Online Dictionary

chemistry Explained

chemistry at CMU American English spelling Of Explained:

['keməstrı]

chemistry at English => English (English Etymology) Of Explained:

1605 (see chemical), originally "alchemy;" the meaning "natural physical process" is 1646, and the scientific study not so called until 1788. The figurative sense of "instinctual attraction or affinity" is older, c.1600, from the alchemical sense. ///

chemistry at English => English (Longman) Of Explained:

S2 n [U]
1 the science that is concerned with studying the structure of substances and the way that they change or combine with each other: biochemistry, biology, physics//
2 if there is chemistry between two people, they like each other and find each other attractive: chemistry between// --It was obvious that there was a very real chemistry between them.//
3 the way substances combine in a particular process, thing, person etc: --a person's body chemistry//

chemistry at English => English (The Britannica Concise) Of Explained:

Science that deals with the properties, composition, and structure of substances (elements and compounds), the reactions and transformations they undergo, and the energy released or absorbed during those processes. Often called the "central science," chemistry is concerned with atoms as building blocks (rather than with the subatomic domain; see quantum mechanics), with everything in the material world, and with all living things. Branches of chemistry include inorganic (see inorganic compound), organic (see organic compound), physical, and analytical (see analysis) chemistry; biochemistry; electrochemistry; and geochemistry. Chemical engineering (applied chemistry) uses the theoretical and experimental information obtained in chemistry to build chemical plants and make useful products.

chemistry at English => English (Moby Thesaurus II) Of Explained:

39 Moby Thesaurus words for "chemistry":
alchemy, applied chemistry, astrochemistry, biochemistry,
biogeochemistry, chemicobiology, chemicoengineering, chemurgy,
colloid chemistry, crystallochemistry, cytochemistry,
electrochemistry, engineering chemistry, geochemistry,
geological chemistry, hydrochemistry, iatrochemistry,
immunochemistry, inorganic chemistry, lithochemistry,
macrochemistry, mineralogical chemistry, nuclear chemistry,
pathochemistry, petrochemistry, pharmacochemistry,
physical chemistry, physicochemistry, phytochemistry,
psychobiochemistry, radiochemistry, soil chemistry,
theoretical chemistry, thermochemistry, topochemistry,
ultramicrochemistry, zoochemistry, zymochemistry, zymurgy

chemistry at English => English (Oxford Advanced Learners) Of Explained:

noun [U]
1 the scientific study of the structure of substances, how they react when combined or in contact with one another, and how they behave under different conditions:
a degree in chemistry * the university's chemistry department * inorganic / organic chemistry
see also BIOCHEMISTRY
2 (technical) the chemical structure and behaviour of a particular substance:
the chemistry of copper * We do not fully understand the chemistry of genes. * The patient's blood chemistry was monitored regularly.
3 the relationship between two people, usually a strong sexual attraction:
sexual chemistry * The chemistry just wasn't right.

CHEMISTRY at English => English (Bouviers Law) Of Explained:

:
I don't know what's wrong with me; I just feel kind of blah.verb, noun
verb [VN] ~ sb/sth (for sth) | ~ sth on sb/sth to think or say that sb/sth is responsible for sth bad:
She doesn't blame anyone for her father's death. * A dropped cigarette is being blamed fo

Chemistry at English => English (Websters 1913) Of Explained:

Chemistry \Chem"is*try\ (k[e^]m"[i^]s*tr[y^]; 277), n. [From
{Chemist}. See {Alchemy}.]
1. That branch of science which treats of the composition of
substances, and of the changes which they undergo in
consequence of alterations in the constitution of the
molecules, which depend upon variations of the number,
kind, or mode of arrangement, of the constituent atoms.
These atoms are not assumed to be indivisible, but merely
the finest grade of subdivision hitherto attained.
Chemistry deals with the changes in the composition and
constitution of molecules. See {Atom}, {Molecule}.

Note: Historically, chemistry is an outgrowth of alchemy (or
alchemistry), with which it was anciently identified.

2. An application of chemical theory and method to the
consideration of some particular subject; as, the
chemistry of iron; the chemistry of indigo.

