Online Dictionary

centrifugal force Explained

centrifugal force at English => English (Longman) Of Explained:

n [U] [Date: 1700-1800; Language: Modern Latin; Origin: centrifugus, from centr- 'center' + Latin fugere ( FUGITIVE2)]// a force which makes things move away from the centre of something when they are moving around it//

centrifugal force at English => English (The Britannica Concise) Of Explained:

Fictitious force, peculiar to circular motion, that is equal but opposite to the centripetal force that keeps a particle on a circular path (see centripetal acceleration). For example, a stone attached to a string and whirling in a horizontal circular path is accelerated toward the center of its path by the tension in the string, the only force acting on the string. However, in a reference frame at rest with the stone, another force--the centrifugal force--must be introduced for Newton's laws of motion to apply. Centrifugal force is a useful concept in analyzing behavior in rotating systems.

centrifugal force at English => English (Oxford Advanced Learners) Of Explained:

noun
(physics) a force that appears to cause an object travelling around a centre to fly outwards and away from its circular path

Centrifugal force at English => English (Websters 1913) Of Explained:

Force \Force\, n. [F. force, LL. forcia, fortia, fr. L. fortis
strong. See {Fort}, n.]
1. Strength or energy of body or mind; active power; vigor;
might; often, an unusual degree of strength or energy;
capacity of exercising an influence or producing an
effect; especially, power to persuade, or convince, or
impose obligation; pertinency; validity; special
signification; as, the force of an appeal, an argument, a
contract, or a term.

He was, in the full force of the words, a good man.
--Macaulay.

2. Power exerted against will or consent; compulsory power;
violence; coercion.

Which now they hold by force, and not by right.
--Shak.

3. Strength or power for war; hence, a body of land or naval
combatants, with their appurtenances, ready for action; --
an armament; troops; warlike array; -- often in the
plural; hence, a body of men prepared for action in other
ways; as, the laboring force of a plantation.

Is Lucius general of the forces? --Shak.

4. (Law)
(a) Strength or power exercised without law, or contrary
to law, upon persons or things; violence.
(b) Validity; efficacy. --Burrill.

5. (Physics) Any action between two bodies which changes, or
tends to change, their relative condition as to rest or
motion; or, more generally, which changes, or tends to
change, any physical relation between them, whether
mechanical, thermal, chemical, electrical, magnetic, or of
any other kind; as, the force of gravity; cohesive force;
centrifugal force.

{Animal force} (Physiol.), muscular force or energy.

{Catabiotic force} [Gr. ? down (intens.) + ? life.] (Biol.),
the influence exerted by living structures on adjoining
cells, by which the latter are developed in harmony with
the primary structures.

{Centrifugal force}, {Centripetal force}, {Coercive force},
etc. See under {Centrifugal}, {Centripetal}, etc.

{Composition of forces}, {Correlation of forces}, etc. See
under {Composition}, {Correlation}, etc.

{Force and arms} [trans. of L. vi et armis] (Law), an
expression in old indictments, signifying violence.

{In force}, or {Of force}, of unimpaired efficacy; valid; of
full virtue; not suspended or reversed. ``A testament is
of force after men are dead.'' --Heb. ix. 17.

{Metabolic force} (Physiol.), the influence which causes and
controls the metabolism of the body.

{No force}, no matter of urgency or consequence; no account;
hence, to do no force, to make no account of; not to heed.
[Obs.] --Chaucer.

{Of force}, of necessity; unavoidably; imperatively. ``Good
reasons must, of force, give place to better.'' --Shak.

{Plastic force} (Physiol.), the force which presumably acts
in the growth and repair of the tissues.

{Vital force} (Physiol.), that force or power which is
inherent in organization; that form of energy which is the
cause of the vital phenomena of the body, as distinguished
from the physical forces generally known.

Syn: Strength; vigor; might; energy; stress; vehemence;
violence; compulsion; coaction; constraint; coercion.

Usage: {Force}, {Strength}. Strength looks rather to power as
an inward capability or energy. Thus we speak of the
strength of timber, bodily strength, mental strength,
strength of emotion, etc. Force, on the other hand,
looks more to the outward; as, the force of
gravitation, force of circumstances, force of habit,
etc. We do, indeed, speak of strength of will and
force of will; but even here the former may lean
toward the internal tenacity of purpose, and the
latter toward the outward expression of it in action.
But, though the two words do in a few cases touch thus
closely on each other, there is, on the whole, a
marked distinction in our use of force and strength.
``Force is the name given, in mechanical science, to
whatever produces, or can produce, motion.'' --Nichol.

