Online Dictionary

centaurea solstitialis Explained

Centaurea solstitialis at English => English (Websters 1913) Of Explained:

Saint \Saint\ (s[=a]nt), n. [F., fr. L. sanctus sacred, properly
p. p. of sancire to render sacred by a religious act, to
appoint as sacred; akin to sacer sacred. Cf. {Sacred},
{Sanctity}, {Sanctum}, {Sanctus}.]
1. A person sanctified; a holy or godly person; one eminent
for piety and virtue; any true Christian, as being
redeemed and consecrated to God.

Them that are sanctified in Christ Jesus, called to
be saints. --1 Cor. i. 2.

2. One of the blessed in heaven.

Then shall thy saints, unmixed, and from the impure
Far separate, circling thy holy mount, Unfeigned
hallelujahs to thee sing. --Milton.

3. (Eccl.) One canonized by the church. [Abbrev. St.]

{Saint Andrew's cross}.
(a) A cross shaped like the letter X. See Illust. 4, under
(b) (Bot.) A low North American shrub ({Ascyrum
Crux-Andre[ae]}, the petals of which have the form of
a Saint Andrew's cross. --Gray.

{Saint Anthony's cross}, a T-shaped cross. See Illust. 6,
under {Cross}.

{Saint Anthony's fire}, the erysipelas; -- popularly so
called because it was supposed to have been cured by the
intercession of Saint Anthony.

{Saint Anthony's nut} (Bot.), the groundnut ({Bunium
flexuosum}); -- so called because swine feed on it, and
St. Anthony was once a swineherd. --Dr. Prior.

{Saint Anthony's turnip} (Bot.), the bulbous crowfoot, a
favorite food of swine. --Dr. Prior.

{Saint Barnaby's thistle} (Bot.), a kind of knapweed
({Centaurea solstitialis}) flowering on St. Barnabas's
Day, June 11th. --Dr. Prior.

{Saint Bernard} (Zo["o]l.), a breed of large, handsome dogs
celebrated for strength and sagacity, formerly bred
chiefly at the Hospice of St. Bernard in Switzerland, but
now common in Europe and America. There are two races, the
smooth-haired and the rough-haired. See Illust. under

{Saint Catharine's flower} (Bot.), the plant love-in-a-mist.
See under {Love}.

{Saint Cuthbert's beads} (Paleon.), the fossil joints of
crinoid stems.

{Saint Dabeoc's heath} (Bot.), a heatherlike plant
({Dab[oe]cia polifolia}), named from an Irish saint.

{Saint Distaff's Day}. See under {Distaff}.

{Saint Elmo's fire}, a luminous, flamelike appearance,
sometimes seen in dark, tempestuous nights, at some
prominent point on a ship, particularly at the masthead
and the yardarms. It has also been observed on land, and
is due to the discharge of electricity from elevated or
pointed objects. A single flame is called a {Helena}, or a
{Corposant}; a double, or twin, flame is called a {Castor
and Pollux}, or a {double Corposant}. It takes its name
from St. Elmo, the patron saint of sailors.

{Saint George's cross} (Her.), a Greek cross gules upon a
field argent, the field being represented by a narrow
fimbriation in the ensign, or union jack, of Great

{Saint George's ensign}, a red cross on a white field with a
union jack in the upper corner next the mast. It is the
distinguishing badge of ships of the royal navy of
England; -- called also {the white ensign}. --Brande & C.

{Saint George's flag}, a smaller flag resembling the ensign,
but without the union jack; used as the sign of the
presence and command of an admiral. [Eng.] --Brande & C.

{Saint Gobain glass} (Chem.), a fine variety of soda-lime
plate glass, so called from St. Gobain in France, where it
was manufactured.

{Saint Ignatius's bean} (Bot.), the seed of a tree of the
Philippines ({Strychnos Ignatia}), of properties similar
to the nux vomica.

{Saint James's shell} (Zo["o]l.), a pecten ({Vola
Jacob[ae]us}) worn by pilgrims to the Holy Land. See
Illust. under {Scallop}.

{Saint James's-wort} (Bot.), a kind of ragwort ({Senecio

{Saint John's bread}. (Bot.) See {Carob}.

{Saint John's-wort} (Bot.), any plant of the genus
{Hypericum}, most species of which have yellow flowers; --
called also {John's-wort}.

