Online Dictionary

clay Explained

clay at CMU American English spelling Of Explained:

[kleı]

clay at English => English (English Etymology) Of Explained:

O.E. cl?ig "stiff, sticky earth; clay," from W.Gmc. *klaijaz, from PIE base *glei "to stick together" (cf. Gk. gloios "sticky matter," L. glus, gluten, O.Slav. glina "clay"). Clay pigeon is from 1888. ///

Clay at English => English (Longman) Of Explained:

Cassius the former name of Muhammad Ali//

clay at English => English (Longman) Of Explained:

n [U] [Language: Old English; Origin: cl[zB024]g]// a type of heavy sticky earth that can be used for making pots, bricks etc// feet of clay at foot1 (27)//

clay at English => English (The Britannica Concise) Of Explained:

Soil particles with diameters are less than 0.005 mm; also a material composed essentially of clay particles (see clay mineral). In soils, clays provide the environment for almost all plant growth. The use of clay in pottery making predates recorded human history. As building materials, clay bricks (baked and as adobe) have been used in construction since the earliest times. Kaolin, or china clay, is required for the finer grades of ceramic materials; used for paper coating and filler, it gives the paper a gloss, permitting high-quality reproduction, and increases paper opacity. Clay materials have many uses in engineering; earth dams are made impermeable to water by a core of clay, and water loss in canals may be reduced by lining the bottom with clay (called puddling). The essential raw materials of portland cement include clays.

clay at English => English (Moby Thesaurus II) Of Explained:

177 Moby Thesaurus words for "clay":
Adam, Hominidae, Homo sapiens, Missouri meerschaum, acres,
alluvion, alluvium, anatomy, arable land, ashes, blubber, body,
bones, breeze, briar, briar pipe, butter, cadaver, calean, calumet,
carcass, carrion, china, china clay, china stone, churchwarden,
clod, corncob, corncob pipe, corpse, corpus, corpus delicti,
crowbait, crust, cushion, dead body, dead man, dead person,
decedent, dirt, dough, down, dry bones, dry land, dust, earth,
eiderdown, embalmed corpse, enamel, fallen humanity, feather bed,
feathers, figure, fireclay, fleece, flesh, floss, flue, fluff,
flux, foam, food for worms, form, frame, freehold,
generation of man, genus Homo, glaze, glebe, grassland, ground,
gumbo, hominid, homo, hookah, hubble-bubble, hulk, human family,
human nature, human race, human species, humanity, humankind,
kaolin, kapok, land, landholdings, late lamented, le genre humain,
lithosphere, man, mankind, marginal land, marl, material body,
meerschaum, mire, mold, mortal flesh, mortal remains, mortality,
mortals, muck, mud, mummification, mummy, nargileh, ooze,
organic remains, peace pipe, person, petuntse, physical body,
physique, pillow, pipe, pipe cleaner, pipe rack, plush, porcelain,
porcelain clay, pudding, puff, putty, race of man, real estate,
real property, refractory, refractory clay, region, regolith,
relics, reliquiae, remains, rubber, satin, silk, skeleton, slime,
slip, slob, slop, slosh, sludge, slush, sod, soil, soma, squash,
stiff, subaerial deposit, subsoil, swansdown, swill,
tenement of clay, terra, terra firma, terrain, territory,
the country, the dead, the deceased, the defunct, the departed,
the loved one, thistledown, tobacco pipe, tobacco pouch, topsoil,
torso, trunk, velvet, water pipe, wax, woodland, wool, zephyr

Clay at English => English (Eastons 1897 Bible) Of Explained:

e.

[V] (Withdrawal): recede, go away, move back, retire, withdraw, shrink, back off, back away, depart, retreat, move off, run away, flee, avoid, remove, distance.

[V] (Unwillingness): be unwilling, dislike, grudge, begrudge, demur, recoil, shrink, hesitate, avoid, oppose, dissent, refuse.

[N] (Avoidance): abstention, abstinence, refraining, inaction, neutrality, avoidance, evasion, flight, escape, retreat, recoil.

[V] (Avoidance): abstain, refrain, keep from, keep aloof, stand off, take no part in, avoid, shun, steer clear of, keep one's distance, evade, elude.

[ADJ] (Avoidance): avoiding, neutral, unwilling, elusive, evasive, fugitive, runaway, shy, wild.

[N] (Escape): escape, elopement, flight,

clay at English => English (Oxford Advanced Learners) Of Explained:

noun
[U] a type of heavy, sticky earth that becomes hard when it is baked and is used to make things such as pots and bricks
IDIOMS see FOOT n.

