Online Dictionary

chalk Explained

chalk at CMU American English spelling Of Explained:

[tʃɔk]

chalk at English => English (English Etymology) Of Explained:

O.E. cealc, W.Gmc. borrowing from L. calx "limestone, lime," from Gk. khalix "small pebble." In most Gmc. languages still with the "limestone" sense, but in Eng. transferred to the opaque, white, soft limestone found abundantly in the south of the island. ///

chalk at English => English (Longman) Of Explained:

n [U] [Language: Old English; Origin: cealc, from Latin calx ' LIME12', from Greek chalix 'small stone']//
1 soft white or grey rock formed a long time ago from the shells of small sea animals: limestone// --chalk cliffs//
2 also chalks : [plural] small sticks of a white or coloured substance like soft rock, used for writing or drawing// --a box of coloured chalks// --a piece of chalk// --writing in chalk on the blackboard//
3 chalk and cheese: BrE completely different from each other// --The two brothers are as different as chalk and cheese .// --They're like chalk and cheese , those two.// long chalk at long1 (21)//
chalk 2 v [>T + up/on] to write, mark, or draw something with chalk// chalk up [chalk sth → up] phr v//
1 to succeed in getting something, especially points in a game: --Seattle chalked up another win last night over Denver.//
2 to record what someone has done, what someone should pay etc: chalk something → up to// --You can chalk the drinks up to my account.//
3 chalk it up to experience: informal to accept a failure or disappointment calmly and regard it as an experience that you can learn something from//

chalk at English => English (The Britannica Concise) Of Explained:

Soft, fine-grained, easily pulverized, white-to-grayish variety of limestone, composed of the shells of minute marine organisms. The purest varieties contain up to 99% calcium carbonate in the form of the mineral calcite. Extensive deposits occur in W Europe south of Sweden and in England, notably in the chalk cliffs of Dover along the English Channel. Other extensive deposits occur in the U.S. from S. Dakota to Texas and eastward to Alabama. Chalk is used for making lime and portland cement and as a soil additive. Finely ground and purified chalk is known as whiting and is used as a filler, extender, or pigment in a wide variety of materials, incl. ceramics, putty, cosmetics, crayons, plastics, rubber, paper, paints, and linoleum. The chalk commonly used in classrooms is a manufactured substance rather than natural chalk.

chalk at English => English (Moby Thesaurus II) Of Explained:

217 Moby Thesaurus words for "chalk":
air brush, alabaster, art paper, ballpoint pen, besnow, blackboard,
blanch, blaze, blaze a trail, bleach, blemish, blotch, book, brand,
brush, calcimine, calendar, camera lucida, camera obscura, canvas,
cartoon, carve, catalog, chalk up, charcoal, check, check in,
check off, chronicle, cicatrize, color, copy, crayon, crosshatch,
cut, dapple, dash, dash off, daub, define, delimit, delineate,
demarcate, depict, design, diagram, discolor, docket, doodle, dot,
draft, draw, drawing paper, drawing pencil, drier, driven snow,
easel, engrave, enroll, enscroll, enter, eraser, etiolate, file,
fill out, fixative, fleck, fleece, flour, foam, freckle, frost,
gash, grave, grizzle, ground, hatch, impanel, impress, imprint,
incise, index, ink, inkhorn, inkstand, inkwell, inscribe, insert,
invisible ink, ivory, jot down, lay figure, lead pencil, lily,
limn, line, list, log, maggot, make a mark, make a memorandum,
make a note, make an entry, make out, mark, mark down, mark off,
mark out, matriculate, maulstick, medium, milk, minute, mottle,
nib, nick, notch, note, note down, paint, paint a picture,
paintbrush, palette, palette knife, paper, pastel, pearl, pen,
pencil, pepper, picture, picturize, pigments, pipe-clay,
place upon record, plume, point, poll, portray, post, post up,
prick, print, punch, punctuate, puncture, put down, put in writing,
put on paper, put on tape, quill, record, reduce to writing, reed,
register, riddle, scar, scarify, score, scotch, scratch,
scratchboard, scumble, seal, seam, set down, shade, sheet,
siccative, silver, sketch, sketchbook, sketchpad, slate, snow,
spatula, speck, speckle, splotch, spot, spray gun, stain, stamp,
stencil, stigmatize, streak, striate, stripe, stump, style,
stylograph, stylus, swan, sympathetic ink, table, tablet, tabulate,
take down, tape, tape-record, tattoo, tick, tick off, tint, trace,
underline, underscore, varnish, videotape, white, whiten,
whitewash, write, write down, write in, write out, write up

chalk at English => English (Oxford Advanced Learners) Of Explained:

noun, verb
noun
[U]