3. A treatise on chemistry.

Note: This word and its derivatives were formerly written
with y, and sometimes with i, instead of e, in the
first syllable, chymistry, chymist, chymical, etc., or
chimistry, chimist, chimical, etc.; and the
pronunciation was conformed to the orthography.

{Inorganic chemistry}, that which treats of inorganic or
mineral substances.

{Organic chemistry}, that which treats of the substances
which form the structure of organized beings and their
products, whether animal or vegetable; -- called also
{chemistry of the carbon compounds}. There is no
fundamental difference between organic and inorganic
chemistry.

{Physiological chemistry}, the chemistry of the organs and
tissues of the body, and of the various physiological
processes incident to life.

{Practical chemistry}, or {Applied chemistry}, that which
treats of the modes of manufacturing the products of
chemistry that are useful in the arts, of their
applications to economical purposes, and of the conditions
essential to their best use.

{Pure chemistry}, the consideration of the facts and theories
of chemistry in their purely scientific relations, without
necessary reference to their practical applications or
mere utility.

chemistry at English => English (Websters 1913) Of Explained:



10. (Mus.)
(a) Produced by natural organs, as those of the human
throat, in distinction from instrumental music.
(b) Of or pertaining to a key which has neither a flat
nor a sharp for its signature, as the key of C major.
(c) Applied to an air or modulation of harmony which
moves by easy and smooth transitions, digressing but
little from the original key. --Moore (Encyc. of
Music).

{Natural day}, the space of twenty-four hours. --Chaucer.

{Natural fats}, {Natural gas}, etc. See under {Fat}, {Gas}.
etc.

{Natural Harmony} (Mus.), the harmony of the triad or common
chord.

{Natural history}, in its broadest sense, a history or
description of nature as a whole, incuding the sciences of
{botany}, {zo["o]logy}, {geology}, {mineralogy},
{paleontology}, {chemistry}, and {physics}. In recent
usage the term is often restricted to the sciences of
botany and zo["o]logy collectively, and sometimes to the
science of zoology alone.

{Natural law}, that instinctive sense of justice and of right
and wrong, which is native in mankind, as distinguished
from specifically revealed divine law, and formulated
human law.

{Natural modulation} (Mus.), transition from one key to its
relative keys.

{Natural order}. (Nat. Hist.) See under {order}.

{Natural person}. (Law) See under {person}, n.

{Natural philosophy}, originally, the study of nature in
general; in modern usage, that branch of physical science,
commonly called {physics}, which treats of the phenomena
and laws of matter and considers those effects only which
are unaccompanied by any change of a chemical nature; --
contrasted with mental and moral philosophy.

{Natural scale} (Mus.), a scale which is written without
flats or sharps. Model would be a preferable term, as less
likely to mislead, the so-called artificial scales (scales
represented by the use of flats and sharps) being equally
natural with the so-called natural scale

{Natural science}, natural history, in its broadest sense; --
used especially in contradistinction to mental or moral
science.

{Natural selection} (Biol.), a supposed operation of natural
laws analogous, in its operation and results, to designed
selection in breeding plants and animals, and resulting in
the survival of the fittest. The theory of natural
selection supposes that this has been brought about mainly
by gradual changes of environment which have led to
corresponding changes of structure, and that those forms
which have become so modified as to be best adapted to the
changed environment have tended to survive and leave
similarly adapted descendants, while those less perfectly
adapted have tended to die out though lack of fitness for
the environment, thus resulting in the survival of the
fittest. See {Darwinism}.

{Natural system} (Bot. & Zo["o]l.), a classification based
upon real affinities, as shown in the structure of all
parts of the organisms, and by their embryology.

It should be borne in mind that the natural system
of botany is natural only in the constitution of its
genera, tribes, orders, etc., and in its grand
divisions. --Gray.


{Natural theology}, or {Natural religion}, that part of
theological science which treats of those evidences of the
existence and attributes of the Supreme Being which are
exhibited in nature; -- distinguished from revealed
religion. See Quotation under {Natural}, a., 3.

