Online Dictionary

breach of privilege Explained

Breach of privilege at English => English (Websters 1913) Of Explained:

Privilege \Priv"i*lege\, n. [F. privil[`e]ge, L. privilegium an
ordinance or law against or in favor of an individual; privus
private + lex, legis, law. See {Private}, and {Legal}.]
1. A peculiar benefit, advantage, or favor; a right or
immunity not enjoyed by others or by all; special
enjoyment of a good, or exemption from an evil or burden;
a prerogative; advantage; franchise.

He pleads the legal privilege of a Roman.

The privilege birthright was a double portion.

A people inheriting privileges, franchises, and
liberties. --Burke.

2. (Stockbroker's Cant) See {Call}, {Put}, {Spread}, etc.

{Breach of privilege}. See under {Breach}.

{Question of privilege} (Parliamentary practice), a question
which concerns the security of a member of a legislative
body in his special privileges as such.

{Water privilege}, the advantage of having machinery driven
by a stream, or a place affording such advantage. [ U. S.]

{Writ of privilege} (Law), a writ to deliver a privileged
person from custody when arrested in a civil suit.

Syn: Prerogative; immunity; franchise; right; claim; liberty.

Usage: {Privilege}, {Prerogative}. Privilege, among the
Romans, was something conferred upon an individual by
a private law; and hence, it denotes some peculiar
benefit or advantage, some right or immunity, not
enjoyed by the world at large. Prerogative, among the
Romans, was the right of voting first; and, hence, it
denotes a right of precedence, or of doing certain
acts, or enjoying certain privileges, to the exclusion
of others. It is the privilege of a member of Congress
not to be called in question elsewhere for words
uttered in debate. It is the prerogative of the
president to nominate judges and executive officers.
It is the privilege of a Christian child to be
instructed in the true religion. It is the prerogative
of a parent to govern and direct his children.

Breach \Breach\, n. [OE. breke, breche, AS. brice, gebrice,
gebrece (in comp.), fr. brecan to break; akin to Dan.
br[ae]k, MHG. breche, gap, breach. See {Break}, and cf.
{Brake} (the instrument), {Brack} a break] .
1. The act of breaking, in a figurative sense.

2. Specifically: A breaking or infraction of a law, or of any
obligation or tie; violation; non-fulfillment; as, a
breach of contract; a breach of promise.

3. A gap or opening made made by breaking or battering, as in
a wall or fortification; the space between the parts of a
solid body rent by violence; a break; a rupture.

Once more unto the breach, dear friends, once more;
Or close the wall up with our English dead. --Shak.

4. A breaking of waters, as over a vessel; the waters
themselves; surge; surf.

The Lord hath broken forth upon mine enemies before
me, as the breach of waters. --2 Sam. v.

{A clear breach} implies that the waves roll over the vessel
without breaking.

{A clean breach} implies that everything on deck is swept
away. --Ham. Nav. Encyc.

5. A breaking up of amicable relations; rupture.

There's fallen between him and my lord An unkind
breach. --Shak.

6. A bruise; a wound.

Breach for breach, eye for eye. --Lev. xxiv.

7. (Med.) A hernia; a rupture.

8. A breaking out upon; an assault.

The Lord had made a breach upon Uzza. --1. Chron.
xiii. 11?

{Breach of falth}, a breaking, or a failure to keep, an
expressed or implied promise; a betrayal of confidence or

{Breach of peace}, disorderly conduct, disturbing the public

{Breach of privilege}, an act or default in violation of the
privilege or either house of Parliament, of Congress, or
of a State legislature, as, for instance, by false
swearing before a committee. --Mozley. Abbott.

{Breach of promise}, violation of one's plighted word, esp.
of a promise to marry.

{Breach of trust}, violation of one's duty or faith in a
matter entrusted to one.

Syn: Rent; cleft; chasm; rift; aperture; gap; break;
disruption; fracture; rupture; infraction; infringement;
violation; quarrel; dispute; contention; difference;