Online Dictionary

bourgeois Explained

bourgeois at CMU American English spelling Of Explained:

[buəʒ'wɑ]

bourgeois at English => English (English Etymology) Of Explained:

1564, "of the Fr. middle class," from Fr., from O.Fr. burgeis "town dweller" (as distinct from "peasant"), from borc "town, village," from Frank. *burg (see borough). Sense of "socially or aesthetically conventional" is from 1764; in communist and socialist writing, "a capitalist" (1883). Bourgeoisie (n.) "middle class" is first recorded 1707. /// "It is better to be a good ordinary bourgeois than a bad ordinary bohemian." [Aldous Huxley, 1930] ///

bourgeois at English => English (Longman) Of Explained:

adj [Date: 1500-1600; Language: French; Origin: 'person who lives in a town', from Old French borjois, from borc 'town', from Latin burgus 'castle, town defended by a wall']//
1 belonging to the middle class: --She came from a respectable bourgeois family.// --bourgeois morality//
2 too interested in having a lot of possessions and a high position in society: --the Sixties backlash against bourgeois materialism//
3 belonging to or typical of the part of society that is rich, educated, owns land etc, according to Marxism: proletarian// -- bourgeois n [C] // petty bourgeois//

bourgeois at German => English Of Explained:

bourgeois

bourgeois at French => English Of Explained:

middleclass citizen

Bourgeois at English => English (The Britannica Concise) Of Explained:

French-U.S. sculptor. Born in Paris, she studied briefly with F. Lé ger and initially worked as a painter and engraver. In the late 1940s, after moving to New York with her Amer. husband, she turned to sculpture. She achieved recognition in the 1950s with wooden constructions painted uniformly black or white. She has also worked in marble, plaster, latex, and glass. Though her works @T:are abstract, they are suggestive of the human figure and express themes of betrayal, anxiety, and loneliness.

French politician. He entered the civil service in 1876 and was elected to the National Assembly in 1888. He served in several ministerial posts and was briefly premier (1895-96). He was a member of the Senate 1905-23, and its president from 1920. An advocate of international cooperation, he was appointed to the International Court of Justice in 1903. In 1919 he was France's representative to the League of Nations, emerging as its champion. In 1920 he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

bourgeois at English => English (Moby Thesaurus II) Of Explained:

144 Moby Thesaurus words for "bourgeois":
Babbitt, Babbittish, Cockney, Everyman, John Smith,
Middle American, Philistine, accordant, anal, anal character,
arriviste, average, average man, big-city man, boor, bounder,
burgess, burgher, cad, campy, capitalist, churl, city dweller,
city man, city slicker, clown, common, common man, commoner,
commonplace, compulsive, compulsive character, concordant,
conformer, conformist, conventional, conventionalist,
corresponding, epicier, exurbanite, formalist, formalistic,
free-enterprise, garden, garden-variety, general, greedy,
groundling, guttersnipe, harmonious, high-camp, homely, homespun,
hooligan, ill-bred fellow, in accord, in keeping, in line, in step,
individualistic, kitschy, kosher, little fellow, little man, looby,
lout, low fellow, low-camp, materialistic, methodologist,
middle-class, middle-class type, model child, money-hungry, mucker,
no great shakes, nonsocialistic, normal, nouveau riche, oppidan,
ordinary, organization man, orthodox, parrot, parvenu, peasant,
pedant, pedantic, perfectionist, philistine, plastic,
plastic person, pleb, plebeian, pop, popular, precisian,
precisianist, precisianistic, private-enterprise, proletarian,
propertied, public, regular, ribald, roturier, rough, roughneck,
rowdy, ruffian, run-of-mine, run-of-the-mill, sheep, square,
straight, stuffy, suburban, suburbanite, teenybopper, townee,
towner, townfolk, townfolks, townsman, townspeople, townswoman,
traditionalist, trimmer, unexceptional, unnoteworthy, unremarkable,
unspectacular, upstart, uptight, urbanite, usual, vernacular,
villager, villageress, vulgarian, vulgarist, working-class,
yes-man, yokel

bourgeois at French => English Of Explained:

panuŋ]nsf
guyabsparend [apʃpaːrənt

bourgeois at Dutch => English Of Explained:

bourgeois [burʒwɑ]
middleclasscitizen

bourgeois at English => English (Oxford Advanced Learners) Of Explained:

adjective
1 belonging to the middle class:
a traditional bourgeois family
see also PETIT BOURGEOIS
2 (disapproving) interested mainly in possessions and social status and supporting traditional values:
bourgeois attitudes / tastes * They've become very bourgeois since they got married.
3 (politics) supporting the interests of CAPITALISM:
bourgeois ideology
bourgeois noun (plural bourgeois)