{Natural vowel}, the vowel sound heard in urn, furl, sir,
her, etc.; -- so called as being uttered in the easiest
open position of the mouth organs. See {Neutral vowel},
under {Neutral} and Guide to Pronunciation, [sect] 17.

Syn: See {Native}.

chemistry at English => English (WordNet) Of Explained:

chemistry
n 1: the science of matter; the branch of the natural sciences
dealing with the composition of substances and their
properties and reactions [syn: {chemical science}]
2: the way two individuals relate to each other; "their
chemistry was wrong from the beginning -- they hated each
other"; "a mysterious alchemy brought them together" [syn:
{interpersonal chemistry}, {alchemy}]

chemistry at English (WD) Of Explained:

==English==
Inter: wikipedi » a

Etymology

First coined 1605. From Inter: term » chemist|lang=en, Inter: term » chymist, from Inter: etyl » la Inter: term » alchimista|lang=la, from Inter: etyl » ar|en Inter: term » الكيمياء|lang=ar|sc=Arab|tr=al-kīmiya’, from article Inter: term » ال-|lang=ar|sc=Arab|tr=al- + Inter: etyl » grc|en Inter: term » χυμεία||art of alloying metals|tr=khumeia|lang=grc|sc=polytonic, from Inter: term » χύμα||fluid|tr=khuma|lang=grc|sc=polytonic, from Inter: term » χυμός||juice|tr=khumos|lang=grc|sc=polytonic, from Inter: term » χέω||I pour|tr=kheō|lang=grc|sc=polytonic.

Pronunciation

* Inter: IPA » /ˈkɛm.ɪ.stri/, Inter: X-SAMPA » /"kEm.I.stri/
  • Inter: audio » en-us-chemistry.ogg|Audio (US)

    Noun

    Inter: en-noun » chemistr|ies|-


  • Inter: uncountabl » e The branch of natural science that deals with the composition and constitution of substances and the changes that they undergo as a consequence of alterations in the constitution of their molecules.
    1. Inter: countabl » e An application of chemical theory and method to a particular substance.
    2. : the chemistry of iron
    3. : the chemistry of indigo
    4. Inter: context » informal The mutual attraction between two people; rapport.

      Usage notes

      * Historical note: This word and its derivatives were formerly spelled chy- or sometimes chi- (i.e., chymistry, chymist, chymical, etc., or chimistry, chimist, chimical, etc.) with pronunciation depending on the spelling.

      Meronyms

      * See also Category: Wikisaurus:chemistry -

      Derived terms

      Inter: rel-top » terms derived from chemistry

  • actinochemistry
  • agrochemistry
  • applied chemistry
  • astrochemistry
  • atmochemistry
  • bacteriochemistry, bacterio-chemistry
  • biochemistry
  • biogeochemistry
  • bucket chemistry
  • carbochemistry
  • click chemistry
  • clinical biochemistry
  • clinical chemistry
  • combinatorial chemistry
  • computational chemistry
  • coordination chemistry
  • cosmochemistry
  • cryochemistry
  • cytochemistry
  • dendrochemistry
  • ecochemistry
  • electrochemistry
  • endochemistry
  • exochemistry
  • femtochemistry
  • fluorochemistry
  • galactochemistry
  • geochemistry
  • glycochemistry
  • haematochemistry
  • heliochemistry
  • histochemistry
  • hydrochemistry
  • hydrogenochemistry
  • hydrogeochemistry

  • Inter: rel-mid » 3
    • iatrochemistry
    • immunochemistry
    • immunocytochemistry
    • immunohistochemistry
    • inorganic chemistry
    • isotopic chemistry
    • limnochemistry, limno-chemistry
    • lipochemistry
    • lithochemistry
    • macrochemistry
    • magnetochemistry
    • mechanochemistry
    • medicinal chemistry
    • membrane mimetic chemistry
    • metallobiochemistry
    • meteorochemistry
    • microchemistry
    • mineralochemistry
    • nanochemistry
    • neurobiochemistry
    • neurochemistry
    • nitrochemistry
    • nonchemistry
    • nuclear chemistry
    • nucleochemistry
    • oceanochemistry
    • oleochemistry
    • organic chemistry
    • organochemistry, organo-chemistry
    • organometallic chemistry
    • oxy-chemistry
    • palaeogeochemistry
    • pedochemistry
    • petrochemistry
    • petrolochemistry