1 a type of soft white stone:
the chalk cliffs of southern England

2 (also chalks [pl.]) a substance similar to chalk made into white or coloured sticks for writing or drawing:
a piece / stick of chalk * drawing diagrams with chalk on the blackboard * a box of coloured chalks

IDIOMS

chalk and cheese (BrE) if two people or things are like chalk and cheese or as different as chalk and cheese, they are completely different from each other:
Frank and I will never get along. We're chalk and cheese.
more at LONG adj.
verb [VN] ~ sth (up) (on sth) to write or draw sth with chalk:
She chalked (up) the day's menu on the board. * A message was chalked on the door-'Back at 11 o'clock.' * a chalked outline of a human body * The scores were chalked up on the wall.
IDIOMS
chalk it up to experience (spoken, especially AmE) used to say that you should think of a failure as being sth that you can learn from
PHRASAL VERBS
chalk up sth (informal) to achieve or record a success, points in a game, etc:
The team chalked up their tenth win this season. * As a Hollywood actor he has chalked up a number of box-office successes. * They will have chalked up 40 years of marriage this summer.
chalk sth up to sth (AmE, informal) to consider that sth is caused by sth:
We can chalk that win up to a lot of luck.

Chalk at English => English (Websters 1913) Of Explained:

Chalk \Chalk\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Chalked}; p. pr. & vb. n.
{Chalking}.]
1. To rub or mark with chalk.

2. To manure with chalk, as land. --Morimer.

3. To make white, as with chalk; to make pale; to bleach.
--Tennyson.

Let a bleak paleness chalk the door. --Herbert.

{To chalk out}, to sketch with, or as with, chalk; to
outline; to indicate; to plan. [Colloq.] ``I shall pursue
the plan I have chalked out.'' --Burke.

Chalk \Chalk\, n. [AS. cealc lime, from L. calx limestone. See
{Calz}, and {Cawk}.]
1. (Min.) A soft, earthy substance, of a white, grayish, or
yellowish white color, consisting of calcium carbonate,
and having the same composition as common limestone.

2. (Fine Arts) Finely prepared chalk, used as a drawing
implement; also, by extension, a compound, as of clay and
black lead, or the like, used in the same manner. See
{Crayon}.

{Black chalk}, a mineral of a bluish color, of a slaty
texture, and soiling the fingers when handled; a variety
of argillaceous slate.

{By a long chalk}, by a long way; by many degrees. [Slang]
--Lowell.

{Chalk drawing} (Fine Arts), a drawing made with crayons. See
{Crayon}.

{Chalk formation}. See {Cretaceous formation}, under
{Cretaceous}.

{Chalk line}, a cord rubbed with chalk, used for making
straight lines on boards or other material, as a guide in
cutting or in arranging work.

{Chalk mixture}, a preparation of chalk, cinnamon, and sugar
in gum water, much used in diarrheal affection, esp. of
infants.

{Chalk period}. (Geol.) See {Cretaceous period}, under
{Cretaceous}.

{Chalk pit}, a pit in which chalk is dug.

{Drawing chalk}. See {Crayon}, n., 1.

{French chalk}, steatite or soapstone, a soft magnesian
mineral.

{Red chalk}, an indurated clayey ocher containing iron, and
used by painters and artificers; reddle.

chalk at English => English (WordNet) Of Explained:

chalk
v : write, draw, or trace with chalk

chalk
n 1: a soft whitish calcite
2: a pure flat white with little reflectance
3: amphetamine used in the form of a crystalline hydrochloride;
used as a stimulant to the nervous system and as an
appetite suppressant [syn: {methamphetamine}, {methamphetamine
hydrochloride}, {Methedrine}, {meth}, {deoxyephedrine}, {chicken
feed}, {crank}, {glass}, {ice}, {shabu}, {trash}]
4: a piece of chalk (or similar substance) used for writing on
blackboards or other surfaces

chalk at English (WD) Of Explained:

==English==
Category: Image - :Chalk.jpg|thumb|right|Colorful chalk used for writing or drawing

Alternative forms

* chaulk Inter: qualifier » dated

Etymology

From Inter: etyl » ang Inter: term » cealc|lang=ang, borrowed from Inter: etyl » la Inter: term » calx||limestone|lang=la, borrowed from Inter: etyl » grc Inter: term » χάλιξ||pebble|tr=khaliks|lang=grc|sc=polytonic

Pronunciation

* Inter: a » RP Inter: IPA » /tʃɔːk/, Inter: X-SAMPA » /tSO:k/
  • Inter: a » US Inter: enPR » chôk, Inter: IPA » /tʃɔk/ Inter: X-SAMPA » /tSOk/
  • Inter: a » cot-caught|northern cities vowel shift Inter: IPA » /tʃɑk/ Inter: X-SAMPA » /tSAk/
  • Inter: audio » en-us-chalk.ogg|Audio
  • Inter: rhymes » ɔːk

    Noun

    Inter: en-noun » s|-


  • Inter: uncountabl » e A soft, white, powdery limestone.
    1. Inter: countabl » e A piece of chalk, or, more often, processed compressed chalk, that is used for drawing and for writing on a blackboard.
    2. Tailor's chalk.
    3. Inter: uncountable » climbing A white powdery substance used to prevent hands slipping from holds when climbing, sometimes but not always limestone-chalk.
    4. Inter: US » military|countable A platoon-sized group of airborne soldiers.
    5. Inter: US » sports|chiefly|basketball The prediction that there will be no upsets, and the favored competitor will win.
    6. Inter: quote-news » 1982|March 22|Phil Musick|And the pick here is - Georgetown over Houston|Pittsburgh Post-Gazette|url=http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=p-YNAAAAIBAJ&sjid=lG0DAAAAIBAJ&pg=5414,4919698|page=13


    |passage=OK, let's get rid of the chalk players right away. The chalk likes North Carolina. Dean Smith has taken Carolina to the Final Four six times.
  • Inter: quote-news » 1995|April 6||Notes on a Scorecard|Los Angeles Times|url=http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/latimes/access/22775635.xml?dids=22775635:22775635&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT|page=C3

  • |passage=Excuse us for sticking with the chalk, but the predicted winners are Afternoon Deelites in the Derby, Oliver McCall over Larry Holmes, Nick Faldo in the Masters, and Al Unser Jr. in the Grand Prix.
    1. Inter: quote-news » 2008|March 24|Jason Bauman|Non-news of the week: Obama picks North Carolina|Beacon-News|city=Aurora, Illinois|url=http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_text_direct-0=11FF7064C02E5360&p_field_direct-0=document_id


    |passage=Instead, he played the chalk and selected the No. 1 overall seed in the tournament.

    Translations

    Inter: trans-top » a soft, white, powdery limestone
    • Arabic: Inter: t- » ar|طبشورة|f|tr=Tabshuura|sc=Arab
    • Armenian: Inter: t- » hy|կավիճ|tr=kavič̣|sc=Armn
    • Bulgarian: Inter: t+ » bg|креда|f|tr=kreda|sc=Cyrl
    • Catalan: Inter: t- » ca|creta|f
    • Chinese:
    • : Mandarin: Inter: t- » cmn|白堊|sc=Hani, Inter: t- » cmn|白垩|tr=bái'è|sc=Hani
    • Czech: Inter: t+ » cs|křída|f
    • Danish: Inter: t- » da|kridt|n
    • Dutch: Inter: t+ » nl|krijt|n, Inter: t- » nl|krijtgesteente|n
    • Esperanto: Inter: t+ » eo|kreto
    • Finnish: Inter: t- » fi|liitukivi
    • French: Inter: t+ » fr|craie|f
    • German: Inter: t+ » de|Kreide|f
    • Greek: Inter: t- » el|κρητίδα|f|tr=kritída|sc=Grek
    • Icelandic: Inter: t- » is|krítarsteinn|m
    • Indonesian: Inter: t+ » id|kapur
    • Irish: Inter: t- » ga|cailc|f
    • Italian: Inter: t+ » it|gesso|m, Inter: t- » it|creta|f
    • Japanese: Inter: t- » ja|白亜|tr=はくあ, hakua|sc=Jpan
    • Jèrriais: Inter: tø » roa-jer|craie|f


