Online Dictionary

charcoal Explained

charcoal at CMU American English spelling Of Explained:

['tʃɑ:'kəul]

charcoal at English => English (English Etymology) Of Explained:

1340, first element is either O.Fr. charbon "charcoal," or, on the current theory, obs. charren "to turn" (from O.E. cerran) + cole "coal," thus, "to turn to coal." ///

charcoal at English => English (Longman) Of Explained:

n [Date: 1300-1400; Origin: Probably from char 'to turn' (11-17 centuries) (from Old English cerran) + coal]//
1 [U] a black substance made of burned wood that can be used as fuel: --cooking over a charcoal fire//
2 [U and C] a stick of this substance used for drawing: --a sketch drawn in charcoal//
3 also charcoal grey : [U] a dark grey colour// -- charcoal adj //

charcoal at English => English (The Britannica Concise) Of Explained:

Impure form of carbon, obtained as a residue when material containing carbon is partially burned or heated with limited access to air. Coke, carbon black, and soot are forms of charcoal; other forms are named for their source material, such as wood, blood, or bone. Largely replaced by coke in blast furnaces and by natural gas as a raw material, charcoal is still used to make black gunpowder and in case-hardening metals. Activated charcoal is a finely powdered or highly porous form whose surface area is hundreds or thousands of square meters per gram. It has many uses as an adsorbent (see adsorption), incl. for poison treatment, and as a catalyst or catalyst carrier.

charcoal at English => English (Moby Thesaurus II) Of Explained:

138 Moby Thesaurus words for "charcoal":
air brush, alcohol, art paper, ash, ashes, benzine,
black and white, blackening, blacking, blackwash, brand, briquette,
brouillon, brush, burnable, burnt cork, butane, calx,
camera lucida, camera obscura, canvas, carbon, carbon black,
cartoon, chalk, charcoal drawing, chiaroscuro, cinder, clinker,
coal, coke, combustible, coom, crayon, crow, delineation, design,
diagram, doodle, dope, draft, drafting, drawing, drawing paper,
drawing pencil, drier, dross, easel, ebauche, ebon, ebony,
esquisse, ethane, ethanol, fireball, firing, fixative, flammable,
flammable material, fuel, fuel additive, fuel dope, fume, gas,
gas black, gas carbon, gasoline, graph, ground, heptane, hexane,
inflammable, inflammable material, ink, isooctane, jet, jet fuel,
kerosene, lampblack, lava, lay figure, line drawing, maulstick,
medium, methane, methanol, natural gas, night, octane, oil, paint,
paintbrush, palette, palette knife, paraffin, pastel, peat,
pen-and-ink, pencil, pencil drawing, pentane, pigments, pitch,
propane, propellant, raven, reek, rocket fuel, rough copy,
rough draft, rough outline, scoria, scratchboard, siccative,
silhouette, silver-print drawing, sinopia, sketch, sketchbook,
sketching, sketchpad, slag, sloe, smoke, smudge, smut, soot,
spatula, spray gun, stove black, study, stump, sullage, tar,
tracing, turf, varnish, vignette

charcoal at English => English (Oxford Advanced Learners) Of Explained:

noun [U]
1 a black substance made by burning wood slowly in an oven with little air. Charcoal is used as a fuel or for drawing:
charcoal grilled steaks * a charcoal drawing
2 (also charcoal grey) a very dark grey colour

Charcoal at English => English (Websters 1913) Of Explained:

Charcoal \Char"coal`\, n. [See {Char}, v. t., to burn or to
reduce to coal, and {Coal}.]
1. Impure carbon prepared from vegetable or animal
substances; esp., coal made by charring wood in a kiln,
retort, etc., from which air is excluded. It is used for
fuel and in various mechanical, artistic, and chemical
processes.

2. (Fine Arts) Finely prepared charcoal in small sticks, used
as a drawing implement.

{Animal charcoal}, a fine charcoal prepared by calcining
bones in a closed vessel; -- used as a filtering agent in
sugar refining, and as an absorbent and disinfectant.

{Charcoal blacks}, the black pigment, consisting of burnt
ivory, bone, cock, peach stones, and other substances.

{Charcoal drawing} (Fine Arts), a drawing made with charcoal.
See {Charcoal}, 2. Until within a few years this material
has been used almost exclusively for preliminary outline,
etc., but at present many finished drawings are made with
it.

{Charcoal point}, a carbon pencil prepared for use in an
electric light apparatus.

{Mineral charcoal}, a term applied to silky fibrous layers of
charcoal, interlaminated in beds of ordinary bituminous
coal; -- known to miners as mother of coal.

charcoal at English => English (WordNet) Of Explained:

charcoal
adj : very dark gray [syn: {charcoal-gray}, {charcoal-grey}]

charcoal
n 1: a carbonaceous material obtained by heating wood or other
organic matter in the absence of air [syn: {wood coal}]
2: a stick of black carbon material used for drawing [syn: {fusain}]
3: a very dark gray color [syn: {charcoal gray}, {charcoal grey},
{oxford gray}, {oxford grey}]
4: a drawing made with charcoal
v : draw, trace, or represent with charcoal

charcoal at English (WD) Of Explained:

==English==
Inter: wikipedi » a

Etymology

From Inter: etyl » enm|en Inter: term » charcole|lang=enm, from Inter: term » charren||lang=enm|to change, turn", from {{etyl|ang|en Inter: term » cierran|lang=ang "to change, turn"}} + Inter: term » cole||lang=enm|coal", from {{ang Inter: term » col|lang=ang "coal}}, equivalent to Inter: compound » char|coal. More at ajar, coal.

