Online Dictionary

certain Explained

certain at CMU American English spelling Of Explained:

['sə:tən]

certain at English => English (English Etymology) Of Explained:

1297, "determined, fixed," from O.Fr. certain, from V.L. *certanus, from L. certus "sure, fixed," originally a variant pp. of cernere "to distinguish, decide," originally "to sift, separate." Certainer, certainest were common to c.1750, but have fallen from proper use for some reason. ///

certain at English => English (Longman) Of Explained:

adj [Date: 1200-1300; Language: Old French; Origin: Vulgar Latin certanus, from Latin certus 'decided, certain', from cernere 'to sift, decide']//
1 [not before noun] confident and sure, without any doubts: sure// certain (that)// --I'm absolutely certain that I left the keys in the kitchen.// --I felt certain that I'd passed the test.// certain who/what/how etc// --I'm not certain when it will be ready.// certain about/of// --Now, are you certain about that?// --They were watching him. He was certain of it.//
2 if something is certain, it will definitely happen or is definitely true: -- It now seems certain that there will be an election in May.// --Many people look certain to lose their jobs. // --It is wise to apply early to be certain of obtaining a place.// -- It's not certain where he lived.// -- His re-election was considered virtually certain .// -- It is by no means certain that the deal will be accepted. // -- If they stayed in the war zone they would face certain death .//
3 make certain: a) to check that something is correct or true// make sure// make certain (that)// --We need to make certain that it's going to fit first.// b) to do something in order to be sure that something will happen// make sure// make certain (that)// --Secure the edges firmly to make certain that no moisture can get in.//
4 for certain: without doubt// for sure// know/say (sth) for certain // --I know for certain it's in here somewhere.// that's/one thing's for certain // --One thing's for certain, he won't be back.//
5 [only before noun] used to talk about a particular person, thing, group of things etc without naming them or describing them exactly: --The library's only open at certain times of day.// --I promised to be in a certain place by lunchtime.// --There are certain things I just can't discuss with my mother.// certain kind/type/sort // --the expectation of a certain kind of behaviour// in certain circumstances/cases etc // --Extra funding may be available in certain circumstances.//
6 a certain: a) used to say that an amount is not great// --You may need to do a certain amount of work in the evenings.// to a certain extent/degree (=partly, but not completely) // --I do agree with his ideas to a certain extent.// b) enough of a particular quality to be noticed// --There's a certain prestige about going to a private school.// c) formal used to talk about someone you do not know but whose name you have been told// --a certain Mr Franks// ----------// COLLOCATES for sense 2 // it is/seems certain (that) // be/appear/look/seem certain to do something // be certain of (doing) something // it is not certain whether/how etc // almost/virtually/practically certain // fairly certain // by no means certain/far from certain (=not definite) // certain death // ----------//
certain 2 pron certain of sb/sth// formal particular people or things in a group// --Certain of the payments were made on Mr Maxwell's authority.//

certain at French => English Of Explained:

certain, sure

certain at English => English (Moby Thesaurus II) Of Explained:

