Eliz. 224, 6,80; Cro. Car. 421; Cro. Jac. 567; 1 Vent. 146; 1
Salk. 293, 294, 295.EXCOMMUNICATION, eccl. law. An ecclesiastical sentence, pronounced by a
spiritual judge against a Christian man, by which he is excluded from the
body of the church, and disabled to bring any action, or sue any person in
the common law courts. Bac. Ab. h.t.; Co. Litt. 133-4. In early times it
was the most frequent and most severe method of executing ecclesiastical
censure, although proper to be used, said Justinian, (Nov. 123,) only upon
grave occasions. The effect of it was to remove the excommunicated "person
not only from the sacred rites but from the society of men. In a certain
sense it interdicted the use of fire and water, like the punishment spoken
of by Caesar, (lib, 6 de Bell. Gall.). as inflicted by the Druids. Innocent
IV. called it the nerve of ecclesiastical discipline. On repentance, the
excommunicated person was absolved and received again to communion. These
are said to be the powers of binding and loosing the keys of the kingdom of
heaven. This kind of punishment seems to have been adopted from the Roman
usage of interdicting the use of fire and water. Fr. Duaren, De Sacris
Eccles. Ministeriis, lib. 1, cap. 3. See Ridley's View of the Civil. and
Ecclesiastical Law, 245, 246, 249.EXCUSABLE HOMICIDE, crim. law. The killing of a human being, when the party
killing is not altogether free from blame, but the necessity which renders
it excusable, may be said to be partly induce by his own act. 1 East, P. C.
220.EXCUSE. A reason alleged for the doing or not doing a thing. This word
presents two ideas differing essentially from each other. In one case an
excuse may be made in, order to own that the party accused is not guilty; in
another, by showing that though guilty, he is less so, than he appears to
be. Take, for example, the case of a sheriff who has an execution against an
individual, and who in performance of his duty, arrests him; in an action by
the defendant against the sheriff, the latter may prove the facts, and this
shall be a sufficient excuse for him: this is an excuse of the first kind,
or a complete justification; the sheriff was guilty of no offence. But
suppose, secondly, that the sheriff has an execution against Paul, and by
mistake, and without any malicious design, be arrests Peter instead of Paul;
the fact of his having the execution against Paul and the mistake being
made, will not justify the sheriff, but it will extenuate and excuse his
conduct, and this will be an excuse of the second kind.
3. Persons are sometimes excused for the commission of acts, which
ordinarily are crimes, either because they had no intention of doing wrong,
or because they had no power of judging, and therefore had no criminal will
(q.v.); or having power, of judging they had no choice, and were compelled
by necessity. Among the first class may be placed infants under the age of
discretion, lunatics, and married women committing an offence in the
presence of their husbands, not malum in se, as treason or murder; 1 Hale's
P. C. 44, 45 or in offences relating to the domestic concern or management
of the house, as the keeping of a bawdy house. Hawk. b. 1, c. 1, s. 12.
Among acts of the second kind may be classed, the beating or killing another
in self-defence; the destruction of property in order to prevent a more
serious calamity, as the tearing down of a house on fire, to prevent its
spreading to the neighboring property, and the like. See Dalloz, Dict. h.t.EXEAT, eccl. law. This is a Latin term, which is used to express the written
permission which a bishop gives to an ecclesiastic to exercise the functions
of his ministry in another diocese.EXECUTED. Something done; something completed. This word is frequently used
in connexion with others to designate a quality of such other words; as an
executed contract; an executed estate; an executed trust, &c. It is opposed
to executory.
2. An executed contract is one which has been fulfilled; as, where the
buyer has paid thrice of the thing purchased by him. See Agreement.
3. An executed estate is when there is vested in the grantee a present
and immediate right of present or future enjoyment; and in another sense,
the term applies to the time of enjoyment; and in that sense, an estate is
said to be executed, when it confers a present right of presen

Age of fishes at English => English (Websters 1913) Of Explained:

t enjoyment.
When the right of enjoyment in possession is to arise at a future period,
only, the estate is executed that is, it is merely vested in point of
interest: when the right of immediate enjoyment is annexed to the estate,
then only is the estate vested in possession. 1 Prest. on Est. 62.
4. Trusts executed are, when by deed or will, lands are conveyed, or
devised, in terms or in effect, to and for the use of one person or several
persons, in trust for others, without any direction that the trustees shall
make any farther conveyance; so that it does not appear that the aut

Age of Fishes at English => English (WordNet) Of Explained:

Age of Fishes
n : from 405 million to 345 million years ago; dominance of
fishes and appearance of amphibians and ammonites [syn: {Devonian},
{Devonian period}]