    Inter: rel-mid » 3
  • pharmacochemistry
  • photochemistry
  • photoelectrochemistry
  • photomechanochemistry
  • physical chemistry
  • physiological chemistry
  • phytochemistry
  • piezochemistry
  • plasmochemistry
  • pneumochemistry
  • polychemistry
  • practical chemistry
  • pure chemistry
  • pyrochemistry
  • quantum chemistry
  • radiation chemistry
  • radiochemistry
  • regiochemistry
  • selenochemistry
  • semiochemistry
  • silico-chemistry
  • sociochemistry
  • soil biochemistry
  • soil chemistry
  • sonochemistry
  • spectrochemistry
  • spectroelectrochemistry
  • stereochemistry
  • thermochemistry
  • toxicochemistry, toxico-chemistry
  • virochemistry
  • wet chemistry
  • xenochemistry
  • xylochemistry
  • zoöchemistry
  • zoochemistry

  • Inter: rel-botto » m

    Related terms

    Inter: rel-top » terms related to chemistry
    • alchemy
    • chemical


    Inter: rel-mi » d
  • chemical equation
  • chemist

  • Inter: rel-botto » m

    Translations

    Inter: trans-top » branch of natural science
    • Afrikaans: Inter: t- » af|chemie, Inter: t- » af|skeikunde
    • Arabic: Inter: t+ » ar|كيمياء|f|tr=kīmiya’|sc=Arab
    • Armenian: Inter: t- » hy|քիմիա|tr=k'imia
    • Basque: Inter: t- » eu|kimika
    • Belarusian: Inter: t- » be|хімія|f|tr=xímija|sc=Cyrl
    • Bulgarian: Inter: t+ » bg|химия|f|tr=hímija|sc=Cyrl
    • Catalan: Inter: t+ » ca|química|f
    • Chinese:
    • : Mandarin: Inter: t » cmn|化學|sc=Hani, Inter: t » cmn|化学|tr=huàxué|sc=Hani
    • Czech: Inter: t+ » cs|chemie|f
    • Danish: Inter: t+ » da|kemi|c
    • Dutch: Inter: t+ » nl|chemie|f, Inter: t+ » nl|scheikunde|f
    • Esperanto: Inter: t+ » eo|ĥemio, Inter: t+ » eo|kemio
    • Estonian: Inter: t+ » et|keemia
    • Finnish: Inter: t+ » fi|kemia
    • French: Inter: t+ » fr|chimie|f
    • Galician: Inter: t+ » gl|química|f
    • Georgian: Inter: t- » ka|ქიმია|tr=k’imia|sc=Geor
    • German: Inter: t+ » de|Chemie|f
    • Greek: Inter: t+ » el|χημεία|f|tr=chimeía
    • Haitian Creole: Inter: tø » ht|chimi
    • Hebrew: Inter: t+ » he|כימיה|f|tr=kimya\khimya|sc=Hebr
    • Hindi: Inter: t- » hi|रसायन शास्त्र|m|tr=rasāyan śāstra|sc=Deva
    • Hungarian: Inter: t+ » hu|kémia
    • Icelandic: Inter: t+ » is|efnafræði|f
    • Irish: Inter: t- » ga|ceimic|f
    • Italian: Inter: t+ » it|chimica|f
    • Japanese: Inter: t+ » ja|化学|tr=かがく, kagaku|sc=Jpan


