Online Dictionary

civil law Explained

civil law at English => English (Longman) Of Explained:

n [U] the area of law relating to the affairs of private citizens rather than crime// criminal law//

civil law at English => English (The Britannica Concise) Of Explained:

Body of law developed from Roman law and used in continental Europe and most former colonies of European nations, incl. the province of Quebec and the state of Louisiana. The most significant codifications of modern civil law were the French (Napoleonic Code, 1804) and the German. The basis of law in civil-law jurisdictions is statute, not custom; civil law is thus to be distinguished from common law. In civil law, judges apply principles embodied in statutes, or law codes, rather than turning to case precedent. French civil law formed the basis of the legal systems of The Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, Italy, Spain, most of France's former possessions overseas, and many Latin-Amer. countries. German civil law prevailed in Austria, Switzerland, the Scandinavian countries, and certain countries outside Europe, such as Japan, that westernized their legal systems. The term is also used to distinguish the law that applies to private rights from the law that applies to criminal matters. See also criminal law, tort.

civil law at English => English (Oxford Advanced Learners) Of Explained:

[U] law that deals with the rights of private citizens rather than with crime

CIVIL LAW at English => English (Bouviers Law) Of Explained:

(BrE) a HERRING (a type of fish) that has been soaked in salt water and smokednoun
a small amount or drop of sth, especially a liquid; a small area of colour:
a blob of ink * a pink blob * The str

Civil law at English => English (Websters 1913) Of Explained:

Law \Law\ (l[add]), n. [OE. lawe, laghe, AS. lagu, from the root
of E. lie: akin to OS. lag, Icel. l["o]g, Sw. lag, Dan. lov;
cf. L. lex, E. legal. A law is that which is laid, set, or
fixed; like statute, fr. L. statuere to make to stand. See
{Lie} to be prostrate.]
1. In general, a rule of being or of conduct, established by
an authority able to enforce its will; a controlling
regulation; the mode or order according to which an agent
or a power acts.

Note: A law may be universal or particular, written or
unwritten, published or secret. From the nature of the
highest laws a degree of permanency or stability is
always implied; but the power which makes a law, or a
superior power, may annul or change it.

These are the statutes and judgments and law,
which the Lord made. --Lev. xxvi.

The law of thy God, and the law of the King.
--Ezra vii.

As if they would confine the Interminable . . .
Who made our laws to bind us, not himself.

His mind his kingdom, and his will his law.

2. In morals: The will of God as the rule for the disposition
and conduct of all responsible beings toward him and
toward each other; a rule of living, conformable to
righteousness; the rule of action as obligatory on the
conscience or moral nature.

3. The Jewish or Mosaic code, and that part of Scripture
where it is written, in distinction from the gospel;
hence, also, the Old Testament.

What things soever the law saith, it saith to them
who are under the law . . . But now the
righteousness of God without the law is manifested,
being witnessed by the law and the prophets. --Rom.
iii. 19, 21.

4. In human government:
(a) An organic rule, as a constitution or charter,
establishing and defining the conditions of the
existence of a state or other organized community.
(b) Any edict, decree, order, ordinance, statute,
resolution, judicial, decision, usage, etc., or
recognized, and enforced, by the controlling

5. In philosophy and physics: A rule of being, operation, or
change, so certain and constant that it is conceived of as
imposed by the will of God or by some controlling
authority; as, the law of gravitation; the laws of motion;
the law heredity; the laws of thought; the laws of cause
and effect; law of self-preservation.

6. In matematics: The rule according to which anything, as
the change of value of a variable, or the value of the
terms of a series, proceeds; mode or order of sequence.

7. In arts, works, games, etc.: The rules of construction, or
of procedure, conforming to the conditions of success; a
principle, maxim; or usage; as, the laws of poetry, of
architecture, of courtesy, or of whist.

8. Collectively, the whole body of rules relating to one
subject, or emanating from one source; -- including
usually the writings pertaining to them, and judicial
proceedings under them; as, divine law; English law; Roman
law; the law of real property; insurance law.

9. Legal science; jurisprudence; the principles of equity;
applied justice.

Reason is the life of the law; nay, the common law
itself is nothing else but reason. --Coke.

Law is beneficence acting by rule. --Burke.

And sovereign Law, that state's collected will O'er
thrones and globes elate, Sits empress, crowning
good, repressing ill. --Sir W.

10. Trial by the laws of the land; judicial remedy;
litigation; as, to go law.

When every case in law is right. --Shak.

He found law dear and left it cheap. --Brougham.

11. An oath, as in the presence of a court. [Obs.] See {Wager
of law}, under {Wager}.

{Avogadro's law} (Chem.), a fundamental conception, according
to which, under similar conditions of temperature and
pressure, all gases and vapors contain in the same volume
the same number of ultimate molecules; -- so named after
Avogadro, an Italian scientist. Sometimes called
{Amp[`e]re's law}.