Bourgeois at English => English (Websters 1913) Of Explained:

Bourgeois \Bour*geois"\, n. [From a French type founder named
Bourgeois, or fr. F. bourgeois of the middle class; hence
applied to an intermediate size of type between brevier and
long primer: cf. G. bourgeois, borgis. Cf. {Burgess}.]
(Print.)
A size of type between long primer and brevier. See {Type}.

Note: This line is printed in bourgeois type.

Bourgeois \Bour*geois"\, n. [F., fr. bourg town; of German
origin. See {Burgess}.]
A man of middle rank in society; one of the shopkeeping
class. [France.] a. Characteristic of the middle class, as in
France.

bourgeois at English => English (WordNet) Of Explained:

bourgeois
adj 1: (according to Marxist thought) being of the property-owning
class and exploitive of the working class
2: conforming to the standards and conventions of the middle
class; "a bourgeois mentality" [syn: {conservative}, {materialistic}]
3: belonging to the middle class

bourgeois
n 1: a capitalist who engages in industrial commercial enterprise
[syn: {businessperson}]
2: a member of the middle class [syn: {burgher}]

bourgeois at English (WD) Of Explained:

==English==
Inter: was wotd » 2008|March|15

Alternative forms

* burgeois

Etymology

Borrowed from Inter: etyl » fr|en Inter: term » bourgeois||a class of citizens who were wealthier members of the Third Estate|lang=fr, from Inter: etyl » xno|en Inter: term » burgeis||town dweller|lang=xno, from Inter: etyl » fro|en Inter: term » borjois|lang=fro, from Inter: term » borc||town|lang=fro, from Inter: etyl » gem-pro|en Inter: recons » burgz||fortress|lang=gem-pro, from Inter: etyl » ine-pro|en Inter: recons » bʰrgʰ-||fortified elevation|lang=ine-pro. The path from Proto-Germanic to Old French is unclear. Perhaps via Frankish Inter: recons » burg|lang=frk or Late Latin Inter: recons » burgus|lang=la, or possibly both. See also the related word Inter: term » burgess|lang=en.

Pronunciation

* Inter: a » UK Inter: IPA » /ˈbɔːʒ.wɑː/|/ˈbʊəʒ.wɑː/
  • Inter: audio » en-uk-bourgeois.ogg|Audio (UK)
  • Inter: a » US Inter: IPA » /buɹʒ.ˈwɑː/|/ˈbuɹʒ.wɑː/
  • Inter: audio » en-us-bourgeois.ogg|Audio (US)

    Adjective

    Inter: en-ad » j


  • Of or relating to the middle class, especially its attitudes and conventions.
    1. Belonging to the middle class.
    2. Conventional, conservative and materialistic.
    3. : bourgeois opinion
    4. Inter: Marxis » m Of or relating to capitalist exploitation of the proletariat.

      Derived terms

      * bougie

  • bourgeoisification
  • bourgie

    Synonyms

    * Inter: sense » conventional, conservative square

    Translations

    Inter: trans-top » of or relating to the middle class
  • Basque: Inter: t- » eu|burges
  • Finnish: Inter: t- » fi|porvarillinen, Inter: t+ » fi|keskiluokkainen
  • French: Inter: t+ » fr|bourgeois
  • German: Inter: t+ » de|bourgeois

  • Inter: trans-mi » d
    • Indonesian: borjuis, orang borjuis, kelas menengah
    • Portuguese: Inter: t+ » pt|burguês|m, Inter: t- » pt|burguesa|f
    • Spanish: Inter: t- » es|burgués|m


    Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-top » belonging to the middle class
    • Finnish: Inter: t- » fi|porvarillinen, Inter: t+ » fi|keskiluokkainen


    Inter: trans-mi » d
  • Portuguese: Inter: t+ » pt|burguês|m, Inter: t- » pt|burguesa|f

  • Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-top » conventional, conservative and materialistic
    • Finnish: Inter: t+ » fi|keskiluokkainen, Inter: t- » fi|poroporvarillinen
    • French: Inter: t+ » fr|bourgeois