{Saint Leger}, the name of a race for three-year-old horses
run annually in September at Doncaster, England; --
instituted in 1776 by Col. St. Leger.

{Saint Martin's herb} (Bot.), a small tropical American
violaceous plant ({Sauvagesia erecta}). It is very
mucilaginous and is used in medicine.

{Blazing star}, {Double star}, {Multiple star}, {Shooting
star}, etc. See under {Blazing}, {Double}, etc.

{Nebulous star} (Astron.), a small well-defined circular
nebula, having a bright nucleus at its center like a star.

{Star anise} (Bot.), any plant of the genus Illicium; -- so
called from its star-shaped capsules.

{Star apple} (Bot.), a tropical American tree ({Chrysophyllum
Cainito}), having a milky juice and oblong leaves with a
silky-golden pubescence beneath. It bears an applelike
fruit, the carpels of which present a starlike figure when
cut across. The name is extended to the whole genus of
about sixty species, and the natural order
({Sapotace[ae]}) to which it belongs is called the
Star-apple family.

{Star conner}, one who cons, or studies, the stars; an
astronomer or an astrologer. --Gascoigne.

{Star coral} (Zo["o]l.), any one of numerous species of stony
corals belonging to {Astr[ae]a}, {Orbicella}, and allied
genera, in which the calicles are round or polygonal and
contain conspicuous radiating septa.

{Star cucumber}. (Bot.) See under {Cucumber}.

{Star flower}. (Bot.)
(a) A plant of the genus {Ornithogalum};
(b) See {Starwort}
(b) .
(c) An American plant of the genus {Trientalis}
({Trientalis Americana}). --Gray.

{Star fort} (Fort.), a fort surrounded on the exterior with
projecting angles; -- whence the name.

{Star gauge} (Ordnance), a long rod, with adjustable points
projecting radially at its end, for measuring the size of
different parts of the bore of a gun.

{Star grass}. (Bot.)
(a) A small grasslike plant ({Hypoxis erecta}) having
star-shaped yellow flowers.
(b) The colicroot. See {Colicroot}.

{Star hyacinth} (Bot.), a bulbous plant of the genus {Scilla}
({S. autumnalis}); -- called also {star-headed hyacinth}.

{Star jelly} (Bot.), any one of several gelatinous plants
({Nostoc commune}, {N. edule}, etc.). See {Nostoc}.

{Star lizard}. (Zo["o]l.) Same as {Stellion}.

{Star-of-Bethlehem} (Bot.), a bulbous liliaceous plant
({Ornithogalum umbellatum}) having a small white starlike

{Star-of-the-earth} (Bot.), a plant of the genus {Plantago}
({P. coronopus}), growing upon the seashore.

{Star polygon} (Geom.), a polygon whose sides cut each other
so as to form a star-shaped figure.

{Stars and Stripes}, a popular name for the flag of the
United States, which consists of thirteen horizontal
stripes, alternately red and white, and a union having, in
a blue field, white stars to represent the several States,
one for each.

With the old flag, the true American flag, the
Eagle, and the Stars and Stripes, waving over the
chamber in which we sit. --D. Webster.

{Star showers}. See {Shooting star}, under {Shooting}.

{Star thistle} (Bot.), an annual composite plant ({Centaurea
solstitialis}) having the involucre armed with radiating

{Star wheel} (Mach.), a star-shaped disk, used as a kind of
ratchet wheel, in repeating watches and the feed motions
of some machines.

{Star worm} (Zo["o]l.), a gephyrean.

{Temporary star} (Astron.), a star which appears suddenly,
shines for a period, and then nearly or quite disappears.
These stars are supposed by some astronometers to be
variable stars of long and undetermined periods.

{Variable star} (Astron.), a star whose brilliancy varies
periodically, generally with regularity, but sometimes
irregularly; -- called {periodical star} when its changes
occur at fixed periods.

{Water star grass} (Bot.), an aquatic plant ({Schollera
graminea}) with small yellow starlike blossoms.

Centaurea solstitialis at English => English (WordNet) Of Explained:

Centaurea solstitialis
n : European weed having a winged stem and hairy leaves;
adventive in the eastern United States [syn: {Barnaby's
thistle}, {yellow star-thistle}]