Clay at English => English (Websters 1913) Of Explained:

Clay \Clay\ (kl[=a]), n. [AS. cl[=ae]g; akin to LG. klei, D.
klei, and perh. to AS. cl[=a]m clay, L. glus, gluten glue,
Gr. gloio`s glutinous substance, E. glue. Cf. {Clog}.]
1. A soft earth, which is plastic, or may be molded with the
hands, consisting of hydrous silicate of aluminium. It is
the result of the wearing down and decomposition, in part,
of rocks containing aluminous minerals, as granite. Lime,
magnesia, oxide of iron, and other ingredients, are often
present as impurities.

2. (Poetry & Script.) Earth in general, as representing the
elementary particles of the human body; hence, the human
body as formed from such particles.

I also am formed out of the clay. --Job xxxiii.
6.

The earth is covered thick with other clay, Which
her own clay shall cover. --Byron.

{Bowlder clay}. See under {Bowlder}.

{Brick clay}, the common clay, containing some iron, and
therefore turning red when burned.

{Clay cold}, cold as clay or earth; lifeless; inanimate.

{Clay ironstone}, an ore of iron consisting of the oxide or
carbonate of iron mixed with clay or sand.

{Clay marl}, a whitish, smooth, chalky clay.

{Clay mill}, a mill for mixing and tempering clay; a pug
mill.

{Clay pit}, a pit where clay is dug.

{Clay slate} (Min.), argillaceous schist; argillite.

{Fatty clays}, clays having a greasy feel; they are chemical
compounds of water, silica, and aluminia, as {halloysite},
{bole}, etc.

{Fire clay}, a variety of clay, entirely free from lime,
iron, or an alkali, and therefore infusible, and used for
fire brick.

{Porcelain clay}, a very pure variety, formed directly from
the decomposition of feldspar, and often called {kaolin}.


{Potter's clay}, a tolerably pure kind, free from iron.

Clay \Clay\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Clayed}; p. pr. & vb. n.
{Claying}.]
1. To cover or manure with clay.

2. To clarify by filtering through clay, as sugar.

clay at English => English (WordNet) Of Explained:

clay
n 1: a very fine-grained soil that is plastic when moist but hard
when fired
2: water soaked soil; soft wet earth [syn: {mud}]
3: United States general who commanded United States forces in
Europe from 1945 to 1949 and who oversaw the Berlin
airlift (1897-1978) [syn: {Lucius Clay}, {Lucius DuBignon
Clay}]
4: United States politician responsible for the Missouri
Compromise between free and slave states (1777-1852) [syn:
{Henry Clay}, {the Great Compromiser}]
5: the dead body of a human being [syn: {cadaver}, {corpse}, {stiff},
{remains}]

clay at English (WD) Of Explained:

Inter: also » Clay

English

Inter: wikipedia » dab=clay (disambiguation)|clay
Category: Image - :Clay-ss-2005.jpg|thumb|right|Clay in Estonia

Etymology

From Inter: etyl » enm Inter: term » clay|lang=enm, Inter: term » cley|lang=enm, from Inter: etyl » ang Inter: term » clæg|clǣġ|clay|lang=ang, from Inter: etyl » gem-pro|en Inter: recons » klajjaz||clay|lang=gem-pro, from Inter: etyl » ine-pro|en Inter: recons » glei-||to glue, paste, stick together|lang=ine-pro.Krueger 1982; Merriam-Webster 1974. Cognate with Dutch Inter: term » klei||clay|lang=nl, Inter: etyl » nds|- Inter: term » klei||clay|lang=nds, German Inter: term » Klei|lang=de, Inter: etyl » da|- Inter: term » klæg||clay|lang=da; compare Ancient Greek Inter: term » lang=grc|γλία|tr=glía, Latin Inter: term » glus|glūs|glue|lang=la. Related also to Inter: l » en|clag, Inter: l » en|clog.

Pronunciation

* Inter: enPR » klā, Inter: IPA » /kleɪ/, Inter: X-SAMPA » /kleI/
  • Inter: audio » En-us-clay.ogg|Audio (US)
  • Inter: rhymes » eɪ

    Noun

    Inter: en-noun » -|s


  • A mineral substance made up of small crystals of silica and alumina, that is ductile when moist; the material of pre-fired ceramics.
    1. An earth material with ductile qualities.
    2. Inter: tenni » s A tennis court surface.
    3. : The French Open is played on clay.
    4. Inter: biblica » l The material of the human body.
    5. 1611. Old Testament, King James Version, Job 10:8-9:
    6. : Thine hands have made me and fashioned me together round about...thou hast made me as the clay.
    7. 1611. Old Testament, King James Version, Isaiah 64:8:
    8. : But now, O Lord, thou art our Father; we are the clay, and thou art our potter; and we are the work of thy hand.
    9. Inter: geolog » y A particle less than 3.9 microns in diameter, following the Wentworth scale