    Inter: trans-mi » d
  • Kamba: Inter: tø » kam|chokaa
  • Kikuyu: Inter: tø » ki|shokaa
  • Korean: Inter: t- » ko|백악|tr=baegak|sc=Hang
  • Kurdish:
  • : Sorani: Inter: t+ » ku|گه‌چ|tr=gach|sc=ku-Arab
  • Luhya: Inter: tø » luy|echokaa
  • Luxembourgish: Inter: t+ » lb|Kräid|f
  • Macedonian: Inter: t- » mk|креда|f|tr=kréda|sc=Cyrl, Inter: t- » mk|вар|f|tr=var|sc=Cyrl
  • Meru: Inter: tø » mer|ckoka, Inter: tø » mer|choka
  • Polish: Inter: t+ » pl|kreda|f
  • Portuguese: Inter: t+ » pt|cal|f
  • Russian: Inter: t+ » ru|мел|m|tr=mel|sc=Cyrl
  • Scottish Gaelic: Inter: t- » gd|cailc|f
  • Serbo-Croatian:
  • : Cyrillic: Inter: t- » sh|креда|f|sc=Cyrl, Inter: t- » sh|вапно|n|sc=Cyrl
  • : Roman: Inter: t- » sh|kreda|f|sc=Latn, Inter: t- » sh|vapno|n|sc=Latn
  • Slovene: Inter: t+ » sl|kreda|f
  • Spanish: Inter: t- » es|creta|f
  • Swahili: Inter: t+ » sw|chaki
  • Telugu: Inter: t+ » te|సుద్ద|tr=sudda|sc=Telu

  • Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-top » a piece of chalk used for drawing and on a blackboard
    • Albanian: Inter: t- » sq|shkumës|f
    • Arabic: Inter: t- » ar|طبشورة|f|tr=Tabshuura|sc=Arab
    • Armenian: Inter: t- » hy|կավիճ|tr=kavič̣|sc=Armn
    • Asturian: Inter: t- » ast|tiz|f, Inter: t- » ast|tiza|f, Inter: t- » ast|xiz|m
    • Azeri: Inter: t- » az|tabaşir
    • Bulgarian: Inter: t+ » bg|тебешир|m|tr=tebešir|sc=Cyrl
    • Catalan: Inter: t- » ca|guix|m
    • Chinese:
    • : Mandarin: Inter: t- » cmn|粉筆|sc=Hani, Inter: t- » cmn|粉笔|tr=fěnbǐ|sc=Hani
    • Czech: Inter: t+ » cs|křída|f
    • Danish: Inter: t- » da|kridt|n
    • Dutch: Inter: t+ » nl|krijt|n, Inter: t+ » nl|krijtje|n
    • Esperanto: Inter: t+ » eo|kreto
    • Finnish: Inter: t+ » fi|liitu
    • French: Inter: t+ » fr|craie|f
    • Galician: Inter: t- » gl|xiz|m
    • German: Inter: t+ » de|Kreide|f
    • Greek: Inter: t+ » el|κιμωλία|f|tr=kimolía|sc=Grek, Inter: t+ » el|τεμπεσίρι|n|tr=tempesíri|sc=Grek
    • Hebrew: Inter: t+ » he|גיר|m|tr=gyr|sc=Hebr
    • Hungarian: Inter: t+ » hu|kréta
    • Icelandic: Inter: t+ » is|krít|f
    • Indonesian: Inter: t+ » id|kapur tulis
    • Irish: Inter: t- » ga|cailc|f
    • Italian: Inter: t- » it|gessetto|m
    • Japanese: Inter: t- » ja|チョーク|tr=chōku|sc=Jpan
    • Jèrriais: Inter: tø » roa-jer|craie|f