    Inter: trans-mi » d
  • Khmer: Inter: t- » km|រសាយនវិទ្យា|sc=Khmr|tr=reasaayanavityie, Inter: t- » km|គីមីវិទ្យា|sc=Khmr|tr=kiimii vityie
  • Korean: Inter: t+ » ko|화학|tr=hwahak|sc=Kore (Inter: t+ » ko|化學|sc=Kore)
  • Kurdish:
  • : Sorani: Inter: tø » ckb|کیمیا|tr=kîmya|sc=ku-Arab
  • Latvian: Inter: t- » lv|ķīmija|f
  • Lojban: Inter: t- » jbo|xumske
  • Luxembourgish: Inter: t+ » lb|Chimie|f
  • Macedonian: Inter: t- » mk|хемија|f|tr=hémija|sc=Cyrl
  • Malay: Inter: t- » ms|kimia
  • Norwegian: Inter: t+ » no|kjemi
  • Persian: Inter: t+ » fa|شیمی|tr=šimi|sc=fa-Arab
  • Polish: Inter: t+ » pl|chemia|f
  • Portuguese: Inter: t+ » pt|química|f
  • Russian: Inter: t+ » ru|химия|f|tr=xímija
  • Scottish Gaelic: Inter: t- » gd|ceimigeachd|f
  • Serbo-Croatian:
  • : Cyrillic: Inter: t- » sh|хемија|f Inter: qualifier » Bosnian, Serbian, Inter: t- » sh|кемија|f Inter: qualifier » Croatian
  • : Roman: Inter: t+ » sh|hemija|f Inter: qualifier » Bosnian, Serbian, Inter: t+ » sh|kemija|f Inter: qualifier » Croatian
  • Slovak: Inter: t- » sk|chémia|f
  • Slovene: Inter: t+ » sl|kemija|f
  • Sotho: Inter: t- » st|bokhemisi
  • Spanish: Inter: t+ » es|química|f
  • Swedish: Inter: t+ » sv|kemi|c
  • Tamil: Inter: t+ » ta|வேதியியல்|tr=vētiyiyal|sc=Taml
  • Ukrainian: Inter: t+ » uk|хімія|f|tr=xímija
  • Urdu: Inter: t- » ur|کیمیاء|tr=kīmiya’
  • Vietnamese: Inter: t+ » vi|hóa học (Inter: t- » vi|化學)
  • Võro: Inter: tø » vro|keemiä

  • Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-top » application of chemical theory and method to a particular substance
    • Arabic: Inter: t+ » ar|كيمياء|f|tr=kīmiya’|sc=Arab
    • Armenian: Inter: t- » hy|քիմիա|tr=k'imia
    • Chinese:
    • : Mandarin: Inter: t » cmn|化學|sc=Hani, Inter: t » cmn|化学|tr=huàxué|sc=Hani
    • Czech: Inter: t+ » cs|chemie
    • Danish: Inter: t+ » da|kemi|c, Inter: t- » da|kemiske Inter: t- » da|egenskab|c
    • Dutch: Inter: t+ » nl|chemie|f, Inter: t+ » nl|scheikunde|f
    • Estonian: Inter: t+ » et|keemia
    • Finnish: Inter: t+ » fi|kemia
    • French: Inter: t+ » fr|chimie|f
    • German: Inter: t+ » de|Chemie|f


    Inter: trans-mi » d
  • Greek: Inter: t+ » el|χημεία|f|tr=chimeía
  • Haitian Creole: Inter: tø » ht|chimi
  • Italian: Inter: t+ » it|chimica|f
  • Japanese: Inter: t+ » ja|化学|tr=かがく, kagaku|sc=Jpan
  • Latvian: Inter: t- » lv|ķīmija|f
  • Portuguese: Inter: t+ » pt|química|f
  • Russian: Inter: t+ » ru|химия|f|tr=xímija
  • Scottish Gaelic: Inter: t- » gd|ceimigeachd|f
  • Serbo-Croatian:
  • : Cyrillic: Inter: t- » sh|кемија|f|sc=Cyrl
  • : Roman: Inter: t+ » sh|kemija|f
  • Swedish: Inter: t+ » sv|kemi|c

  • Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-top » mutual attraction between two people
    • Armenian: Inter: t- » hy|քիմիա|tr=k'imia
    • Bulgarian: Inter: t+ » bg|химия|f|tr=chimija|sc=Cyrl
    • Chinese:
    • : Mandarin: Inter: t » cmn|來電|sc=Hani, Inter: t » cmn|来电|tr=láidiàn|sc=Hani
    • Danish: Inter: t+ » da|kemi|c
    • Dutch: Inter: t+ » nl|chemie
    • Finnish: Inter: t- » fi|vetovoima, Inter: t+ » fi|kemia