{Bode's law} (Astron.), an approximative empirical expression
of the distances of the planets from the sun, as follows:
-- Mer. Ven. Earth. Mars. Aste. Jup. Sat. Uran. Nep. 4 4 4
4 4 4 4 4 4 0 3 6 12 24 48 96 192 384 -- -- -- -- -- -- --
--- --- 4 7 10 16 28 52 100 196 388 5.9 7.3 10 15.2 27.4
52 95.4 192 300 where each distance (line third) is the
sum of 4 and a multiple of 3 by the series 0, 1, 2, 4, 8,
etc., the true distances being given in the lower line.

{Boyle's law} (Physics), an expression of the fact, that when
an elastic fluid is subjected to compression, and kept at
a constant temperature, the product of the pressure and
volume is a constant quantity, i. e., the volume is
inversely proportioned to the pressure; -- known also as
{Mariotte's law}, and the {law of Boyle and Mariotte}.

{Brehon laws}. See under {Brehon}.

{Canon law}, the body of ecclesiastical law adopted in the
Christian Church, certain portions of which (for example,
the law of marriage as existing before the Council of
Tent) were brought to America by the English colonists as
part of the common law of the land. --Wharton.

{Civil law}, a term used by writers to designate Roman law,
with modifications thereof which have been made in the
different countries into which that law has been
introduced. The civil law, instead of the common law,
prevails in the State of Louisiana. --Wharton.

{Commercial law}. See {Law merchant} (below).

{Common law}. See under {Common}.

{Criminal law}, that branch of jurisprudence which relates to

{Ecclesiastical law}. See under {Ecclesiastical}.

{Grimm's law} (Philol.), a statement (propounded by the
German philologist Jacob Grimm) of certain regular changes
which the primitive Indo-European mute consonants,
so-called (most plainly seen in Sanskrit and, with some
changes, in Greek and Latin), have undergone in the
Teutonic languages. Examples: Skr. bh[=a]tr, L. frater, E.
brother, G. bruder; L. tres, E. three, G. drei, Skr. go,
E. cow, G. kuh; Skr. dh[=a] to put, Gr. ti-qe`-nai, E. do,
OHG, tuon, G. thun.

{Kepler's laws} (Astron.), three important laws or
expressions of the order of the planetary motions,
discovered by John Kepler. They are these: (1) The orbit
of a planet with respect to the sun is an ellipse, the sun
being in one of the foci. (2) The areas swept over by a
vector drawn from the sun to a planet are proportioned to
the times of describing them. (3) The squares of the times
of revolution of two planets are in the ratio of the cubes
of their mean distances.

{Law binding}, a plain style of leather binding, used for law
books; -- called also {law calf}.

{Law book}, a book containing, or treating of, laws.

{Law calf}. See {Law binding} (above).

{Law day}.
(a) Formerly, a day of holding court, esp. a court-leet.
(b) The day named in a mortgage for the payment of the
money to secure which it was given. [U. S.]

{Law French}, the dialect of Norman, which was used in
judicial proceedings and law books in England from the
days of William the Conqueror to the thirty-sixth year of
Edward III.

{Law language}, the language used in legal writings and

{Law Latin}. See under {Latin}.

{Law lords}, peers in the British Parliament who have held
high judicial office, or have been noted in the legal

{Law merchant}, or {Commercial law}, a system of rules by
which trade and commerce are regulated; -- deduced from
the custom of merchants, and regulated by judicial
decisions, as also by enactments of legislatures.

Civil \Civ"il\, a. [L. civilis, fr. civis citizen: cf. F. civil.
See {City}.]
1. Pertaining to a city or state, or to a citizen in his
relations to his fellow citizens or to the state; within
the city or state.

2. Subject to government; reduced to order; civilized; not
barbarous; -- said of the community.

England was very rude and barbarous; for it is but
even the other day since England grew civil.

3. Performing the duties of a citizen; obedient to
government; -- said of an individual.

Civil men come nearer the saints of God than others;
they come within a step or two of heaven. --Preston

4. Having the manners of one dwelling in a city, as opposed
to those of savages or rustics; polite; courteous;
complaisant; affable.

Note: ``A civil man now is one observant of slight external
courtesies in the mutual intercourse between man and
man; a civil man once was one who fulfilled all the
duties and obligations flowing from his position as a
'civis' and his relations to the other members of that
'civitas.''' --Trench

5. Pertaining to civic life and affairs, in distinction from
military, ecclesiastical, or official state.

6. Relating to rights and remedies sought by action or suit
distinct from criminal proceedings.

{Civil action}, an action to enforce the rights or redress
the wrongs of an individual, not involving a criminal

{Civil architecture}, the architecture which is employed in
constructing buildings for the purposes of civil life, in
distinction from military and naval architecture, as
private houses, palaces, churches, etc.

{Civil death}. (Law.) See under {Death}.