    Inter: trans-mi » d
  • Korean: Inter: t+ » ko|분필|tr=bunpil|sc=Kore
  • Kurdish:
  • : Sorani: Inter: t- » ku|ته‌باشیر|tr=tabAsheer|sc=ku-Arab
  • Latvian: Inter: t- » lv|krīts|m
  • Luxembourgish: Inter: t+ » lb|Kräid|f
  • Macedonian: Inter: t- » mk|креда|f|tr=kréda|sc=Cyrl
  • Malay: Inter: t- » ms|kapur tulis
  • Polish: Inter: t+ » pl|kreda|f
  • Portuguese: Inter: t+ » pt|giz|m
  • Russian: Inter: t+ » ru|мел|m|tr=mel|sc=Cyrl, Inter: t+ » ru|мелок|m|tr=melók|sc=Cyrl
  • Scottish Gaelic: Inter: t- » gd|cailc|f
  • Serbo-Croatian:
  • : Cyrillic: Inter: t- » sh|креда|f|sc=Cyrl
  • : Roman: Inter: t- » sh|kreda|f|sc=Latn
  • Slovene: Inter: t+ » sl|kreda|f
  • Spanish: Inter: t+ » es|tiza|f, Inter: t+ » es|gis|m Inter: qualifier » Mexico
  • Swahili: Inter: t+ » sw|chaki
  • Tagalog: Inter: t- » tl|tisa, Inter: t+ » tl|yeso
  • Telugu: Inter: t- » te|సుద్దముక్క|tr=suddamukka|sc=Telu
  • Turkish: Inter: t+ » tr|tebeşir
  • Udi: Inter: tø » udi|кӏавучӏ|sc=Cyrl
  • Uyghur: Inter: t- » ug|بور|tr=bor|sc=ug-Arab
  • Uzbek: Inter: t- » uz|bo'r
  • Vietnamese: Inter: t- » vi|lằn gạch, Inter: t- » vi|điểm ghi bằng phấn
  • Yiddish: Inter: t- » yi|קרייַד|f|tr=qryyad|sc=Hebr

  • Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-see » tailor's chalk
    Inter: trans-top » … prevent from falling when climbing
    • Catalan: Inter: t- » ca|magnèsia|f
    • Finnish: Inter: t+ » fi|liitu, Inter: t+ » fi|magnesium
    • French: Inter: t+ » fr|magnésie|f


    Inter: trans-mi » d
  • German: Inter: t- » de|Magnesiapulver
  • Polish: Inter: t- » pl|magnezja|f
  • Turkish: Inter: t+ » tr|magnezyum

  • Inter: trans-botto » m

    Inter: checktrans-to » p
    • Inter: ttbc » ar: Inter: t- » ar|طبشورة|sc=Arab
    • Inter: ttbc » br: Inter: t+ » br|kleiz|m (1, 2)
    • Inter: ttbc » zai: Inter: tø » zai|yuya
    • Inter: ttbc » la: Inter: t- » la|calx|f
    • Inter: ttbc » fa: Inter: t+ » fa|گچ|tr=gac|sc=fa-Arab


    Inter: trans-botto » m

    Verb

    Inter: en-ver » b
  • To apply chalk to anything, such as the tip of a billiards cue.
    1. To record something, as on a blackboard, using chalk.
    2. To use powdered chalk to mark the lines on a playing field.
    3. Inter: figurativel » y To record a score or event, as if on a chalkboard.

      Derived terms

      * chalk up to

  • chalky
  • different as chalk and cheese
  • chalk line

    Related terms

    * calcium
  • calx
  • chalkboard

    See also

    * Inter: pedi » a
  • Inter: pedia » Chalk (disambiguation)
  • Inter: pedia » Chalk (military)

  • Category: Category:1000 English basic words -
    Category: Category:en:Climbing -
    Translation: ar » chalk
    Translation: ca » chalk
    Translation: cs » chalk
    Translation: de » chalk
    Translation: et » chalk
    Translation: el » chalk
    Translation: eo » chalk
    Translation: fa » chalk
    Translation: fr » chalk
    Translation: gl » chalk
    Translation: ko » chalk
    Translation: hy » chalk
    Translation: io » chalk
    Translation: it » chalk
    Translation: kn » chalk
    Translation: kk » chalk
    Translation: sw » chalk
    Translation: li » chalk
    Translation: hu » chalk
    Translation: mg » chalk
    Translation: ml » chalk
    Translation: my » chalk
    Translation: nl » chalk
    Translation: ja » chalk
    Translation: no » chalk
    Translation: pl » chalk
    Translation: sm » chalk
    Category: simple:chalk -
    Translation: fi » chalk
    Translation: ta » chalk
    Translation: te » chalk
    Translation: tr » chalk
    Translation: vi » chalk
    Translation: zh » chalk