    Inter: trans-mi » d
  • German: Inter: t+ » de|spießig

  • Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-top » of capitalist exploitation
    • Finnish: Inter: t- » fi|porvarillinen
    • Portuguese: Inter: t+ » pt|burguês


    Inter: trans-mi » d
  • Russian: Inter: t+ » ru|буржуазный

  • Inter: trans-botto » m

    Noun

    Inter: en-noun » -
  • Inter: context » political|collectively The middle class.
    1. Inter: rar » e An individual member of the middle class.
    2. A person with bourgeois values and attitudes.
    3. An individual member of the bourgeoisie, one of the three estates.
    4. Inter: Marxis » m Anyone deemed to be an exploiter of the proletariat, a capitalist.

      Related terms

      * bourgeoise

  • bourgeoisie
  • embourgeoisement

    Translations

    Inter: trans-top » the middle class
  • Basque: Inter: t- » eu|burges
  • Esperanto: Inter: t- » eo|burĝaro

  • Inter: trans-mi » d
    • Finnish: Inter: t+ » fi|keskiluokka


    Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-top » individual member of the middle class
    • Esperanto: Inter: t- » eo|burĝo
    • Finnish: Inter: t+ » fi|porvari


    Inter: trans-mi » d
  • Portuguese: Inter: t+ » pt|burguês|m, Inter: t- » pt|burguesa|f

  • Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-top » person with bourgeois values
    • Finnish: Inter: t+ » fi|porvari, Inter: t- » fi|poroporvari


    Inter: trans-mi » d
    Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-top » member of the bourgeoisie estate
    • Finnish: Inter: t+ » fi|porvari


    Inter: trans-mi » d
    Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-top » capitalist
    • Finnish: Inter: t+ » fi|porvari


    Inter: trans-mi » d
    Inter: trans-botto » m

    Dutch

    Etymology

    Borrowed from Inter: etyl » fr|nl Inter: term » bourgeois|lang=fr.

    Noun

    Inter: nl-noun » m|bourgeois|bourgeoistje
  • bourgeois

    Related terms

    * bourgeoisie
    • burgerij


    French

    Etymology

    Inter: etyl » xno|fr Inter: term » burgeis||town dweller|lang=xno, from Inter: etyl » fro|fr Inter: term » borjois|lang=fro, from Inter: term » borc||town|lang=fro, from Inter: etyl » gem-pro|fr Inter: recons » burgz||fortress|lang=gem-pro, from Inter: etyl » ine-pro|fr Inter: recons » bʰrgʰ-||fortified elevation|lang=ine-pro. The path from Proto-Germanic to Old French is unclear. Perhaps via Frankish *burg or Late Latin *burgus, or possibly both, and probably through the Inter: etyl » LL.|fr intermediate Inter: term » burgensis|lang=la. Cf. Italian Inter: term » borghese|lang=it, Portuguese Inter: term » burguês|lang=pt, Spanish Inter: term » burgués|lang=es.

    Pronunciation

    * Inter: audio » Fr-bourgeois.ogg|audio

    Adjective

    Inter: fr-adj » mp=bourgeois
  • bourgeois

    Derived terms

    * bourgeoisement

    Noun

    Inter: fr-noun » m|plural=bourgeois|f=bourgeoise

  • member of the middle class
    1. bourgeois

      Synonyms

      * (slang) bourge

      Derived terms

      * bourgeoisie


    German

    Etymology

    From Inter: etyl » fr|de, itself from a Inter: etyl » gem|de origin.

    Adjective

    Inter: de-adj » bourgeoiser|bourgeoisesten
  • bourgeois

  • Translation: br » bourgeois
    Translation: de » bourgeois
    Translation: et » bourgeois
    Translation: el » bourgeois
    Translation: fr » bourgeois
    Translation: ko » bourgeois
    Translation: io » bourgeois
    Translation: hu » bourgeois
    Translation: mg » bourgeois
    Translation: ml » bourgeois
    Translation: my » bourgeois
    Translation: oc » bourgeois
    Translation: pl » bourgeois
    Translation: ru » bourgeois
    Translation: fi » bourgeois
    Translation: ta » bourgeois
    Translation: tr » bourgeois
    Translation: vi » bourgeois
    Translation: zh » bourgeois