Online Dictionary

ball gudgeon Explained

Ball gudgeon at English => English (Websters 1913) Of Explained:

Ball \Ball\ (b[add]l), n. [OE. bal, balle; akin to OHG. balla,
palla, G. ball, Icel. b["o]llr, ball; cf. F. balle. Cf. 1st
{Bale}, n., {Pallmall}.]
1. Any round or roundish body or mass; a sphere or globe; as,
a ball of twine; a ball of snow.

2. A spherical body of any substance or size used to play
with, as by throwing, knocking, kicking, etc.

3. A general name for games in which a ball is thrown,
kicked, or knocked. See {Baseball}, and {Football}.

4. Any solid spherical, cylindrical, or conical projectile of
lead or iron, to be discharged from a firearm; as, a
cannon ball; a rifle ball; -- often used collectively; as,
powder and ball. Spherical balls for the smaller firearms
are commonly called {bullets}.

5. (Pyrotechnics & Mil.) A flaming, roundish body shot into
the air; a case filled with combustibles intended to burst
and give light or set fire, or to produce smoke or stench;
as, a fire ball; a stink ball.

6. (Print.) A leather-covered cushion, fastened to a handle
called a ballstock; -- formerly used by printers for
inking the form, but now superseded by the roller.

7. A roundish protuberant portion of some part of the body;
as, the ball of the thumb; the ball of the foot.

8. (Far.) A large pill, a form in which medicine is commonly
given to horses; a bolus. --White.

9. The globe or earth. --Pope.

Move round the dark terrestrial ball. --Addison.

{Ball and socket joint}, a joint in which a ball moves within
a socket, so as to admit of motion in every direction
within certain limits.

{Ball bearings}, a mechanical device for lessening the
friction of axle bearings by means of small loose metal
balls.

{Ball cartridge}, a cartridge containing a ball, as
distinguished from a blank cartridge, containing only
powder.

{Ball cock}, a faucet or valve which is opened or closed by
the fall or rise of a ball floating in water at the end of
a lever.

{Ball gudgeon}, a pivot of a spherical form, which permits
lateral deflection of the arbor or shaft, while retaining
the pivot in its socket. --Knight.

{Ball lever}, the lever used in a ball cock.

{Ball of the eye}, the eye itself, as distinguished from its
lids and socket; -- formerly, the pupil of the eye.

{Ball valve} (Mach.), a contrivance by which a ball, placed
in a circular cup with a hole in its bottom, operates as a
valve.

{Ball vein} (Mining), a sort of iron ore, found in loose
masses of a globular form, containing sparkling particles.


{Three balls}, or {Three golden balls}, a pawnbroker's sign
or shop.

Syn: See {Globe}.

Gudgeon \Gud"geon\, n. [OE. gojon, F. goujon, from L. gobio, or
gob, Gr. ? Cf. {1st Goby}. ]
1. (Zo["o]l.) A small European freshwater fish ({Gobio
fluviatilis}), allied to the carp. It is easily caught and
often used for food and for bait. In America the
killifishes or minnows are often called {gudgeons.}

2. What may be got without skill or merit.

Fish not, with this melancholy bait, For this fool
gudgeon, this opinion. --Shak.

3. A person easily duped or cheated. --Swift.

4. (Mach.) The pin of iron fastened in the end of a wooden
shaft or axle, on which it turns; formerly, any journal,
or pivot, or bearing, as the pintle and eye of a hinge,
but esp. the end journal of a horizontal.

6. (Naut.) A metal eye or socket attached to the sternpost to
receive the pintle of the rudder.

{Ball gudgeon}. See under {Ball}.