Online Dictionary

artichoke Explained

artichoke at CMU American English spelling Of Explained:

['ɑ:tə'tʃəuk]

artichoke at English => English (English Etymology) Of Explained:

1531, from articiocco, Northern It. variant of It. arcicioffo, from O.Sp. alcarchofa, from Ar. al-kharshof "artichoke." The Northern It. variation probably is from infl. of ciocco "stump," and folk-etymology has twisted the word in Eng. The ending is probably infl. by choke, and early forms of the word in Eng. include archecokk, hortichock, artychough, hartichoake. The plant was known in Italy by 1450s, brought to Florence from Naples in 1466, and introduced in England in the reign of Henry VIII. ///

artichoke at English => English (Longman) Of Explained:

n [C] [Date: 1500-1600; Language: Italian dialect; Origin: articiocco, from Arabic al-khurshuf 'the artichoke']//
1 also globe artichoke : a type of round green vegetable, which has buds with leaves that you eat, which are like the petals of a flower//
2 also Jerusalem artichoke : a plant that has a root like a potato that you can eat//

artichoke at English => English (The Britannica Concise) Of Explained:

Large, coarse, herbaceous, thistlelike perennial plant (Cynara scolymus) of the composite family. The thick edible scales and bottom part (heart) of the immature flower heads are a culinary delicacy. The artichoke is native to the Mediterranean and is cultivated extensively in other regions with rich soil and a mild, humid climate. The Jerusalem artichoke is a tuber and does not resemble the artichoke.

Artichoke at English => English (Websters 1913) Of Explained:

Artichoke \Ar"ti*choke\, n. [It. articiocco, perh. corrupted fr.
the same word as carciofo; cf. older spellings archiciocco,
archicioffo, carciocco, and Sp. alcachofa, Pg. alcachofra;
prob. fr. Ar. al-harshaf, al-kharsh[=u]f.] (Bot.)
1. The {Cynara scolymus}, a plant somewhat resembling a
thistle, with a dilated, imbricated, and prickly
involucre. The head (to which the name is also applied) is
composed of numerous oval scales, inclosing the florets,
sitting on a broad receptacle, which, with the fleshy base
of the scales, is much esteemed as an article of food.

2. See {Jerusalem artichoke}.

artichoke at English => English (WordNet) Of Explained:

artichoke
n 1: Mediterranean thistlelike plant widely cultivated for its
large edible flower head [syn: {globe artichoke}, {artichoke
plant}, {Cynara scolymus}]
2: a thistle-like flower head with edible fleshy leaves and
heart [syn: {globe artichoke}]

artichoke at English (WD) Of Explained:

==English==
Inter: wikipedi » a
Category: Image - :CDC_artichoke.jpg|right

Etymology

From northern Inter: etyl » it dialectal Inter: term » articiocco, alteration of Inter: term » arcicioffo (possibly influenced by Inter: term » ciocco||stump, from Inter: etyl » osp Inter: term » alcarchofa, from Inter: etyl » ar Inter: term » قرشوف|القرشوف|artichoke|tr=al-qaršūf|sc=Arab.

Pronunciation

* Inter: audio » en-us-artichoke.ogg|Audio (US)

Noun

Inter: en-nou » n
  • An plant related to the thistle with enlarged flower heads eaten as a vegetable while immature.

    Synonyms

    * globe artichoke, Cynara scolymus (the former taxonomic name), Cynara cardunculus (the currently accepted taxonomic name, which also includes cardoons)

    Related terms

    * artichoke heart
    • Jerusalem artichoke

      Translations

      Inter: trans-top » Vegetable
    • Afrikaans: Inter: t- » af|artisjok
    • Albanian: Inter: t- » sq|angjinarja
    • Arabic: Inter: t- » ar|خرشوف|m|alt=خُرْشوف|tr=xuršūf, Inter: t- » ar|الأرضي شوكي|m|tr=al-ʾarḍi šawkī|sc=Arab
    • : Egyptian Arabic: Inter: tø » arz|خرشوفة|f|tr=xaršufa|sc=Arab, Inter: tø » arz|خرشوف|m|p|tr=xaršuf|sc=Arab
    • Armenian: Inter: t- » hy|կանկառ|tr=kankaṙ|sc=Armn
    • Azeri: Inter: t- » az|artişok, Inter: t- » az|ənginar
    • Basque: Inter: t- » eu|orburu
    • Belarusian: Inter: t- » be|артышок|m|tr=artyšók|sc=Cyrl
    • Bulgarian: Inter: t- » bg|артишок|m|tr=artišók|sc=Cyrl
    • Burmese: Inter: t+ » my|ပဲပိုးတီ|tr=pe: pou: di|sc=Mymr
    • Catalan: Inter: t- » ca|carxofera|f
    • Chinese:
    • : Mandarin: Inter: t » cmn|洋薊|sc=Hani, Inter: t » cmn|洋蓟|tr=yángjì|sc=Hani
    • Czech: Inter: t+ » cs|artyčok|m
    • Danish: Inter: t- » da|artiskok
    • Dutch: Inter: t+ » nl|artisjok|m
    • Esperanto: Inter: t- » eo|artiŝoko
    • Estonian: Inter: t- » et|artišokk
    • Inter: trreq » fo
    • Finnish: Inter: t+ » fi|latva-artisokka
    • French: Inter: t+ » fr|artichaut|m
    • Georgian: Inter: t- » ka|არტიშოკი|tr=artišoki|sc=Geor
    • German: Inter: t+ » de|Artischocke|f
    • Greek: Inter: t+ » el|αγκινάρα|f|tr=aginara
    • Hebrew: Inter: t+ » he|ארטישוק|m|tr=artishok
    • Hindi: Inter: t- » hi|आटिचोक|tr=āṭicok|sc=Deva
    • Hungarian: Inter: t+ » hu|articsóka
    • Icelandic: Inter: t- » is|ætiþistill
    • Ido: Inter: t+ » io|artichoko
    • Interlingue: Inter: t- » ie|artichoc
    • Italian: Inter: t+ » it|carciofo|m
    • Japanese: Inter: t- » ja|朝鮮薊|tr=chōsen azami|sc=Jpan Inter: qualifier » Korean thistle, Inter: t+ » ja|アーティチョーク|tr=ātichōku|sc=Jpan
    • Kazakh: Inter: t » kk|бөрікгүл|tr=börikgül|sc=Cyrl, Inter: t » kk|артишок|tr=artïşok|sc=Cyrl
    • Inter: trreq » km