286 Moby Thesaurus words for "certain":
a, a certain, absolute, accurate, actual, adducible, admissible,
agape, agog, all agog, an, anticipant, anticipating, anticipative,
anticipatory, any, any one, apodictic, ascertained, assured,
atomic, attestative, attested, attestive, authentic, authenticated,
awaiting, based on, believing, bound, categorically true,
certified, changeless, circumstantial, clear, clear and distinct,
clear as day, cocksure, composite, conclusive, concrete, confident,
confirmable, confirmed, constant, convinced, convincing,
corroborated, covered, credible, cumulative, damning, decided,
decisive, defined, definite, demonstrable, demonstrated,
dependable, destined, detailed, determinate, determinative,
determined, devout, different, distinct, distinguished, divers,
documentary, documented, dogmatic, doubtless, eager, effectual,
either, ensured, esoteric, especial, established, evidential,
evidentiary, ex parte, exceptional, exclusive, expectant,
expecting, express, extraordinary, eye-witness, factual, faithful,
fated, fateful, fideistic, final, firm, firsthand, fixed,
forearmed, forestalling, forewarned, founded on, gaping,
grounded on, guaranteed, hearsay, historical, hopeful, implicit,
impressed with, in anticipation, in expectation, in the cards,
incontestable, incontrovertible, indefeasible, indicative,
indisputable, individual, indivisible, indubitable, ineluctable,
ineludible, inescapable, inevasible, inevitable, inexorable,
infallible, inflexible, inner, insured, integral, intimate,
invariable, irreducible, irrefutable, irresistible, irrevocable,
lone, looking for, looking forward to, many, material, measured,
minute, monadic, monistic, more, more than one, necessary,
not in error, not singular, not surprised, noteworthy, numerous,
nuncupative, objectively true, one, optimistic, overwhelming,
particular, perfectly sure, permanent, personal, persuaded,
pietistic, pious, pistic, plausible, plural, pluralistic,
plurative, positive, precise, predestined, predetermined, prepared,
presumptive, private, probative, provable, proved, quantified,
quantitative, quantitive, quantized, ready, real, relentless,
reliable, resistless, respective, sanguine, satisfied, secure,
secured, set, settled, several, significant, simple, single,
singular, sold on, sole, solid, solipsistic, solitary, some,
special, specific, stable, standard, stated, steady, stipulated,
substantiated, suggestive, sundry, sure, sure as death,
sure as fate, sure-enough, surefire, symptomatic, telling,
traditional, true, true as gospel, trustworthy, truthful,
unalterable, unambiguous, unanalyzable, unavoidable, unchanging,
unconfuted, uncontestable, uncontrollable, undeflectable,
undeniable, undenied, under the impression, undisputed, undivided,
undoubted, undoubtful, undoubting, unequivocal, unerring,
unerroneous, unevadable, unfailing, unfallacious, unfalse, uniform,
unique, unitary, univocal, unmistakable, unmistaken, unnamed,
unpreventable, unquestionable, unquestioned, unrefuted,
unspecified, unstoppable, unsurprised, unyielding, valid,
validated, various, veracious, verifiable, verified, veritable,
waiting, waiting for, warranted, watching for, weighty,
well-grounded, whole, written

certain at French => English Of Explained:

fromabverlangend [apfɛrlaŋənt]

certain at English => English (Oxford Advanced Learners) Of Explained:

adjective, pronoun
adjective
1 ~ (that ...) | ~ (to do sth) | ~ (of sth / of doing sth) that you can rely on to happen or to be true:
It is certain that they will agree / They are certain to agree. * She looks certain to win an Oscar. * The climbers face certain death if the rescue today is unsuccessful. * If you want to be certain of getting a ticket, book now. -> SURE
2 ~ (that ...) | ~ (of / about sth) firmly believing sth; having no doubts:
She wasn't certain (that) he had seen her. * Are you absolutely certain about this? * I'm not certain who was there. * To my certain knowledge he was somewhere else at the time (= I am sure about it).
3 used to mention a particular thing, person or group without giving any more details about it or them:
For certain personal reasons I shall not be able to attend. * Certain people might disagree with this. * They refused to release their hostages unless certain conditions were met.
4 (formal) used when mentioning a person who has been named, but who is not known:
It was a certain Dr Davis who performed the operation.
5 slight; noticeable, but difficult to describe:
That's true, to a certain extent. * I felt there was a certain coldness in her manner.
IDIOMS
for certain without doubt:
I can't say for certain when we'll arrive.
make certain (that ...) to find out whether sth is definitely true:
I think there's a bus at 8 but you'd better call to make certain.
make certain of sth / of doing sth to do sth in order to be sure that sth else will happen:
You'll have to leave soon to make certain of getting there on time.
pronoun (certain of ...) (formal) used for talking about some members of a group of people or things without giving their names:
Certain of those present were unwilling to discuss the matter further.

Certain at English => English (Websters 1913) Of Explained:

Certain \Cer"tain\, a. [F. certain, fr. (assumed) LL. certanus,
fr. L. certus determined, fixed, certain, orig. p. p. of
cernere to perceive, decide, determine; akin to Gr. ? to
decide, separate, and to E. concern, critic, crime, riddle a
sieve, rinse, v.]
1. Assured in mind; having no doubts; free from suspicions
concerning.

To make her certain of the sad event. --Dryden.

I myself am certain of you. --Wyclif.

2. Determined; resolved; -- used with an infinitive.

However, I with thee have fixed my lot, Certain to
undergo like doom. --Milton.

3. Not to be doubted or denied; established as a fact.

The dream is certain, and the interpretation thereof
sure. --Dan. ii. 45.

4. Actually existing; sure to happen; inevitable.

Virtue that directs our ways Through certain dangers
to uncertain praise. --Dryden.

Death, as the Psalmist saith, is certain to all.
--Shak.

