black nationalism at English => English (The Britannica Concise) Of Explained:
U.S. political and social movement to develop economic power and community and ethnic pride among blacks. It was proclaimed by M. Garvey in the early 20th cent., when many U.S. black nationalists hoped for the eventual creation of a separate black nation in Africa. In the 1960s and '70s, E. Muhammad and Malcolm X preached the ideal of black nationalism as an alternative to assimilation to the predominantly white culture of the U.S. In Africa black nationalism developed in the years following World War II, and by the early 1960s most of the European colonies in Africa had achieved independence.