Pronunciation

* Inter: a » RP Inter: IPA » /ˈtʃɑː.kəʊl/, Inter: X-SAMPA » /"tSA:k@Ul/
  • Inter: audio » en-us-charcoal.ogg|Audio (US)

    Noun

    Inter: en-noun » -|s


  • Inter: uncountabl » e Impure carbon obtained by destructive distillation of wood or other organic matter, that is to say, heating it in the absence of oxygen.
    1. Inter: quote-book » year=2006|author=Category: w - :Edwin Black|Edwin Black


    |title=Internal Combustion
    |chapter=2|url=http://openlibrary.org/works/OL4103950W
    |passage=But through the oligopoly, charcoal fuel proliferated throughout London's trades and industries.  By the 1200s, brewers and bakers, tilemakers, glassblowers, pottery producers, and a range of other craftsmen all became hour-to-hour consumers of charcoal.
    1. Inter: countabl » e A stick of black carbon material used for drawing.
    2. Inter: quote-book » year=1879|title=The Telephone, the Microphone and the Phonograph|author=Th Du Moncel|page=166|passage=He takes the prepared charcoal used by artists, brings it to a white heat, and suddenly plunges it in a bath of mercury, of which the globules instantly penetrate the pores of charcoal, and may be said to metallize it.
    3. Inter: countabl » e A drawing made with charcoal.
    4. A very dark gray colour.
    5. : Inter: color panel » 343332

      Translations

      Inter: trans-top » substance

  • Aguaruna: Inter: tø » agr|kayušik
  • Arabic: Inter: t- » ar|فحم الخشب|tr=fáħmu-l-xášab|m
  • Armenian: Inter: t- » hy|փայտածուխ|tr=p'aytaçux
  • Basque: Inter: t- » eu|ikatz
  • Chinese:
  • : Mandarin: Inter: t » cmn|木炭|tr=mùtàn|sc=Hani
  • Czech: Inter: t- » cs|dřevěné uhlí|n
  • Danish: Inter: t- » da|trækul
  • Dutch: Inter: t+ » nl|houtskool|m
  • Esperanto: Inter: t- » eo|lignokarbo
  • Finnish: Inter: t+ » fi|puuhiili
  • French: Inter: t+ » fr|charbon de bois|m
  • Georgian: Inter: t- » ka|ხის ნახშირი|tr=xis naxširi|sc=Geor
  • German: Inter: t+ » de|Holzkohle|f
  • Greek: Inter: t+ » el|κάρβουνο|n|tr=kárvouno
  • Hebrew: Inter: t- » he|פחם עץ|tr=pecham 'etz|alt=פֶּחָם עֵץ|sc=Hebr
  • Hungarian: Inter: t+ » hu|faszén
  • Igbo: Inter: tø » ig|íchẹoku
  • Indonesian: Inter: t+ » id|arang
  • Irish: Inter: t- » ga|fioghual|m, Inter: t- » ga|gualach|m, Inter: qualifier » for drawing Inter: t- » ga|gualach líníochta|m
  • Italian: Inter: t+ » it|carbone|m, Inter: t- » it|carbonella|f
  • Japanese: Inter: t+ » ja|炭|tr=すみ, sumi, Inter: t- » ja|木炭|tr=もくたん, mokutan
  • Kamba: Inter: tø » kam|makaa
  • Kikuyu: Inter: tø » ki|makara

  • Inter: trans-mi » d
    • Korean: Inter: t+ » ko|숯|tr=sut, Inter: t+ » ko|목탄|tr=moktan (Inter: t+ » ko|木炭)
    • Kurdish:
    • : Sorani: Inter: t- » ku|خه‌ڵوز|tr=xelluz|sc=ku-Arab
    • Latin: Inter: t- » la|carbo|m
    • Latvian: Inter: t- » lv|ogles|p
    • Lithuanian: Inter: t+ » lt|anglis
    • Luhya: Inter: tø » luy|likaa
    • Luo: Inter: tø » luo|makaa
    • Malagasy: Inter: t- » mg|àrina
    • Malay: Inter: t- » ms|arang
    • Manx: Inter: t- » gv|geayl foiee|m
    • Navajo: Inter: tø » nv|tʼeesh
    • Polish: Inter: t- » pl|węgiel drzewny|m
    • Portuguese: Inter: t+ » pt|carvão|m
    • Russian: Inter: t- » ru|древесный уголь|m|tr=drevésnyj úgol’
    • Serbo-Croatian: Inter: t- » sh|drveni ugalj|m
    • Spanish: Inter: t+ » es|carbón|m
    • Swahili: Inter: t+ » sw|kaa
    • Swedish: Inter: t- » sv|träkol|n
    • Taos: Inter: tø » twf|úyna
    • Thai: Inter: t- » th|ถ่านไม้|tr=tàan máai, Inter: t+ » th|ถ่าน|tr=tàan
    • Turkish: Inter: t+ » tr|odun kömürü
    • Vietnamese: Inter: t+ » vi|than gỗ


    Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-top » stick used for drawing
    • Basque: Inter: t- » eu|ekurrikatz
    • Chinese:
    • : Mandarin: Inter: t » cmn|炭筆|sc=Hani, Inter: t » cmn|炭笔|tr=tànbǐ|sc=Hani
    • Czech: Inter: t- » cs|uhel|m
    • Dutch: Inter: t+ » nl|houtskool|m
    • Finnish: Inter: t+ » fi|hiili
    • German: Inter: t+ » de|Kohle|f
    • Greek: Inter: t+ » el|κάρβουνο|n|tr=kárvouno
    • Hungarian: Inter: t- » hu|rajzszén


    Inter: trans-mi » d
  • Japanese: Inter: t- » ja|木炭|tr=もくたん, mokutan
  • Latvian: Inter: t- » lv|ogle|f
  • Polish: Inter: t+ » pl|węgiel|m
  • Portuguese: Inter: t+ » pt|carvão|m
  • Russian: Inter: t+ » ru|уголь|m|tr=úgol’
  • Spanish: Inter: t+ » es|carboncillo|m
  • Swahili: Inter: t+ » sw|makaa
  • Swedish: Inter: t- » sv|kolkrita|c, Inter: t- » sv|teckningskol|n, Inter: t- » sv|ritkol|n
  • Volapük: Inter: t- » vo|däsinakolat

  • Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-top » drawing
    • Finnish: Inter: t- » fi|hiilipiirros
    • Greek: Inter: t+ » el|κάρβουνο|n|tr=kárvouno


    Inter: trans-mi » d
  • Hungarian: Inter: t+ » hu|szénrajz
  • Swedish: Inter: t- » sv|kolteckning|c

  • Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-top » colour
    • Finnish: Inter: t+ » fi|antrasiitti
    • Japanese: 炭色 (すみいろ, sumiiro)
    • Polish: Inter: t+ » pl|antracyt|m, kolor ciemnografitowy {{m}}


    Inter: trans-mi » d
  • Russian: Inter: t+ » ru|угольный
  • Slovak: Inter: t- » sk|antracitová|f
  • Swedish: Inter: t- » sv|antracitgrå, Inter: t- » sv|antracit

  • Inter: trans-botto » m

    Adjective

    Inter: en-ad » j
  • Of a dark gray colour.
    1. Made of charcoal.
    2. Inter: quote-book » year=2006|author=Category: w - :Edwin Black|Edwin Black


    |title=Internal Combustion
    |chapter=2|url=http://openlibrary.org/works/OL4103950W
    |passage=But through the oligopoly, charcoal fuel proliferated throughout London's trades and industries.  By the 1200s, brewers and bakers, tilemakers, glassblowers, pottery producers, and a range of other craftsmen all became hour-to-hour consumers of charcoal.

    Translations

    Inter: trans-top » colour
    • Dutch: Inter: t+ » nl|antraciet
    • Esperanto: Inter: t- » eo|lignokarba
    • Finnish: Inter: t+ » fi|antrasiitti


    Inter: trans-mi » d
  • Italian: Inter: t+ » it|antracite
  • Swedish: Inter: t- » sv|antracitgrå, Inter: t- » sv|antracit

  • Inter: trans-botto » m

    Derived terms

    * activated charcoal
    • charcoal burner
    • charcoal drawing
    • charcoal grey

      Related terms

      * carbonara
    • Carbonari
    • charbroil
    • vitrain

      Verb

      Inter: en-ver » b


  • To draw with charcoal.
    1. To cook over charcoal.

      See also

      Inter: top » 2

  • carbo vegetabilis
  • briquette
  • brown coal
  • coal
  • coal pot

  • Inter: mid » 2
    • collier
    • fusain
    • kangri
    • wood coal
    • Category: Appendix:Colors -


    Inter: botto » m
    Category: Category:en:Colors -
    Category: Category:en:Greys -
    Translation: ar » charcoal
    Translation: ca » charcoal
    Translation: et » charcoal
    Translation: el » charcoal
    Translation: fr » charcoal
    Translation: ko » charcoal
    Translation: io » charcoal
    Translation: id » charcoal
    Translation: kn » charcoal
    Translation: sw » charcoal
    Translation: lo » charcoal
    Translation: hu » charcoal
    Translation: mg » charcoal
    Translation: ml » charcoal
    Translation: my » charcoal
    Translation: ja » charcoal
    Translation: pl » charcoal
    Translation: sm » charcoal
    Translation: fi » charcoal
    Translation: sv » charcoal
    Translation: ta » charcoal
    Translation: te » charcoal
    Translation: tr » charcoal
    Translation: vi » charcoal
    Translation: zh » charcoal