    Inter: trans-mi » d
  • Korean: Inter: t- » ko|아티초크|tr=atichokeu|sc=Kore
  • Kyrgyz: Inter: t- » ky|артишок|tr=artişok|sc=Cyrl
  • Latvian: Inter: t- » lv|artišoks|m
  • Lithuanian: Inter: t- » lt|artišokas|m
  • Macedonian: Inter: t- » mk|артичока|m|tr=artičóka
  • Maltese: Inter: t- » mt|qaqoċċa|f
  • Navajo: Inter: tø » nv|azeeʼ hókániitsoh daadánígíí
  • Norwegian:
  • : Bokmål: Inter: t+ » no|artisjokk|m, Inter: t- » no|artiskokk|m
  • : Nynorsk: Inter: t- » nn|artisjokk|m, Inter: t- » nn|artiskokk|m
  • Persian: Inter: t- » fa|کنگر فرنگی|tr=kangar-e-farangi|sc=fa-Arab
  • Polish: Inter: t+ » pl|karczoch|m
  • Portuguese: Inter: t+ » pt|alcachofra|f, Inter: t- » pt|alcachofra de comer|f, Inter: t- » pt|alcachofra hortense|f
  • Romanian: Inter: t+ » ro|anghinare|f
  • Russian: Inter: t+ » ru|артишок|m|tr=artišók
  • Serbo-Croatian:
  • : Cyrillic: Inter: t- » sh|артичока|f
  • : Roman: Inter: t- » sh|artičoka|f
  • Sicilian: Inter: t+ » scn|cacocciùlu|m, Inter: t+ » scn|cacocciùla|f, Inter: t- » scn|caccioffula|f
  • Slovak: Inter: t- » sk|artyčok|m
  • Slovene: Inter: t+ » sl|artičoka|f
  • Spanish: Inter: t+ » es|alcachofa|f, Inter: t- » es|alcaucil|m Inter: qualifier » Argentina|Southern Spain, Inter: t- » es|alcacil|m Inter: qualifier » Southeastern Spain
  • Swedish: Inter: t+ » sv|kronärtskocka
  • Tajik: Inter: t- » tg|анганор|tr=anganor|sc=Cyrl
  • Thai: Inter: t- » th|อาติโช๊ค|tr=aa dtì chóhk
  • Turkish: Inter: t+ » tr|enginar
  • Turkmen: Inter: t- » tk|artişok
  • Ukrainian: Inter: t+ » uk|артишок|m|tr=artyšók|sc=Cyrl
  • Urdu: Inter: t- » ur|اٹچوك|tr=āṭicok|sc=ur-Arab
  • Uzbek: Inter: t- » uz|artishok
  • Venetian: Inter: tø » vec|articioco|m
  • Vietnamese: Inter: t- » vi|atisô
  • Volapük: Inter: t+ » vo|tijod, Inter: qualifier » older term Inter: t- » vo|tijep

  • Inter: trans-botto » m

    References

    * Inter: R:BB » S
    Category: Category:en:Vegetables -
    Translation: ar » artichoke
    Translation: ca » artichoke
    Translation: cs » artichoke
    Translation: et » artichoke
    Translation: el » artichoke
    Translation: eo » artichoke
    Translation: eu » artichoke
    Translation: fr » artichoke
    Translation: ko » artichoke
    Translation: io » artichoke
    Translation: it » artichoke
    Translation: ku » artichoke
    Translation: hu » artichoke
    Translation: my » artichoke
    Translation: oc » artichoke
    Translation: pl » artichoke
    Translation: ro » artichoke
    Translation: ru » artichoke
    Translation: fi » artichoke
    Translation: sv » artichoke
    Translation: ta » artichoke
    Translation: te » artichoke
    Translation: tr » artichoke
    Translation: vi » artichoke
    Translation: zh » artichoke