Thy tears are of no force to mollify This flinty
man. --Heywood.

More huge in strength than wise in works he was.
--Spenser.

Adam and first matron Eve Had ended now their
orisons, and found Strength added from above,
new hope to spring Out of despair. --Milton.

Centrifugal \Cen*trif"u*gal\, a. [L. centrum center + fugere to
flee.]
1. Tending, or causing, to recede from the center.

2. (Bot.)
(a) Expanding first at the summit, and later at the base,
as a flower cluster.
(b) Having the radicle turned toward the sides of the
fruit, as some embryos.

{Centrifugal force} (Mech.), a force whose direction is from
a center.

Note: When a body moves in a circle with uniform velocity, a
force must act on the body to keep it in the circle
without change of velocity. The direction of this force
is towards the center of the circle. If this force is
applied by means of a string to the body, the string
will be in a state of tension. To a person holding the
other end of the string, this tension will appear to be
directed toward the body as if the body had a tendency
to move away from the center of the circle which it is
describing. Hence this latter force is often called
centrifugal force. The force which really acts on the
body being directed towards the center of the circle is
called centripetal force, and in some popular treatises
the centripetal and centrifugal forces are described as
opposing and balancing each other. But they are merely
the different aspects of the same stress. --Clerk
Maxwell.

{Centrifugal impression} (Physiol.), an impression (motor)
sent from a nerve center outwards to a muscle or muscles
by which motion is produced.

{Centrifugal machine}, A machine for expelling water or other
fluids from moist substances, or for separating liquids of
different densities by centrifugal action; a whirling
table.

{Centrifugal pump}, a machine in which water or other fluid
is lifted and discharged through a pipe by the energy
imparted by a wheel or blades revolving in a fixed case.
Some of the largest and most powerful pumps are of this
kind.

centrifugal force at English => English (WordNet) Of Explained:

centrifugal force
n : the outward force on a body moving in a curved path around
another body [ant: {centripetal force}]

centrifugal force at English (WD) Of Explained:

==English==
Inter: wikipedi » a

Noun

Inter: en-noun » head=centrifugal force
  • in everyday understanding, centrifugal force is the effect that tends to move an object away from the center of a circle it is rotating about (a consequence of inertia).
    1. Inter: physic » s: In a rotating reference frame, the apparent force that seems to push all bodies away from the centre of rotation of the frame and is a consequence of the body's mass and the frame's angular speed. It works in conjunction with the Coriolis force to give correct motion.
    2. Inter: physic » s: In circular motion, the 'reactive' centrifugal force is a real force applied by the accelerating body that is equal and opposite to the centripetal force that is acting on the accelerating body.
    3. Inter: physic » s: In polar coordinates, the apparent radial force that acts away from the center and is a consequence of the body's angular speed around the origin.

      Translations

      Inter: trans-top » a force

  • Chinese:
  • : Inter: ttbc » cmn: Inter: t » cmn|離心力|sc=Hani
  • Czech: Inter: t- » cs|odstředivá síla|f
  • Finnish: Inter: t- » fi|keskipakoisvoima
  • French: Inter: t- » fr|force centrifuge|f
  • German: Zentrifugalkraft {{f}}
  • Hungarian: Inter: t+ » hu|centrifugális erő
  • Icelandic: Inter: t- » is|miðflóttakraftur|m

  • Inter: trans-mi » d
    • Irish: Inter: t- » ga|fórsa lártheifeach|m
    • Norwegian:
    • : Bokmål: Inter: t- » no|sentrifugalkraft|m|f
    • : Nynorsk: Inter: t- » nn|sentrifugalkraft|f
    • Russian: Inter: t- » ru|центробежная сила
    • Spanish: Inter: t- » es|fuerza centrífuga|f
    • Swedish: Inter: t- » sv|centrifugalkraft|c


    Inter: trans-botto » m
    Translation: et » centrifugal force
    Translation: ko » centrifugal force
    Translation: id » centrifugal force
    Translation: it » centrifugal force
    Translation: kn » centrifugal force
    Translation: hu » centrifugal force
    Translation: ja » centrifugal force
    Translation: pl » centrifugal force
    Translation: ta » centrifugal force
    Translation: zh » centrifugal force