Online Dictionary

buffer Explained

buffer at CMU American English spelling Of Explained:

['bʌfə]

buffer at English => English (English Etymology) Of Explained:

1835, from obsolete verb buff "make a dull sound when struck," from O.Fr. buffe "a blow;" hence "something that absorbs a blow." ///

buffer at English => English (Longman) Of Explained:

n [C] ----------//
1 protection:
2 railway:
3 buffer zone:
4 buffer state:
5 computer:
6 person:
7 for polishing:
8 run into/hit the buffers: ----------// [Sense: 1-5, 8; Date: 1800-1900; Origin: buff 'to hit or be hit softly' (16-19 centuries), probably from the sound.]// [Sense: 6; Date: 1700-1800; Origin: Origin unknown]// [Sense: 7; Date: 1800-1900; Origin: BUFF2]//
1 PROTECTION: someone or something that protects one thing or person from being harmed by another// buffer against// --Eastern Europe was important to Russia as a buffer against the West.// buffer between// --She often had to act as a buffer between father and son.//
2 RAILWAY: one of the two special metal springs on the front or back of a train or at the end of a railway track to take the shock if the train hits something//
3 buffer zone: an area between two armies, which is intended to separate them so that they do not fight//
4 buffer state: a smaller country between two larger countries, which makes war between them less likely//
5 COMPUTER: a place in a computer's memory for storing information temporarily//
6 PERSON: BrE old-fashioned an old man who is not good at managing things// --He's a nice old buffer.//
7 FOR POLISHING: something used to polish a surface//
8 run into/hit the buffers: informal an activity or plan that hits the buffers is stopped and does not succeed//
buffer 2 v [T]
1 to reduce the bad effects of something: --Consumer spending is buffering the effects of the recession.//
2 if a computer buffers information, it holds it for a short while before using it:

buffer at Afrikaans => English Of Explained:

ata Format [fi

buffer at Dutch => English Of Explained:

s chainingaddr

buffer at French => English Of Explained:

buffer

buffer at English => English (GNU/Linux) Of Explained:

Buffering/reblocking program for tape backups, printing, etc. Buffer implements double buffering and can be used to keep backup tapes streaming or printers printing. It can also be used to convert a data stream to a given output blocksize. Buffer uses shared memory to convert a variable input data rate to a constant output data rate. It is typically used in a pipe between a backup program and the tape device, but there are also other applications like buffering printer data in lpd's input filter. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/

buffer at English => English (The Britannica Concise) Of Explained:

Solution usually containing a weak acid and its conjugate weak base, or a salt, of such a composition that the pH is held constant within a certain range. An example is a solution containing acetic acid (CH3COOH) and the acetate ion (CH3COO-). The pH depends on their relative concentration and can be found with a simple formula involving their ratio. Relatively small additions of acid or base will change the concentration of the two species, but their ratio, and hence the pH, will not change much. Different buffers are useful in different pH ranges; they include phosphoric acid, citric acid, and boric acid, each with their salts. Biological fluids such as blood, tears, and semen have natural buffers to maintain them at the pH required for their proper function. See also law of mass action.

buffer at English => English (Moby Thesaurus II) Of Explained:

247 Moby Thesaurus words for "buffer":
T square, aegis, annul, antacid, antidote, arch dam, arm guard,
awl, backstop, bale breaker, bamboo curtain, bank, bar, barrage,
barrier, battering ram, bear-trap dam, beaver dam, bevel,
bevel square, bodkin, boom, bradawl, brattice, breakwater,
breastwork, brick wall, bring to nothing, buff, buffer state,
bulkhead, bulwark, bumper, calender, calipers, cancel, cancel out,
cant hook, caulking iron, center punch, chamois, cloison,
cofferdam, collision mat, come to nothing, contraceptive,
copyright, counteractant, counteractive, counteragent,
counterbalance, counterirritant, crash helmet, crowbar, cushion,
dam, dashboard, defense, diaphragm, dibble, dike, dissepiment,
ditch, dividers, dividing line, dividing wall, division, dodger,
drag, earthwork, edger, electric sander, electric soldering iron,
embankment, face mask, fence, fender, file, finger guard, flail,
foot guard, forceps, fork, frustrate, fuse, gate, glazer, goggles,
goose, governor, grader, grapnel, grappling iron, gravity dam,
grease gun, grindstone, groin, guard, guardrail, hand guard,
handrail, hard hat, harrow, hawk, helmet, hook, hydraulic-fill dam,
insulation, interlock, interseptum, invalidate, iron, iron curtain,
jack, jackscrew, jam, jetty, jointer, knee guard, knuckle guard,
laminated glass, lathe, leaping weir, levee, level, life preserver,
lifeline, lightning conductor, lightning rod, logjam, mangle, mask,
mat, midriff, midsection, milldam, miter box, moat, mole, mound,
mudguard, nail file, nail puller, negate, negativate, negative,
neutralize, neutralizer, nose guard, nullifier, nullify, offset,
pad, padding, palette knife, palladium, panel, parapet, paries,
partition, party wall, patent, peavey, pilot, pincers, pinch bar,
pitchfork, plane, planer, pliers, polisher, portcullis, press,
preventative, preventive, property line, prophylactic,
protective clothing, protective umbrella, puller, punch,
punch pliers, puncheon, putty knife, ram, rammer, rampart, ramrod,
remedy, ripping bar, roadblock, rock-fill dam, roller, rolling pin,
safeguard, safety, safety glass, safety plug, safety rail,
safety shoes, safety switch, safety valve, sander, screen,
screwdriver, seat belt, seawall, separation, septulum, septum,
shaper, shield, shin guard, shock pad, shutter dam, soldering iron,
spatula, square, stapler, steamroller, stone wall, stultify,
sun helmet, tackle, tamp, tamper, tamping pick, tap, thwart,
tire iron, tire tool, tongs, trowel, tweezers, umbrella, undo,
vise, vitiate, void, wall, weir, wicket dam, windscreen,
windshield, work, wrecking bar, wringer

buffer at Afrikaans => English Of Explained:

r, caveman, earlies

buffer at Croatian => English Of Explained:


buffer

buffer at Dutch => English Of Explained:

buffer [bɵfər]
buffer, bumper

buffer at English => English (Oxford Advanced Learners) Of Explained:

noun, verb
noun
1 ~ (against sth) | ~ (between sth and sth) a thing or person that reduces a shock or protects sb/sth against difficulties:
Support from family and friends acts as a buffer against stress. * She often had to act as a buffer between father and son. * a buffer state (= a small country between two powerful states that helps keep peace between them) * a buffer zone (= an area of land between two opposing armies or countries)
2 (BrE) one of two round metal devices on the front or end of a train, or at the end of a railway track, that reduce the shock if the train hits sth
3 (also old buffer) (old-fashioned, BrE) a silly old man
IDIOMS see HIT v.
verb [VN]
1 to reduce the harmful effects of sth:
to buffer the effects of stress on health
2 ~ sb (against sth) to protect sb from sth:
They tried to buffer themselves against problems and uncertainties.

Buffer at English => English (Websters 1913) Of Explained:

Buffer \Buff"er\ (b[u^]f"[~e]r), n. [Prop a striker. See
{Buffet} a blow.]
1. (Mech.)
(a) An elastic apparatus or fender, for deadening the jar
caused by the collision of bodies; as, a buffer at the
end of a railroad car.
(b) A pad or cushion forming the end of a fender, which
receives the blow; -- sometimes called {buffing
apparatus}.

