Online Dictionary

cirrhosis Explained

cirrhosis at CMU American English spelling Of Explained:

[sə'rəusəs]

cirrhosis at English => English (English Etymology) Of Explained:

1840s, coined by Fr. physician Ren?-Th?ophile-Hyacinthe Laennec (1781-1826), from Gk. kirrhos "tawny," for the orange-yellow appearance of the diseased liver. ///

cirrhosis at English => English (Longman) Of Explained:

n [U] [Date: 1800-1900; Language: Modern Latin; Origin: Greek kirrhos 'orange-colored'; from the appearance of the diseased liver]// a serious disease of the liver, often caused by drinking too much alcohol//

cirrhosis at English => English (The Britannica Concise) Of Explained:

Degeneration of functioning liver cells and their replacement with fibrous connective tissue, leading to scarring. The most common cause is alcohol abuse with malnutrition. Others include bile duct obstruction, viral infection, toxins, iron or copper accumulation in liver cells, and syphilis. Jaundice, edema, and great abdominal swelling are common in all. Death usually results from internal bleeding or hepatic coma due to blood chemical imbalance.

cirrhosis at English => English (Moby Thesaurus II) Of Explained:

22 Moby Thesaurus words for "cirrhosis":
alcoholic addiction, alcoholic psychosis, alcoholism, bottle nose,
cholangitis, cholecystitis, delirium tremens, dipsomania,
ebriosity, grog blossom, habitual drunkenness, heavy drinking,
hepatitis, hepatoma, icterus, infectious hepatitis, jaundice,
oenomania, oinomania, pathological drunkenness, problem drinking,
serum hepatitis

cirrhosis at English => English (Oxford Advanced Learners) Of Explained:

noun
a serious disease of the LIVER, caused especially by drinking too much alcohol

Cirrhosis at English => English (Websters 1913) Of Explained:

Cirrhosis \Cir*rho"sis\, n. [NL., fr. Gr. ? orange-colored: cf.
F. cirrhose. So called from the yellowish appearance which
the diseased liver often presents when cut.] (Med.)
A disease of the liver in which it usually becomes smaller in
size and more dense and fibrous in consistence; hence
sometimes applied to similar changes in other organs, caused
by increase in the fibrous framework and decrease in the
proper substance of the organ.

cirrhosis at English => English (WordNet) Of Explained:

cirrhosis
n : a chronic disease interfering with the normal functioning of
the liver; the major cause is chronic alcoholism [syn: {cirrhosis
of the liver}]

cirrhosis at English (WD) Of Explained:

==English==
Inter: wikipedi » a

Etymology

From Inter: etyl » grc|en Inter: term » κιρρός||tawny|tr=kirrhos|lang=grc and Inter: term » -osis|lang=en

Noun

Inter: en-noun » cirrhos|es
  • Inter: patholog » y A chronic disease of the liver caused by damage from toxins (including alcohol), metabolic problems, hepatitis or nutritional deprivation. It is characterised by an increase of fibrous tissue and the destruction of liver cells.
    1. Inter: by extensio » n Interstitial inflammation of kidneys, lungs, and other organs.
    2. Inter: quote-book » year=1907|author=Category: w - :Robert W. Chambers|Robert Chambers


    |title=The Younger Set
    |chapter=6|url=http://openlibrary.org/works/OL8127246W
    |passage=“I don't mean all of your friends—only a small proportion—which, however, connects your circle with that deadly, idle, brainless bunch—the insolent chatterers at the opera,{{...the speed-mad fugitives from the furies of ennui, the neurotic victims of mental cirrhosis, … !”}}

    Translations

    Inter: trans-top » chronic disease of the liver
    • Arabic: Inter: t- » ar|تشمع|m|tr=tashamma3|alt=تشمّع|sc=Arab
    • Chinese:
    • : Mandarin: Inter: t » cmn|肝硬化|tr=gānyìnghuà|sc=Hani, Inter: t » cmn|硬化|tr=yìnghuà|sc=Hani
    • Danish: Inter: t- » da|skrumpelever|c
    • Finnish: Inter: t- » fi|kirroosi
    • French: Inter: t+ » fr|cirrhose|f
    • German: Inter: t+ » de|Zirrhose|f
    • Greek: Inter: t- » el|κίρρωσις|f|tr=círrosis|sc=Grek, Inter: t+ » el|κίρρωση|f|tr=círrosi|sc=Grek


    Inter: trans-mi » d
  • Italian: Inter: t+ » it|cirrosi|f
  • Japanese: Inter: t- » ja|肝硬変|tr=かんこうへん, kankōhen|sc=Jpan, Inter: t- » ja|硬変|tr=こうへん, kōhen|sc=Jpan
  • Korean: Inter: t- » ko|간경변|tr=gangyeongbyeon|sc=Kore, Inter: t+ » ko|경화증|tr=gyeong-hwajeung|sc=Kore
  • Russian: Inter: t+ » ru|цирроз|m|tr=cirróz|sc=Cyrl
  • Scottish Gaelic: Inter: t- » gd|caitheamh a' ghrùthain|f
  • Spanish: Inter: t+ » es|cirrosis|f
  • Swedish: Inter: t- » sv|cirros|c

  • Inter: trans-botto » m

    Derived terms

    * cirrhotic
    • cirrhosed


    Category: Category:English nouns with irregular plurals -
    Translation: ar » cirrhosis
    Category: zh-min-nan:cirrhosis -
    Translation: cs » cirrhosis
    Translation: de » cirrhosis
    Translation: et » cirrhosis
    Translation: el » cirrhosis
    Translation: eu » cirrhosis
    Translation: fr » cirrhosis
    Translation: ko » cirrhosis
    Translation: kn » cirrhosis
    Translation: pl » cirrhosis
    Translation: ru » cirrhosis
    Translation: fi » cirrhosis
    Translation: ta » cirrhosis
    Translation: tr » cirrhosis
    Translation: vi » cirrhosis
    Translation: zh » cirrhosis