#### Chance comer at English => English (Websters 1913) Of Explained:

Chance \Chance\ (ch[.a]ns), n. [F. chance, OF. cheance, fr. LL.

cadentia a allusion to the falling of the dice), fr. L.

cadere to fall; akin to Skr. [,c]ad to fall, L. cedere to

yield, E. cede. Cf. {Cadence}.]

1. A supposed material or psychical agent or mode of activity

other than a force, law, or purpose; fortune; fate; -- in

this sense often personified.

It is strictly and philosophically true in nature

and reason that there is no such thing as chance or

accident; it being evident that these words do not

signify anything really existing, anything that is

truly an agent or the cause of any event; but they

signify merely men's ignorance of the real and

immediate cause. --Samuel

Clark.

Any society into which chance might throw him.

--Macaulay.

That power Which erring men call Chance. --Milton.

2. The operation or activity of such agent.

By chance a priest came down that way. --Luke x. 31.

3. The supposed effect of such an agent; something that

befalls, as the result of unknown or unconsidered forces;

the issue of uncertain conditions; an event not calculated

upon; an unexpected occurrence; a happening; accident;

fortuity; casualty.

It was a chance that happened to us. --1 Sam. vi.

9.

The Knave of Diamonds tries his wily arts, And wins

(O shameful chance!) the Queen of Hearts. --Pope.

I spake of most disastrous chance. --Shak.

4. A possibility; a likelihood; an opportunity; -- with

reference to a doubtful result; as, a chance to escape; a

chance for life; the chances are all against him.

So weary with disasters, tugged with fortune. That I

would get my life on any chance, To mend it, or be

rid on 't --Shak.

5. (Math.) Probability.

Note: The mathematical expression, of a chance is the ratio

of frequency with which an event happens in the long

run. If an event may happen in a ways and may fail in b

ways, and each of these a + b ways is equally likely,

the chance, or probability, that the event will happen

is measured by the fraction a/a + b, and the chance, or

probability, that it will fail is measured by b/a + b.

{Chance comer}, one who comes unexpectedly.

{The last chance}, the sole remaining ground of hope.

{The main chance}, the chief opportunity; that upon which

reliance is had, esp. self-interest.

{Theory of chances}, {Doctrine of chances} (Math.), that

branch of mathematics which treats of the probability of

the occurrence of particular events, as the fall of dice

in given positions.

{To mind one's chances}, to take advantage of every

circumstance; to seize every opportunity.