2. One who polishes with a buff.

3. A wheel for buffing; a buff.

4. A good-humored, slow-witted fellow; -- usually said of an
elderly man. [Colloq.] --Dickens.

buffer at English => English (Computer) Of Explained:

; be on visiting terms (c with)
много им ходят на ГОСТи they entertain a great deal
елате ни на ГОСТи drop in to see usвж. гозбадобре/зле ГОСТЕН well/illвж. гостeating-house, (cheap) restaurant, innrestaurant-keeper, inn-keeper, landlordland-lady, inn-/restaurant-keeperстая drawing-room, parlourвж. гостоприеменhospitable
ГОСТОПРИЕМЕН съм keep орел door/househospitalily
оказвам ГОСТОПРИЕМСТВО на някого show hospitality to s.o., show s.o. hospitality, play host to s.o., entertain s.o.
оказва ми се ГОСТОПРИЕМСТВО receive hospitality
оказва ми се голямо ГОСТОПРИЕМСТВО be treated with great hospitality
злоупотребявам с ГОСТОПРИЕМСТВОто на някого outstay/wear out o.'s welcome1. stay (y with), visit (у at s.o.'s house), be on a visit (y to)

buffer at English => English (WordNet) Of Explained:

buffer
v 1: add a buffer (a solution); "buffered saline solution for the
eyes"
2: protect from impact; "cushion the blow" [syn: {cushion}, {soften}]

buffer
n 1: an ionic compound that resists changes in its pH
2: an inclined metal frame at the front of a locomotive to
clear the track [syn: {fender}, {cowcatcher}, {pilot}]
3: (computer science) a part of RAM used for temporary storage
of data that is waiting to be sent to a device; used to
compensate for differences in the rate of flow of data
between components of a computer system [syn: {buffer
storage}, {buffer store}]
4: a power tool used to buff surfaces [syn: {polisher}]
5: a cushion-like device that reduces shock due to contact
[syn: {fender}]
6: an implement consisting of soft material mounted on a block;
used for polishing (as in manicuring) [syn: {buff}]

buffer at English (WD) Of Explained:

==English==
Inter: wikipedia » dab=buffer

Etymology

Inter: suffix » buff|er
Inter: etystu » b

Pronunciation

* Inter: a » RP Inter: IPA » /ˈbʌfə(ɹ)/|ˈbɐfə(ɹ), Inter: X-SAMPA » /"bVf@(r)/|"b6f@(r\)
  • Inter: a » GenAm Inter: IPA » /ˈbʌfɚ/, Inter: X-SAMPA » /"bVf@`/
  • Inter: audio » en-us-buffer.ogg|Audio (US)
  • Inter: a » Australia Inter: IPA » /ˈbafə(ɹ)/|ˈbäfə(ɹ), Inter: X-SAMPA » /"baf@(r\)/|"ba_"f@(r\)
  • Inter: audio » en-au-buffer.ogg|Audio (Australia)
  • Inter: rhymes » ʌfə(r)

    Noun

    Inter: en-nou » n


  • Someone or something that buffs.
    1. Inter: chemistr » y A solution used to stabilize the pH (acidity) of a liquid.
    2. Inter: computin » g A portion of memory set aside to store data, often before it is sent to an external device or as it is received from an external device.
    3. (mechanical) Anything used to maintain slack or isolate different objects.
    4. Inter: telecommunication » s A routine or storage medium used to compensate for a difference in rate of flow of data, or time of occurrence of events, when transferring data from one device to another.
    5. Inter: rai » l A device on trains and carriages designed to cushion the impact between them.
    6. Inter: rai » l The metal barrier to help prevent trains from running off the end of the track.
    7. An isolating circuit, often an amplifier, used to minimize the influence of a driven circuit on the driving circuit.
    8. Inter: politics » international relations A buffer zone (such as a demilitarized zone) or a buffer state.
    9. Inter: colloquia » l A good-humoured, slow-witted fellow, usually an elderly man.
    10. : Inter: rfquotek » Dickens
    11. Inter: figurativ » e A gap that isolates or separates two things.
    12. Inter: quote-news »


    |year=2011
    |date=November 10
    |author=Jeremy Wilson
    |title= England Under 21 5 Iceland Under 21 0: match report
    |work=Telegraph
    |url=http://www.telegraph.co.uk/sport/football/teams/england/8882713/England-Under-21-5-Iceland-Under-21-0-match-report.html
    |page=
    |passage=An utterly emphatic 5-0 victory was ultimately capped by two wonder strikes in the last two minutes from Aston Villa midfielder Gary Gardner. Before that, England had utterly dominated to take another purposeful stride towards the 2013 European Championship in Israel. They have already established a five-point buffer at the top of Group Eight.

