Online Dictionary

circulation Explained

circulation at CMU American English spelling Of Explained:

['sə:kjə'leıʃən]

circulation at English => English (English Etymology) Of Explained:

1440, from L. circulationem, from circulare "to form a circle," used of blood first by William Harvey, 1628. ///

circulation at English => English (Longman) Of Explained:

n
1 [singular, U] the movement of blood around your body: --Exercise improves the circulation.// good/bad circulation // --Doctors had to remove her leg because of bad circulation.//
2 [U] the exchange of information, money etc from one person to another in a group or society: in/out of circulation// --Police believe there are thousands of illegal guns in circulation.// --The book was taken out of circulation.// remove/withdraw sth from circulation // --The Treasury Department plans to remove older coins from circulation and replace them with new ones.//
3 [C, usually singular] the average number of copies of a newspaper or magazine that are usually sold each day, week, month etc: circulation of// --The newspaper has a daily circulation of 55,000.//
4 [U and C] the movement of liquid, air etc in a system: --Let's open the windows and get some circulation in here.//
5 in circulation/out of circulation: informal when someone takes part or does not take part in social activities at a particular time// --Sandy's out of circulation until after her exams.//

circulation at French => English Of Explained:

circulation, traffic

circulation at English => English (The Britannica Concise) Of Explained:

Process by which nutrients, respiratory gases, and metabolic products are transported throughout the body. In humans, blood remains within a closed cardiovascular system composed of the heart, blood vessels, and blood. Arteries carry blood away from the heart under high pressure exerted by the heart's pumping action. Arteries divide into smaller arterioles, which branch into a network of tiny capillaries with thin walls across which gases and nutrients diffuse. Capillaries rejoin into larger venules, which unite to form veins, which carry blood back to the heart. The right and left heart chambers send blood into separate pulmonary and systemic circulations. In the first, blood is carried from the heart to the lungs, where it picks up oxygen and releases carbon dioxide; in the second, blood is carried between the heart and the rest of the body, where it carries oxygen, nutrients, metabolic products, and wastes.

circulation at English => English (Moby Thesaurus II) Of Explained:

158 Moby Thesaurus words for "circulation":
Rh factor, Rh-negative, Rh-positive, Rh-type, Rhesus factor,
advertisement, airing, angular momentum, angular motion,
angular velocity, announcement, antibody, antigen, arterial blood,
axial motion, bandying, blood, blood bank, blood cell, blood count,
blood donor, blood donor center, blood group, blood grouping,
blood picture, blood platelet, blood pressure, blood serum,
blood substitute, bloodmobile, bloodstream, book, bowling,
broadcast, broadcasting, bruiting, bruiting about, centrifugation,
circling, circuit, circuition, circuitousness, circuitry,
circularity, circumambience, circumambiency, circumambulation,
circumflexion, circumgyration, circumlocution, circummigration,
circumnavigation, circumrotation, circumvolution, clinical dextran,
course, demonetization, devaluation, deviance, deviancy, deviation,
deviousness, dextran, diffusion, digression, display,
dissemination, distribution, erythrocyte, evulgation, excursion,
excursus, flow, flowing, full circle, globulin, gore, grume,
gyration, gyre, gyring, hematics, hematologist, hematology,
hematoscope, hematoscopy, hemocyte, hemoglobin, hemometer, humor,
ichor, indirection, isoantibody, issuance, issue, issuing,
leukocyte, lifeblood, meandering, monetization, motion, neutrophil,
opsonin, orbit, orbiting, passage, periodical, phagocyte, pivoting,
plasma, plasma substitute, printing, proclamation, promulgation,
pronouncement, propagation, publication, publishing, red corpuscle,
reeling, revaluation, revolution, roll, rolling, rotation,
rotational motion, round, roundaboutness, rounding, serum, spin,
spinning, spiral, spiraling, spread, spreading, spreading abroad,
swinging, swirling, swiveling, telecasting, transmission, trolling,
trundling, turbination, turn, turning, type O, venous blood,
ventilation, volutation, volution, wheel, wheeling, whir, whirl,
whirling, white corpuscle

circulation at French => English Of Explained:

tractionsabzüglich 5 Prozent [aptsyːkliçproːtsɛnt]
less

circulation at English => English (Oxford Advanced Learners) Of Explained:

noun
1 the movement of blood around the body:
Regular exercise will improve blood circulation. * to have good / bad circulation
2 [U] the passing or spreading of sth from one person or place to another:
the circulation of money / information / ideas * A number of forged tickets are in circulation. * The coins were taken out of circulation. * Copies of the magazine were withdrawn from circulation. * putting computer viruses into circulation
3 [U] the fact that sb takes part in social activities at a particular time:
Anne has been ill but now she's back in circulation. * I was out of circulation for months after the baby was born.
4 [C, usually sing.] the usual number of copies of a newspaper or magazine that are sold each day, week, etc:
a daily circulation of more than one million
5 [U, C] the movement of sth (for example air, water, gas, etc.) around an area or inside a system or machine:
Poor air circulation can cause condensation.

Circulation at English => English (Websters 1913) Of Explained:

Circulation \Cir`cu*la"tion\, n. [L. circulatio: cf. F.
circulation.]
1. The act of moving in a circle, or in a course which brings
the moving body to the place where its motion began.

This continual circulation of human things. --Swift.

2. The act of passing from place to place or person to
person; free diffusion; transmission.

The true doctrines of astronomy appear to have had
some popular circulation. --Whewell.

3. Currency; circulating coin; notes, bills, etc., current
for coin.

4. The extent to which anything circulates or is circulated;
the measure of diffusion; as, the circulation of a
newspaper.

5. (Physiol.) The movement of the blood in the blood-vascular
system, by which it is brought into close relations with
almost every living elementary constituent. Also, the
movement of the sap in the vessels and tissues of plants.

circulation at English => English (WordNet) Of Explained:

circulation
n 1: the dissemination of copies of periodicals (as newspapers or
magazines)
2: movement through a circuit; especially the movement of blood
through the heart and blood vessels
3: (library science) the count of books that are loaned by a
library over a specified period
4: number of copies of a newspaper or magazine that are sold;
"by increasing its circulation the newspaper hoped to
increase its advertising"
5: free movement or passage through a series of vessels (as of
water through pipes or sap through a plant)
6: the spread or transmission of something (as news or money)
to a wider group or area

circulation at English (WD) Of Explained:

==English==

Pronunciation

* Inter: a » UK Inter: IPA » /ˈsɜː(ɹ).kjʊˌleɪ.ʃən/, Inter: X-SAMPA » /"s3:(r\).jkU%leI.S@n/
  • Inter: a » US Inter: IPA » /ˈsɝkjʊˌleɪʃən/, Inter: X-SAMPA » /"s3`kjU%leIS@n/
  • Inter: audio » en-us-circulation.ogg|Audio (US)
  • Inter: rhymes » eɪʃən

    Noun

    Inter: en-noun » circulations|-

  • The act of moving in a circle, or in a course which brings the moving body to the place where its motion began.
    1. The act of passing from place to place or person to person; free diffusion; transmission.
    2. Currency; circulating coin; notes, bills, etc., current for coin.
    3. The extent to which anything circulates or is circulated; the measure of diffusion; as, the circulation of a newspaper.
    4. The movement of the blood in the blood-vascular system, by which it is brought into close relations with almost every living elementary constituent. Also the movement of the sap in the vessels and tissues of plants.

      Translations

      Inter: trans-top » The act of moving in a circle

  • Bulgarian: Inter: t+ » bg|обикаляне|n, Inter: t- » bg|движение в кръг
  • Esperanto: Inter: t- » eo|cirkulado
  • Finnish: Inter: t- » fi|kiertoliike
  • Hungarian: Inter: t+ » hu|keringés
  • Indonesian: Inter: t+ » id|perputaran

  • Inter: trans-mi » d
    • Russian: Inter: t- » ru|круговое движение|n|tr=krugovóje dvižénije|sc=Cyrl, Inter: t+ » ru|круговорот|m|tr=krugovorót|sc=Cyrl, Inter: t+ » ru|циркуляция|f|tr=cirkuljácija|sc=Cyrl
    • Scottish Gaelic: Inter: t- » gd|cuairteachadh|m
    • Spanish: Inter: t+ » es|circulación|f


    Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-top » The act of passing from place to place or person to person
    • Bulgarian: Inter: t+ » bg|обикаляне|n
    • Dutch: Inter: t- » nl|omloop|m
    • Finnish: Inter: t+ » fi|kiertokulku


    Inter: trans-mi » d
  • Russian: Inter: t+ » ru|оборот|m|tr=oborót|sc=Cyrl
  • Spanish: Inter: t+ » es|circulación|f

  • Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-top » Currency; circulating coin; notes, bills, etc.
    • Bulgarian: Inter: t+ » bg|обращение|n
    • Dutch: Inter: t- » nl|oplage
    • Finnish: Inter: t+ » fi|levikki


    Inter: trans-mi » d
  • Hungarian: Inter: t+ » hu|forgalom
  • Russian: Inter: t+ » ru|обращение|n|tr=obraščénije|sc=Cyrl
  • Spanish: Inter: t+ » es|circulación|f

  • Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-top » The extent to which anything circulates or is circulated
    • Bulgarian: Inter: t+ » bg|циркулация|f
    • Finnish: Inter: t+ » fi|levikki
    • Hungarian: Inter: t+ » hu|keringés


    Inter: trans-mi » d
  • Russian: Inter: t+ » ru|циркуляция|f|tr=cirkuljácija|sc=Cyrl, Inter: t+ » ru|оборот|m|tr=oborót|sc=Cyrl
  • Spanish: Inter: t+ » es|circulación|f

  • Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-top » The movement of the blood in the blood-vascular system
    • Bulgarian: Inter: t- » bg|кръвообращение|n
    • Chinese:
    • : Mandarin: Inter: t » cmn|血液循環|sc=Hans, Inter: t » cmn|血液循环|tr=xiěyè xúnhuán|sc=Hans
    • Finnish: Inter: t- » fi|verenkierto
    • French: Inter: t+ » fr|circulation|f
    • German: Inter: t+ » de|Blutkreislauf|m


    Inter: trans-mi » d
  • Hungarian: Inter: t+ » hu|keringés, Inter: t+ » hu|vérkeringés
  • Indonesian: Inter: t+ » id|peredaran
  • Japanese: Inter: t- » ja|血液循環|tr=けつえきじゅんかん, ketsueki junkan|sc=Jpan
  • Russian: Inter: t+ » ru|кровообращение|n|tr=krovoobraščénije|sc=Cyrl
  • Scottish Gaelic: Inter: t- » gd|cuairteachadh|m
  • Spanish: Inter: t+ » es|circulación|f

  • Inter: trans-botto » m

    French

    Etymology

    Inter: suffix » lang=fr|circuler|ation, ultimately from Inter: etyl » la|fr Inter: term » circulo|lang=la

    Pronunciation

    * Inter: IPA » /siʁ.ky.la.sjɔ̃/|lang=fr
    • Inter: audio » Fr-circulation.ogg|Audio
    • Inter: rhymes » jɔ̃|lang=fr

      Noun

      Inter: fr-noun » f


  • Inter: l » en|circulation Inter: gloss » act of moving in a circular shape
    1. Inter: anatomy » lang=fr Inter: l » en|circulation Inter: gloss » of blood
    2. traffic
    3. distribution, Inter: l » en|circulation Inter: gloss » of a newspaper/magazine


    Translation: ar » circulation
    Translation: cs » circulation
    Translation: de » circulation
    Translation: et » circulation
    Translation: el » circulation
    Translation: fr » circulation
    Translation: gl » circulation
    Translation: ko » circulation
    Translation: io » circulation
    Translation: id » circulation
    Translation: it » circulation
    Translation: kn » circulation
    Translation: li » circulation
    Translation: hu » circulation
    Translation: mg » circulation
    Translation: ml » circulation
    Translation: my » circulation
    Translation: pl » circulation
    Translation: ru » circulation
    Translation: fi » circulation
    Translation: ta » circulation
    Translation: te » circulation
    Translation: tr » circulation
    Translation: vi » circulation
    Translation: zh » circulation