Online Dictionary

bureaucracy Explained

bureaucracy at CMU American English spelling Of Explained:


bureaucracy at English => English (English Etymology) Of Explained:

1818, from Fr. (see bureau), with Gk. suffix -kratia denoting "power of;" coined by Fr. economist Jean Claude Marie Vincent de Gournay (1712-59). Bureaucrat is from 1842; bureaucratic is from 1836. ///

bureaucracy at English => English (Longman) Of Explained:

n plural bureaucracies // [Date: 1800-1900; Language: French; Origin: bureaucracie, from bureau ( BUREAU) + -cracie '-cracy']//
1 [U] a complicated official system which is annoying or confusing because it has a lot of rules, processes etc: red tape// --the reduction of unnecessary bureaucracy//
2 [U and C] the officials who are employed rather than elected to do the work of a government, business etc:

bureaucracy at English => English (The Britannica Concise) Of Explained:

Professional corps of officials organized in a pyramidal hierarchy and functioning under impersonal, uniform rules and procedures. Its characteristics were first formulated systematically by M. Weber, who saw in the bureaucratic organization a highly developed division of labor, authority based on administrative rules rather than personal allegiance or social custom, and a "rational" and impersonal institution whose members function more as "offices" than as individuals. For Weber, bureaucracy was a form of legalistic "domination" inevitable under capitalism. Later writers saw in bureaucracy a tendency to concentrate power at the top and become dictatorial, as occurred in the Soviet Union. R. Merton emphasized its red tape and inefficiency due to blind conformity to procedures. Recent theories have stressed the role of managerial cliques, occupational interest groups, or individual power-seekers in creating politicized organizations characterized by internal conflict.

bureaucracy at English => English (Moby Thesaurus II) Of Explained:

48 Moby Thesaurus words for "bureaucracy":
administration, authorities, beadledom, beat, beaten path,
bumbledom, bureaucratism, chinoiserie, daily grind, directorate,
government, grind, groove, hierarchy, higher echelons, higher-ups,
jog trot, management, ministry, official jargon, officialdom,
officialism, prelacy, red tape, red-tapeism, red-tapery, round,
routine, ruling class, ruling classes, run, rut, squirrel cage,
the Establishment, the administration, the authorities,
the ingroup, the interests, the people upstairs, the power elite,
the power structure, the top, them, they, top brass, track,
treadmill, well-worn groove

bureaucracy at English => English (Oxford Advanced Learners) Of Explained:

noun (plural bureaucracies)
1 [U] (often disapproving) the system of official rules and ways of doing things that a government or an organization has, especially when these seem to be too complicated:
unnecessary / excessive bureaucracy * We need to reduce paperwork and bureaucracy in the company.
2 [U, C] a system of government in which there are a large number of state officials who are not elected; a country with such a system:
the power of the state bureaucracy * living in a modern bureaucracy

BUREAUCRACY at English => English (Bouviers Law) Of Explained:

ilet by a person who is too ill to get out of bednoun
one of the four upright supports at the corners of a bed (especially an old type of bed with a wooden or metal frame)adjective
made wet, dirty or untidy by rain, mud, etc:
bedraggled hair / clothes * I barely recognized the bedraggled figure who staggered in from the storm.adje

Bureaucracy at English => English (Websters 1913) Of Explained:

Bureaucracy \Bu*reau"cra*cy\, n. [Bureau + Gr. ? to be strong,
to govern, ? strength: cf. F. bureaucratie.]
1. A system of carrying on the business of government by
means of departments or bureaus, each under the control of
a chief, in contradiction to a system in which the
officers of government have an associated authority and
responsibility; also, government conducted on this system.

2. Government officials, collectively.

bureaucracy at English => English (WordNet) Of Explained:

n : nonelective government officials [syn: {bureaucratism}]

bureaucracy at English (WD) Of Explained:


Alternative forms

* bureaucratie
  • bureau-ocracy


    Inter: suffix » bureau|cracy, from Inter: etyl » fr|en Inter: term » bureaucratie|lang=fr, coined by Category: w - :Jean Claude Marie Vincent de Gournay|Jean Claude Marie Vincent de Gournay (died 1759) from Inter: term » bureau|lang=fr||office + Inter: term » -cratie|lang=fr||rule of


    * Inter: a » UK Inter: IPA » /bjʊəˈrɒkrəsi/|lang=en
  • Inter: a » US Inter: IPA » /bjʊˈrɑːkrəsi/|lang=en


    Inter: en-noun » bureaucracies

  • Structure and regulations in place to control activity. Usually in large organizations and government operations.

    Related terms

    * bureaucrat
    • bureaucratic


      Inter: trans-top » structure and regulations in place to control activity
    • Catalan: Inter: t- » ca|burocràcia|f
    • Chinese: 官僚 (guānliáo)
    • Czech: Inter: t- » cs|byrokracie|f
    • Danish: Inter: t- » da|bureaukrati
    • Dutch: Inter: t+ » nl|bureaucratie|f
    • Estonian: Inter: t- » et|bürokraatia
    • Finnish: Inter: t+ » fi|byrokratia, Inter: t- » fi|hallintokoneisto
    • French: Inter: t+ » fr|bureaucratie|f
    • German: Inter: t+ » de|Bürokratie|f
    • Greek: Inter: t+ » el|γραφειοκρατία|f|tr=grafeiokratía|sc=Grek
    • Hebrew: ביורוקרטיה (biuroqrat'ia) {{f}}
    • Hungarian: Inter: t+ » hu|bürokrácia
    • Icelandic: skrifræði, skrifstofuveldi

    Inter: trans-mi » d
  • Irish: Inter: t- » ga|maorlathas|m
  • Japanese: 官僚制 (kanryōsei)
  • Macedonian: Inter: t- » mk|бирократија|f|tr=birokrátija
  • Malay: birokrasi
  • Norwegian: Inter: t- » no|byråkrati|n
  • Polish: Inter: t+ » pl|biurokracja|f
  • Portuguese: Inter: t+ » pt|burocracia|f
  • Russian: Inter: t+ » ru|бюрократия|f
  • Scots: Inter: tø » sco|bureaucracie
  • Spanish: Inter: t+ » es|burocracia|f
  • Swedish: byråkrati {{c}}
  • Telugu: అధికార వర్గం (adhikaara vargaM)
  • Turkish: Inter: t+ » tr|bürokrasi

  • Inter: trans-botto » m
    Translation: cs » bureaucracy
    Translation: et » bureaucracy
    Translation: el » bureaucracy
    Translation: fa » bureaucracy
    Translation: fr » bureaucracy
    Translation: ko » bureaucracy
    Translation: io » bureaucracy
    Translation: id » bureaucracy
    Translation: kn » bureaucracy
    Translation: hu » bureaucracy
    Translation: mk » bureaucracy
    Translation: ml » bureaucracy
    Translation: pl » bureaucracy
    Translation: fi » bureaucracy
    Translation: sv » bureaucracy
    Translation: ta » bureaucracy
    Translation: tr » bureaucracy
    Translation: vi » bureaucracy
    Translation: zh » bureaucracy