5. Unfailing; infallible.

I have often wished that I knew as certain a remedy
for any other distemper. --Mead.

6. Fixed or stated; regular; determinate.

The people go out and gather a certain rate every
day. --Ex. xvi. 4.

7. Not specifically named; indeterminate; indefinite; one or
some; -- sometimes used independenty as a noun, and
meaning certain persons.

It came to pass when he was in a certain city.
--Luke. v. 12.

About everything he wrote there was a certain
natural grace und decorum. --Macaulay.

{For certain}, assuredly.

{Of a certain}, certainly.

Syn: Bound; sure; true; undeniable; unquestionable;
undoubted; plain; indubitable; indisputable;
incontrovertible; unhesitating; undoubting; fixed;
stated.

Certain \Cer"tain\, n.
1. Certainty. [Obs.] --Gower.

2. A certain number or quantity. [Obs.] --Chaucer.

Certain \Cer"tain\, adv.
Certainly. [Obs.] --Milton.

certain at English => English (WordNet) Of Explained:

certain
adj 1: definite but not specified or identified; "set aside a
certain sum each week"; "to a certain degree";
"certain breeds do not make good pets"; "certain
members have not paid their dues"; "a certain popular
teacher"; "a certain Mrs. Jones" [syn: {certain(a)}]
2: having or feeling no doubt or uncertainty; confident and
assured; "felt certain of success"; "was sure (or certain)
she had seen it"; "was very sure in his beliefs"; "sure of
her friends" [syn: {certain(p)}, {sure}] [ant: {uncertain},
{uncertain}]
3: established beyond doubt or question; definitely known;
"what is certain is that every effect must have a cause";
"it is certain that they were on the bus"; "his fate is
certain"; "the date for the invasion is certain" [syn: {certain(p)}]
[ant: {uncertain}]
4: certain to occur; destined or inevitable; "he was certain to
fail"; "his fate is certain"; "In this life nothing is
certain but death and taxes"- Benjamin Franklin; "he faced
certain death"; "sudden but sure regret"; "he is sure to
win" [syn: {sure}] [ant: {uncertain}]
5: established irrevocably; "his fate is sealed" [syn: {sealed}]
[ant: {unsealed}]
6: capable of being depended on; "a quick and certain remedy";
"a sure way to distinguish the two"; "wood dust is a sure
sign of termites" [syn: {sure}]
7: exercising or taking care great enough to bring assurance;
"be certain to disconnect the iron when you are through";
"be sure to lock the doors" [syn: {sure}]

certain at English (WD) Of Explained:

==English==

Etymology

From Inter: etyl » enm Inter: term » certain||lang=enm, Inter: term » certein||lang=enm, from Inter: etyl » fro Inter: term » certain||lang=fro, from Inter: etyl » VL.|en unattested form Inter: recons » certanus|certānus|lang=VL., extended form of Inter: etyl » la|en Inter: term » certus||fixed, resolved, certain|lang=la, of the same origin as Inter: term » cretus, past participle of Inter: term » cernere||to separate, perceive, decide. Displaced native Inter: etyl » enm|- Inter: term » wis|lang=ang, Inter: term » iwis||lang=ang|certain, sure (from Inter: etyl » ang|-, Inter: term » ġewiss||lang=ang|certain, sure and alternative Inter: etyl » enm|- spelling Inter: term » sertane||lang=enm|some, certain

Pronunciation

* Inter: a » RP Inter: IPA » /ˈsɜːtn̩/, Inter: X-SAMPA » /"s3:tn=/
  • Inter: a » GenAm Inter: IPA » /ˈsɝtn̩/, Inter: X-SAMPA » /"s3`tn=/
  • Inter: a » Canada Inter: IPA » /ˈsɝtən/|/ˈsɝtn̩/, Inter: X-SAMPA » /"s3`t@n/|/"s3`tn=
  • Inter: audio » En-ca-certain.ogg|Audio (CA)
  • Inter: audio » en-us-certain.ogg|Audio (US)
  • Inter: rhymes » ɜː(r)tən
  • Inter: hyphenation » cer|tain

    Adjective

    Inter: wikipedi » a

  • Inter: en-ad » j
  • Sure, positive, not doubting.
    1. : I was certain of my decision.