      Antonyms

      * Inter: sense » material of the human body soul, spirit

      Hyponyms

      * kaolin, kaoline

  • ball clay
  • fire clay
  • potter's clay

    Derived terms

    * ball clay
  • claying
  • clayen
  • clayey
  • claymation
  • fire clay
  • potter’s clay

    Translations

    Inter: trans-top » mineral substance
  • Albanian: argjilë, deltinë
  • Arabic: Inter: Arab » طِين Inter: IPAchar » (ʈīen) {{m}}, Inter: Arab » صَلْصال Inter: IPAchar » (ʂalʂāl) {{m}}
  • Armenian: կավ (kav)
  • Aromanian: Inter: t- » rup|lut
  • Bulgarian: Inter: t+ » bg|глина|f|tr=glina
  • Catalan: Inter: t- » ca|argila|f, Inter: t+ » ca|fang|m
  • Chinese:
  • : Mandarin: Inter: t- » cmn|黏土|tr=niántǔ
  • Crimean Tatar: balçıq
  • Czech: Inter: t+ » cs|jíl|m
  • Danish: Inter: t+ » da|ler|n|c
  • Dutch: Inter: t+ » nl|klei|m
  • Esperanto: Inter: t- » eo|argilo
  • Estonian: Inter: t- » et|savi
  • Ewe: anyi {{n}}
  • Finnish: Inter: t+ » fi|savi
  • French: Inter: t+ » fr|argile|m
  • Georgian: თიხა (t‘ixa)
  • German: Inter: t+ » de|Lehm|m, Inter: t+ » de|Ton|m
  • Greek: Inter: t+ » el|άργιλος|m|tr=árgilos|sc=Grek, Inter: t+ » el|πηλός|m|tr=pilós|sc=Grek
  • Hawaiian: pālolo, lepo kāwili, lepo mānoanoa, lepo ʻūlikalika
  • Hebrew: Inter: t+ » he|חומר, Inter: t+ » he|טיט (Inter: l » he|ש״ע)
  • Hungarian: Inter: t+ » hu|agyag
  • Icelandic: Inter: t+ » is|leir|m
  • Irish: Inter: t- » ga|cré|f
  • Italian: Inter: t+ » it|argilla|f, Inter: t- » it|creta|f
  • Japanese: 粘土 (ねんど, néndo)
  • Kannada: Inter: t+ » kn|ಸೀರು|tr=sīru|sc=Knda, Inter: t+ » kn|ಕಂಪ|tr=kampa|sc=Knda, Inter: t+ » kn|ಆವೆ|tr=āve|sc=Knda, Inter: t+ » kn|ಅಡುಸು|tr=aḍusu|sc=Knda, Inter: t+ » kn|ಜೇಡಿ|tr=jēḍi|sc=Knda, Inter: t+ » kn|ಚೇಡಿ|tr=cēḍi|sc=Knda

  • Inter: trans-mi » d
    • Korean: 찰흙 (chalheuk)
    • Latin: Inter: t- » la|argilla|f, Inter: t- » la|lutum
    • Latvian: māls, māli, zeme
    • Lithuanian: dumblas, kūnas, molinis, molis, molžemis, palaikai, purvas
    • Mongolian: шавар, лаг, шороо
    • Persian: Inter: t+ » fa|گل|sc=fa-Arab|tr=gel
    • Polish: Inter: t+ » pl|glina|f
    • Portuguese: Inter: t+ » pt|argila|f
    • Romanian: Inter: t- » ro|argilă|f, Inter: t+ » ro|lut|n, Inter: t- » ro|hlei|n
    • Russian: Inter: t+ » ru|глина|f|tr=glína
    • Sardinian:
    • : Campidanese Sardinian: Inter: tø » sro|tuvulu, Inter: tø » sro|tùvula
    • : Gallurese Sardinian: Inter: tø » sdn|alzidda, Inter: tø » sdn|caccavina, Inter: tø » sdn|lugiàna
    • : Logudorese Sardinian: Inter: tø » src|lassèdu, Inter: tø » src|tuvulu, Inter: tø » src|luzàna
    • Sassarese Sardinian: Inter: tø » sdc|luzàna, Inter: tø » sdc|terrasanta
    • Scottish Gaelic: Inter: t- » gd|crèadh|f
    • Serbo-Croatian:
    • : Cyrillic: Inter: t- » sh|глина|f|alt=гли́на|sc=Cyrl
    • : Roman: Inter: t- » sh|glina|f|alt=glína
    • Slovene: Inter: t+ » sl|glina|f|alt=glína
    • Spanish: Inter: t+ » es|arcilla|f, Inter: t+ » es|barro|m
    • Swedish: Inter: t+ » sv|lera|c
    • Tajik: Inter: t- » tg|гил|sc=Cyrl|tr=gil
    • Tatar: балчык
    • Thai: Inter: Thai » ดินเหนียว (din nĭeow), Inter: Thai » ดินนวล (din nuan)
    • Turkish: Inter: t+ » tr|kil
    • Vietnamese: đất sét, sét
    • Volapük: Inter: t+ » vo|taim
    • Yiddish: Inter: t- » yi|ליים|tr=leym


    Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-top » tennis court surface
    • Bulgarian: Inter: t+ » bg|корт|m
    • French: Inter: t- » fr|terre battue|f
    • German: Inter: t+ » de|Asche|f


    Inter: trans-mi » d
  • Greek: Inter: t+ » el|άργιλος|m|tr=árgilos|sc=Grek
  • Spanish: Inter: t+ » es|arcilla|f

  • Inter: trans-botto » m

    See also

    * alluvium

    Verb

    Inter: en-ver » b
  • Inter: transitiv » e To add clay to, to spread clay onto.
    1. Inter: transitive » of sugar To purify using clay.
    2. 1776, Category: w - :Adam Smith|Adam Smith, Category: s - :The Wealth of Nations/Book IV/Chapter 7|An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, Book IV, Chapter 7: Of Colonies, Part 2: Causes of Prosperity of New Colonies,
    3. : They amounted, therefore, to a prohibition, at first of claying or refining sugar for any foreign market, and at present of claying or refining it for the market, which takes off, perhaps, more than nine-tenths of the whole produce.
    4. 1809, Jonathan Williams, On the Process of Claying Sugar, in Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, Volume 6.
    5. 1985, Stuart B. Schwartz, Sugar Plantations in the Formation of Brazilian Society: Bahia, 1550-1835, clays|claying|clayed+sugar%22&hl=en&ei=8sroTbfpEJCyuAOkwvS8Dw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5&sqi=2&ved=0CD8Q6AEwBA#v=onepage&q=%22clay|clays|claying|clayed%20sugar%22&f=false page 200,
    6. : The Portuguese had mastered the technique of claying sugar, and other European nations tried to learn the secrets from them.

      References


  • Krueger, Dennis (December 1982). "Why On Earth Do They Call It Throwing?" Studio Potter Vol. 11, Number 1.[http://www.studiopotter.org/articles/?art=art0001] (etymology)
  • Inter: R:Webster NCD 197 » 4
  • Clay, New Webster Dictionary of English Language, 1980 edition.

    Anagrams

    * acyl, lacy, Lacy

  • Category: ang:clay -
    Translation: ar » clay
    Translation: ca » clay
    Translation: cs » clay
    Translation: et » clay
    Translation: es » clay
    Translation: eo » clay
    Translation: fa » clay
    Translation: fr » clay
    Translation: ko » clay
    Translation: io » clay
    Translation: it » clay
    Translation: kn » clay
    Translation: kk » clay
    Translation: ku » clay
    Translation: lt » clay
    Translation: li » clay
    Translation: hu » clay
    Translation: mg » clay
    Translation: ml » clay
    Translation: my » clay
    Translation: nl » clay
    Translation: oc » clay
    Translation: pl » clay
    Translation: pt » clay
    Translation: ru » clay
    Translation: sm » clay
    Category: simple:clay -
    Translation: fi » clay
    Translation: ta » clay
    Translation: te » clay
    Translation: th » clay
    Translation: vi » clay
    Translation: zh » clay

    Clay at English (WD) Of Explained:

    Inter: also » clay

    English

    Etymology

    From a Inter: etyl » enm|en occupational name for a clay worker, or a habitational name, from Inter: etyl » ang Inter: term » clæg|clǣġ|clay|lang=ang.

    Pronunciation

    * Inter: IPA » /kleɪ/
  • Inter: rhymes » eɪ

    Proper noun

    Inter: en-proper nou » n

  • Inter: surname » from=Middle English
    1. Inter: given name » male|from=surnames transferred from the surname.
    2. 1968 Category: w - :Patrick White|Patrick White, Clay, in The Burnt Ones, Penguin Books, page 114:
    3. : When he was about five years old some kids asked Clay why his mother had called him that. And he did not know. But began to wonder.
    4. Inter: given name » male|diminutive=Clayton.


    Category: ang:Clay -
    Translation: ko » Clay
    Translation: pl » Clay
    Translation: ru » Clay
    Translation: sr » Clay