    Inter: trans-mi » d
  • German: Inter: t+ » de|Chemie|f
  • Polish: Inter: t+ » pl|chemia|f
  • Portuguese: Inter: t+ » pt|química|f
  • Scottish Gaelic: Inter: t- » gd|ceimigeachd|f
  • Serbo-Croatian:
  • : Cyrillic: Inter: t- » sh|кемија|f|sc=Cyrl
  • : Roman: Inter: t+ » sh|kemija|f
  • Swedish: Inter: t+ » sv|kemi|c, Inter: t+ » sv|personkemi|c

  • Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-top » as modifier: relating to or using chemistry
    • Danish: Inter: t+ » da|kemi-
    • Dutch: Inter: t+ » nl|chemo-, Inter: t- » nl|chemie-, Inter: t+ » nl|scheikundig
    • Estonian: Inter: t- » et|keemia-, Inter: t- » et|kemo-
    • Finnish: Inter: t+ » fi|kemia|alt=kemian, Inter: t- » fi|kemian-


    Inter: trans-mi » d
  • German: Inter: t+ » de|Chemie|f
  • Polish: Inter: t- » pl|chemo-, Inter: t- » pl|chemio-
  • Scottish Gaelic: Inter: qualifier » as a genitive Inter: t- » gd|ceimigeachd|f
  • Swedish: Inter: t- » sv|kemi-|c

  • Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: checktrans-to » p
    • Inter: ttbc » ca: Inter: t+ » ca|química|f
    • Inter: ttbc » ko: Inter: t+ » ko|화학|tr=hwahak|sc=Kore
    • Inter: ttbc » ku: Inter: t- » ku|کیمیا|sc=ku-Arab
    • Inter: ttbc » no: Inter: t+ » no|kjemi|m
    • Inter: ttbc » mt: Inter: t+ » mt|kimika


    Inter: trans-mi » d
  • Inter: ttbc » fa: Inter: t+ » fa|شیمی|tr=shimi|sc=fa-Arab
  • Inter: ttbc » ro: Inter: t- » ro|chimie|f
  • Inter: ttbc » sk: Inter: t- » sk|chémia|f (1)
  • Inter: ttbc » es: Inter: t+ » es|química|f
  • Inter: ttbc » tr: Inter: t+ » tr|kimya
  • Inter: ttbc » ur: Inter: t- » ur|کیمیا|m|tr=keemia|sc=ur-Arab

  • Inter: trans-botto » m
    Category: Category:en:Sciences -
    Translation: ar » chemistry
    Translation: az » chemistry
    Category: zh-min-nan:chemistry -
    Translation: bs » chemistry
    Translation: cs » chemistry
    Translation: cy » chemistry
    Translation: da » chemistry
    Translation: de » chemistry
    Translation: et » chemistry
    Translation: el » chemistry
    Translation: es » chemistry
    Translation: eo » chemistry
    Translation: eu » chemistry
    Translation: fr » chemistry
    Translation: ko » chemistry
    Translation: hy » chemistry
    Translation: hr » chemistry
    Translation: io » chemistry
    Translation: id » chemistry
    Translation: it » chemistry
    Translation: kn » chemistry
    Translation: sw » chemistry
    Translation: lb » chemistry
    Translation: lt » chemistry
    Translation: hu » chemistry
    Translation: mk » chemistry
    Translation: mg » chemistry
    Translation: ml » chemistry
    Translation: my » chemistry
    Translation: nl » chemistry
    Translation: ja » chemistry
    Translation: no » chemistry
    Translation: oc » chemistry
    Translation: pl » chemistry
    Translation: pt » chemistry
    Category: simple:chemistry -
    Translation: fi » chemistry
    Translation: sv » chemistry
    Translation: ta » chemistry
    Translation: te » chemistry
    Translation: tr » chemistry
    Translation: vi » chemistry
    Translation: zh » chemistry