      Synonyms

      * See also Category: Wikisaurus:certain -

      Antonyms

      * uncertain

      Derived terms

      * certainly Inter: pos_ad » v

      Related terms

      * certainty Inter: pos_ » n

      Translations

      Inter: trans-top » sure, positive, not doubting

  • Arabic: Inter: t- » ar|أكيد|tr='akiid, Inter: qualifier » said of a person Inter: t- » ar|متأكد|tr=muta'akkid
  • Bulgarian: Inter: t+ » bg|сигурен, Inter: t+ » bg|уверен
  • Chamicuro: Inter: tø » ccc|akachelo'ta
  • Chinese:
  • : Mandarin: Inter: t » cmn|肯定|tr=kěndìng|sc=Hani, Inter: t » cmn|確切|sc=Hani, Inter: t » cmn|确切|tr=quèqiè|sc=Hani, Inter: t- » cmn|一定|tr=yīdìng|sc=Hani
  • Czech: Inter: t+ » cs|jistý|m
  • Danish: Inter: t+ » da|sikker|c, Inter: t+ » da|sikkert|n, Inter: t- » da|sikre|p
  • Dutch: Inter: t+ » nl|zeker
  • Finnish: Inter: t+ » fi|varma
  • French: Inter: t+ » fr|certain
  • German: Inter: t+ » de|sicher
  • Greek: Inter: t+ » el|βέβαιος|m (vévaios)
  • Icelandic: Inter: t+ » is|viss|m, Inter: t+ » is|öruggur|m
  • Irish: Inter: t- » ga|cinnte, Inter: t- » ga|dearfa, Inter: t- » ga|deimhin
  • Italian: Inter: t+ » it|certo

  • Inter: trans-mi » d
    • Japanese: Inter: t+ » ja|確か|tr=tashika, Inter: t+ » ja|一定|tr=ittei, Inter: t- » ja|定か|tr=sadaka, Inter: qualifier » + -の -no Inter: t+ » ja|特定|tr=tokutei
    • Latin: Inter: t- » la|certus
    • Norwegian: Inter: t+ » no|sikker, Inter: t+ » no|viss
    • Oriya: Inter: t+ » or|ନିର୍ଦ୍ଦିଷ୍ଟ|sc=Orya
    • Polish: Inter: t+ » pl|pewny|m
    • Portuguese: Inter: t+ » pt|certo
    • Romanian: Inter: t+ » ro|cert, Inter: t- » ro|anume
    • Russian: Inter: t+ » ru|уверенный|tr=uvérennyj, Inter: qualifier » of a fact Inter: t+ » ru|определённый|tr=opredeljónnyj
    • Scottish Gaelic: Inter: t- » gd|cinnteach, Inter: t- » gd|deimhinne
    • Serbo-Croatian: Inter: t- » sh|siguran|alt=sȉgūran
    • Slovene: Inter: t- » sl|gotov
    • Spanish: Inter: t+ » es|cierto
    • Swedish: Inter: t+ » sv|säker|c, Inter: t+ » sv|säkert|n, Inter: t+ » sv|säkra|p
    • Thai: Inter: t+ » th|แน่นอน
    • Turkish: Inter: t+ » tr|kesin


    Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: checktrans-to » p
    • Inter: ttbc » io: certa (1), certena (2)
    • Inter: ttbc » id: tertentu, yakin, merasa pasti
    • Inter: ttbc » te: నిశ్చయం (niScayam)


    Inter: trans-botto » m

    Determiner

    Inter: en-de » t
  • Having been determined but unspecified. The quality of some particular subject or object which is known by the speaker to have been specifically singled out among similar entities of its class.
    1. : Certain people are good at running.

      Translations

      Inter: trans-top » having been determined but unspecified

  • Arabic: Inter: t- » ar|محدّد|tr=muhaddad
  • Bulgarian: Inter: t+ » bg|определен
  • Chinese:
  • : Mandarin: Inter: t- » cmn|某|tr=mǒu|sc=Hani, Inter: t- » cmn|有的|tr=yǒude|sc=Hani
  • Czech: Inter: t+ » cs|jistý|m, Inter: t+ » cs|určitý|m
  • Dalmatian: Inter: tø » dlm|ciart
  • Danish: Inter: t+ » da|vis|c, Inter: t- » da|vist|n, Inter: t- » da|visse|p
  • Finnish: Inter: t+ » fi|tietty, Inter: t+ » fi|muuan
  • French: Inter: t+ » fr|certain
  • German: Inter: t+ » de|bestimmt, Inter: t+ » de|gewiss
  • Icelandic: Inter: t+ » is|ákveðinn|m, Inter: t+ » is|viss|m