{Civil engineering}. See under {Engineering}.

{Civil law}. See under {Law}.

{Civil list}. See under {List}.

{Civil remedy} (Law), that given to a person injured, by
action, as opposed to a criminal prosecution.

{Civil service}, all service rendered to and paid for by the
state or nation other than that pertaining to naval or
military affairs.

{Civil service reform}, the substitution of business
principles and methods for the spoils system in the
conduct of the civil service, esp. in the matter of
appointments to office.

{Civil state}, the whole body of the laity or citizens not
included under the military, maritime, and ecclesiastical

{Civil suit}. Same as {Civil action}.

{Civil war}. See under {War}.

{Civil year}. See under {Year}.

civil law at English => English (WordNet) Of Explained:

civil law
n 1: the body of laws established by a state or nation for its
own regulation [ant: {international law}]
2: the legal code of ancient Rome; codified under Justinian;
the basis for many modern systems of civil law [syn: {Roman
law}, {Justinian code}, {jus civile}]

civil law at English (WD) Of Explained:

Inter: wikipedi » a



Inter: en-noun » head=civil law
  • Inter: lega » l Roman law based on the Corpus Juris Civilis; it contrasts with common law.
    1. Inter: lega » l The body of law dealing with the private relations between members of a community; it contrasts with criminal law, military law and ecclesiastical law.


      Inter: trans-top » legal system contrasting with common law

  • Arabic: Inter: Arab » قانون مدني {{m}}
  • Chinese:
  • : Mandarin: Inter: Hant » 歐陸法系, Inter: Hans » 欧陆法系 (Ōulù fǎxì)
  • Finnish: Inter: t- » fi|säädösoikeus
  • French: Inter: t+ » fr|droit civil|m
  • German: Inter: t- » de|kontinentaleuropäischer Rechtskreis|m
  • Hebrew: Inter: t- » he|המשפט הקונטיננטלי, Inter: t- » he|משפט אזרחי
  • Japanese: Inter: t- » ja|大陸法|tr=たいりくほう, tairiku hō
  • Khmer: Inter: t- » km|ច្បាប់រដ្ឋប្បវេណី|tr=jbab roth pak ve ni|sc=Khmr

  • Inter: trans-mi » d
    • Korean: Inter: t- » ko|대륙법|tr=daeryukbeop|sc=Kore (Inter: t+ » ko|大陸法|sc=Kore)
    • Lithuanian: Inter: t- » lt|kontinentinė teisė
    • Portuguese: Inter: t- » pt|civil law|f, Inter: t- » pt|direito romano-germânico|m
    • Russian: Inter: t- » ru|романо-германское право|n|tr=románo-germánskoje právo
    • Scots: Inter: tø » sco|ceevil law
    • Serbo-Croatian: Inter: t- » sh|građansko pravo|n
    • Spanish: Inter: t- » es|derecho continental|m
    • Swedish: Inter: t- » sv|civilrätt
    • Thai: Inter: t- » th|กฎหมายแพ่ง|tr=gòd măai pâeng|sc=Thai

    Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-top » body of law dealing with private relations
    • Chinese:
    • : Mandarin: Inter: t » cmn|民法|tr=mínfǎ|sc=Hani
    • Czech: Inter: t- » cs|občanské právo|n
    • Dutch: Inter: t- » nl|burgerlijk Wetboek
    • Esperanto: Inter: t- » eo|civila kodo
    • Finnish: Inter: t- » fi|siviilioikeus
    • French: Inter: t+ » fr|droit civil|m, Inter: t+ » fr|code civil|m
    • German: Inter: t- » de|Zivilrecht|n, Inter: t+ » de|Privatrecht|n
    • Italian: Inter: t- » it|diritto civile|m

    Inter: trans-mi » d
  • Japanese: Inter: t+ » ja|民法|tr=みんぽう, mimpō|sc=Jpan
  • Korean: Inter: t+ » ko|민법|tr=minbeop|sc=Kore (Inter: t+ » ko|民法|sc=Kore)
  • Lithuanian: Inter: t- » lt|civiline teise
  • Norwegian: Inter: t- » no|privatrecht
  • Polish: Inter: t- » pl|prawo cywilne|n
  • Portuguese: Inter: t- » pt|direito civil|m
  • Russian: Inter: t+ » ru|гражданское право|n|tr=graždánskoje právo
  • Slovene: Inter: t- » sl|civilno pravo|n
  • Spanish: Inter: t- » es|derecho civil|m

  • Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: checktrans-to » p
    • Inter: ttbc » ia: derecto civil
    • Inter: ttbc » es: ley civil {{f}}

    Inter: trans-botto » m
    Category: Category:en:Law -
    Translation: et » civil law
    Translation: my » civil law
    Translation: ja » civil law
    Translation: pl » civil law
    Translation: ru » civil law
    Translation: sv » civil law
    Translation: ta » civil law