    Derived terms

    Inter: der-to » p
    • direct buffer


    Inter: der-mi » d
  • non-direct buffer

  • Inter: der-botto » m

    Translations

    Inter: trans-top » portion of memory in computing
    • Bulgarian: Inter: t- » bg|буфер|m|tr=búfer
    • Chinese:
    • : Mandarin: Inter: t » cmn|緩衝器|sc=Hani, Inter: t » cmn|缓冲器|tr=huǎnchōngqì|sc=Hani
    • Estonian: Inter: t- » et|puhver
    • Finnish: Inter: t+ » fi|puskuri
    • French: Inter: t+ » fr|tampon|m
    • German: Inter: t+ » de|Puffer|m
    • Greek: Inter: t- » el|ενδιάμεση μνήμη|f|tr=endiámesi mními|sc=Grek
    • Icelandic: Inter: t- » is|biðminni|n
    • Japanese: Inter: t- » ja|バッファ|tr=baffa|sc=Jpan, Inter: t- » ja|バッファー|tr=baffā|sc=Jpan


    Inter: trans-mi » d
  • Latin: Inter: t- » la|conditorium intermedium|n, Inter: t- » la|memoria intermedia|f
  • Norwegian:
  • : Bokmål: Inter: t- » nb|buffer|m
  • Persian: Inter: t- » fa|بافر|tr=bâfer|sc=fa-Arab
  • Polish: Inter: t- » pl|bufor|m
  • Portuguese: Inter: t- » pt|buffer|m
  • Russian: Inter: t+ » ru|буфер|m|tr=búfer|sc=Cyrl
  • Serbo-Croatian: Inter: t- » sh|međuspremnik|m
  • Swedish: Inter: t- » sv|buffert|c, Inter: t- » sv|buffertminne
  • Turkish: Inter: t+ » tr|arabellek

  • Inter: trans-botto » m

    Verb

    Inter: en-verb » buffer
  • To use a buffer or buffers; to isolate or minimize the effects of one thing on another.
    1. Inter: computin » g To store data in memory temporarily.

      Adjective

      buffer


  • Inter: comparative of » buff

    Related terms

    * bufferize
    • buffer lass
    • buffer up
    • buffer zone

      Anagrams

      * rebuff


    Category: Category:en:Operations -

    Italian

    Etymology

    Inter: etyl » en|it

    Noun

    Inter: wikipedia » Buffer (informatica)|lang=it
    Inter: head » it|noun Inter: m » inv
  • Inter: computing » lang=it buffer

    Synonyms

    * memoria tampone

  • Romansch

    Alternative forms

    * Inter: qualifier » Rumantsch Grischun|Sursilvan Inter: l » rm|buffar
    • Inter: qualifier » Sutsilvan Inter: l » rm|bufar
    • Inter: qualifier » Vallader Inter: l » rm|boffar

      Verb

      Inter: head » rm|verb


  • Inter: context » Puter|lang=rm to blow

    Synonyms

    * Inter: qualifier » Rumantsch Grischun|Sursilvan Inter: l » rm|sufflar
  • Inter: qualifier » Sutsilvan|Surmiran Inter: l » rm|zuflar
  • Inter: qualifier » Puter Inter: l » rm|zufler
  • Inter: qualifier » Vallader Inter: l » rm|sofflar

  • Translation: ar » buffer
    Translation: et » buffer
    Translation: el » buffer
    Translation: eo » buffer
    Translation: fa » buffer
    Translation: fr » buffer
    Translation: ko » buffer
    Translation: io » buffer
    Translation: id » buffer
    Translation: hu » buffer
    Translation: mg » buffer
    Translation: ml » buffer
    Translation: nl » buffer
    Translation: ja » buffer
    Translation: pl » buffer
    Category: simple:buffer -
    Translation: fi » buffer
    Translation: sv » buffer
    Translation: ta » buffer
    Translation: tr » buffer
    Translation: vi » buffer
    Translation: zh » buffer