  • Inter: trans-mi » d
    • Japanese: Inter: t+ » ja|ある|tr=aru, Inter: t- » ja|とある|tr=toaru|sc=Jpan
    • Latin: Inter: t+ » la|quidam|alt=quīdam
    • Norwegian: Inter: t+ » no|viss|m|f, Inter: t+ » no|visst|n, Inter: t- » no|visse|p, Inter: t+ » no|enkelte
    • Portuguese: Inter: t+ » pt|certo|m
    • Romanian: Inter: t+ » ro|anumit
    • Russian: Inter: t+ » ru|некоторый|tr=nékotoryj|sc=Cyrl, Inter: t+ » ru|определённый|tr=opredeljónnyj|sc=Cyrl, Inter: t+ » ru|некий|tr=nékij|sc=Cyrl
    • Serbo-Croatian: Inter: t- » sh|određen|alt=òdrēđen, Inter: t- » sh|neki|alt=nȅkī
    • Spanish: Inter: t+ » es|cierto|m, Inter: t- » es|cierta|f
    • Swedish: Inter: t+ » sv|viss|c, Inter: t+ » sv|visst|n, Inter: t+ » sv|vissa|p
    • Turkish: Inter: t+ » tr|belli


    Inter: trans-botto » m

    Statistics

    * Inter: rank » often|themselves|half|269|certain|sent|keep|myself

    External links

    * Inter: R:Webster 191 » 3
  • Inter: R:Century 191 » 1

    Anagrams

    * tacrine
  • tercian

  • Category: Category:1000 English basic words -

    French

    Etymology

    From Inter: etyl » fro|fr Inter: term » certain|lang=fro, from Inter: etyl » VL.|fr unattested form Inter: recons » certanus|certānus|lang=VL., extended form of Inter: etyl » la|fr Inter: term » certus||fixed, resolved, certain|lang=la.

    Pronunciation

    * Inter: IPA » lang=fr|/sɛʁ.tɛ̃/
    • Inter: audio » Fr-certain.ogg|Audio

      Adjective

      Inter: fr-ad » j


  • certain Inter: gloss » sure, positive
    1. : Il est certain quil viendra.''
    2. :: It is certain that he will arrive.
    3. certain Inter: gloss » fixed, determined
    4. certain Inter: gloss » specified, particular

      Noun

      Inter: fr-noun » m


  • Inter: l » en|certain; certainty

    Related terms

    * certainement
    • certitude
    • incertain

      Anagrams

      * carient, centrai, cernait, crainte, criante, écriant, encirât, encrait


    Old French

    Alternative forms

    * Inter: qualifier » Picard dialect chertain

    Adjective

    Inter: head » fro|adjective
  • Inter: l » en|certain; sure

    Synonyms

    * seür

    Declension

    Inter: fro-decl-ad » j

    Descendants

    * English: certain
    • French: Inter: l » fr|certain


    Translation: ar » certain
    Translation: cs » certain
    Translation: de » certain
    Translation: et » certain
    Translation: el » certain
    Translation: es » certain
    Translation: fr » certain
    Translation: gl » certain
    Translation: ko » certain
    Translation: hy » certain
    Translation: io » certain
    Translation: it » certain
    Translation: kn » certain
    Translation: sw » certain
    Translation: ku » certain
    Translation: lo » certain
    Translation: li » certain
    Translation: hu » certain
    Translation: mg » certain
    Translation: ml » certain
    Translation: my » certain
    Translation: fj » certain
    Translation: nl » certain
    Translation: ja » certain
    Translation: no » certain
    Translation: or » certain
    Translation: pl » certain
    Translation: pt » certain
    Translation: ru » certain
    Category: simple:certain -
    Translation: fi » certain
    Translation: sv » certain
    Translation: ta » certain
    Translation: te » certain
    Translation: th » certain
    Translation: tr » certain
    Translation: vi » certain
    Translation: zh » certain

  • cèrtain at English (WD) Of Explained:

    Inter: also » certain

    Jèrriais

    Etymology

    From Inter: etyl » fro|roa-jer|sort=certain Inter: term » certain|lang=fro, from Inter: etyl » VL.|roa-jer|sort=certain unattested form Inter: recons » certanus|certānus|lang=VL., extended form of Inter: etyl » la|roa-jer|sort=certain Inter: term » certus||fixed, resolved, certain|lang=la.

    Adjective

    Inter: roa-jer-adj » sort=certain
  • certain