black theater at English => English (The Britannica Concise) Of Explained:
In the U.S., a dramatic movement encompassing plays written by, for, and about blacks. The first known play by an Amer. black was James Brown's King Shotaway (1823). After the Civil War, blacks began to perform in minstrel shows, and musicals written, produced, and acted entirely by blacks appeared by c.1900. The first real success of a black dramatist was Angelina W. Grimké 's Rachel (1916). Theater flourished during the Harlem Renaissance of the 1920s and '30s, and by 1940 the Amer. Negro Theater and the Negro Playwrights' Co. were firmly established. After World War II black theater grew more progressive and militant, seeking to establish its own mythology, abolish racial stereotypes, and integrate black playwrights into the mainstream. Its strongest proponent, A. Baraka, established the Black Arts Repertory Theatre in 1965. In the 1980s and '90s Charles Fuller and A. Wilson won Pulitzer Prizes.