Online Dictionary

complement Explained

complement at CMU American English spelling Of Explained:

['kɔmpləmənt]

complement at English => English (English Etymology) Of Explained:

14c., "that which completes," from O.Fr. complement, from L. complementum "that which fills up or completes," from complere "fill up" (see complete). Originally also having senses which were taken up c.1655-1725 by compliment (q.v.). ///

complement at English => English (Longman) Of Explained:

n [C] [Date: 1300-1400; Language: Latin; Origin: complementum, from complere; COMPLETE1]//
1 someone or something that emphasizes the good qualities of another person or thing: complement to// --This wine would be a nice complement to grilled dishes.//
2 the number or quantity needed to make a group complete: complement of// --Each new cell will carry its full complement of chromosomes.//
3 technical a word or phrase that follows a verb and describes the subject of the verb. In 'John is cold' and 'John became chairman', 'cold' and 'chairman' are complements.:
complement 2 v [T] to make a good combination with someone or something else// --John and Bob complemented each other extremely well.// --The dark red walls complement the red leather chairs.//

complément at French => English Of Explained:

addendum, addition

complement at English => English (The Britannica Concise) Of Explained:

In physiology, a complex system of at least 20 proteins (complement components) in normal blood serum. The binding of one component to an antigen-antibody complex begins a chemical chain reaction important in many immunological processes, incl. breakdown of foreign and infected cells, ingestion of foreign particles and cell debris, and inflammation of surrounding tissue. Complement components and antibodies are the substances in human serum responsible for killing bacteria.

complement at English => English (Moby Thesaurus II) Of Explained:

267 Moby Thesaurus words for "complement":
A to Z, A to izzard, IC analysis, accession, accessory,
accompaniment, add to, addenda, addendum, additament, addition,
additive, additory, additum, adjunct, adjuvant, age group,
aggregate, all, all and sundry, allowance, ally, alpha and omega,
alter ego, analogon, analogue, annex, annexation, answer,
answer to, appanage, appendage, appendant, appositive,
appurtenance, appurtenant, assemblage, associate, attachment,
attribute, attributive, augment, augmentation, bakehead, band,
battalion, be-all, be-all and end-all, beginning and end, bellyful,
bevy, black gang, body, boilerman, brigade, brother, bumper, bunch,
bungs, cabal, cabin boy, capacity, cast, charge, chips, clique,
close copy, close match, coda, coequal, cognate, cohort,
commissary steward, companion, company, complete, completion,
concomitant, confirmation, congenator, congener,
construction modifier, consummation, contingent, continuation,
coordinate, corollary, corps, correlate, correlative, correspond,
correspond to, correspondent, coterie, counterpart, covey, cram,
crew, crowd, crush, cutting, deckhand, deckie, deep structure,
detachment, detail, direct object, division, each and every, eight,
eleven, enhance, enhancement, enrichment, equivalent, everything,
extension, extrapolation, faction, fellow, fill, filler, fireman,
first string, first team, five, fixture, fleet, form-function unit,
full house, full measure, function, gang, group, grouping,
groupment, gun loader, gunner, hand, hospital steward, image,
immediate constituent analysis, in-group, increase, increment,
indirect object, jam up, junta, kindred spirit, lading,
landing signalman, length and breadth, levels, like, likeness,
load, mail orderly, makeweight, mate, mob, modifier, mouthful,
movement, navigator, near duplicate, nine, object, obverse,
offshoot, oiler, one and all, out-group, outfit, pack, package,
package deal, parallel, party, peer group, pendant, perfect,
perfection, phalanx, phrase structure, picture, platoon, posse,
predicate, purser, qualifier, quorum, quota, radio operator, ranks,
reciprocal, reciprocate, regiment, reinforcement, reserves,
respond to, round out, roustabout, rowing crew, salon, second self,
second string, second team, set, set off, shallow structure,
side effect, side issue, similitude, simulacrum, sister, skinful,
slot, slot and filler, snip, snips, snootful, soul mate, sparks,
squad, stable, steward, stewardess, stoker, strata, string,
structure, subject, such, suchlike, supplement, surface structure,
syntactic analysis, syntactic structure, syntactics, syntax,
tagmeme, tailpiece, tally, team, the corpus, the ensemble,
the entirety, the like of, the likes of, the lot, the whole,
the whole range, third string, top off, torpedoman, tribe, troop,
troupe, twin, undergirding, underlying structure, varsity, watch,
wing, word arrangement, word order, yeoman

complement at Dutch => English Of Explained:

complement [kɔmpləmɛnt]
adjunct

complement at English => English (English Thesaurus) Of Explained:

่ฐานของเครื่องซักผ้าเพราะโดนน้ำบ่อย]
ADV. increasingly
def:[เป็นคำประกอบท้าย หมายความว่า อย่างมากกว่าเดิม]
syn:[เพิ่มขึ้น, มากขึ้น]
ant:[ลง, ลด]
sample:[เธอพิมพ์ดีดได้คล่องขึ้นกว่าเดิมเยอะ]
ADV. be tenable
def:[อย่างมีเหตุผลสมควร]
sample:[เหตุผลของเขาฟังไม่ขึ้นเลย]V. be under
syn:[สังกัด]
sample:[กรมป่าไม้ขึ้นกับกระทรวงเกษตรและสหกรณ์]V. learn a new thing at the first time
def:[มีเพศสัมพันธ์กับโสเภณี]
sample:[รุ่นพี่มักบังคับให้รุ่นน้องดื่มเหล้าและบังคับให้ขึ้นครูตามซ่องที่จัดไว้]
V. pay respect for a teacher
def:[ทำพิธีคำนับครูเมื่อแรกเข้าเรียน]
sample:[นักเรียนที่ดีตามประเพณีไทยต้องขึ้นครูเสียก่อนเล่าเรียนวิชาต่อไป]V. carry (a baby) on one's neck
syn:[ขี่คอ]V. be an old maid
def:[หาคู่แต่งงานที่คู

complement at English => English (Oxford Advanced Learners) Of Explained:

verb, noun
verb [VN] to add to sth in a way that improves it or makes it more attractive:
The excellent menu is complemented by a good wine list. * The team needs players who complement each other. -> COMPLIMENT
noun
1 ~ (to sth) a thing that adds new qualities to sth in a way that improves it or makes it more attractive
2 the complete number or quantity needed or allowed:
We've taken our full complement of trainees this year.
3 (grammar) a word or words, especially an adjective or a noun, that is used after linking verbs such as be and become, and describes the subject of the verb:
In the sentences 'I'm angry' and 'He became a politician.', 'angry' and 'politician' are complements.

Complement at English => English (Websters 1913) Of Explained:

Complement \Com"ple*ment\, n. [L. complementun: cf. F.
compl['e]ment. See {Complete}, v. t., and cf. {Compliment}.]
1. That which fills up or completes; the quantity or number
required to fill a thing or make it complete.

2. That which is required to supply a deficiency, or to
complete a symmetrical whole.

History is the complement of poetry. --Sir J.
Stephen.

3. Full quantity, number, or amount; a complete set;
completeness.

To exceed his complement and number appointed him
which was one hundred and twenty persons. --Hakluyt.

4. (Math.) A second quantity added to a given quantity to
make it equal to a third given quantity.

5. Something added for ornamentation; an accessory. [Obs.]

Without vain art or curious complements. --Spenser.

6. (Naut.) The whole working force of a vessel.

7. (Mus.) The interval wanting to complete the octave; -- the
fourth is the complement of the fifth, the sixth of the
third.

8. A compliment. [Obs.] --Shak.

{Arithmetical compliment of a logarithm}. See under
{Logarithm}.

{Arithmetical complement of a number} (Math.), the difference
between that number and the next higher power of 10; as, 4
is the complement of 6, and 16 of 84.

{Complement of an} {arc or angle} (Geom.), the difference
between that arc or angle and 90[deg].

{Complement of a parallelogram}. (Math.) See {Gnomon}.

{In her complement} (Her.), said of the moon when represented
as full.

Complement \Com"ple*ment\, v. t.
1. To supply a lack; to supplement. [R.]

2. To compliment. [Obs.] --Jer. Taylor.

complement at English => English (Computer) Of Explained:

. wave length
ДЪЛЖИНА ва окръжност circumference
2. (за време) length (и фон, муз.)
ДЪЛЖИНА на деня daylight, number of daylight hours1. long
този мост е ДЪ

complement at English => English (WordNet) Of Explained:

complement
n 1: a word or phrase used to complete a grammatical construction
2: a complete number or quantity; "a full complement"
3: number needed to make up whole force; "a full complement of
workers" [syn: {full complement}]
4: something added to complete or make perfect; "a fine wine is
a perfect complement to the dinner"
5: one of a series of enzymes in the blood serum that are part
of the immune response
6: either of two parts that mutually complete each other
v : make complete or perfect; supply what is wanting or form the
complement to; "I need some pepper to complement the
sweet touch in the soup"

complement at English (WD) Of Explained:

==English==
Inter: wikipedi » a
Category: Image - :Venn_B_minus_A.png|150px|thumb|The relative complement of A in B

Etymology

From Inter: etyl » la Inter: term » complementum||that which fills up or completes, from Inter: term » complere||to fill up, complete, with some senses from Inter: etyl » fro.

Pronunciation

* Inter: a » UK Inter: IPA » /ˈkɒmpləmənt/, Inter: X-SAMPA » /"kQmpl@m@nt/
  • Inter: a » GenAm Inter: IPA » /ˈkɑːmpləmənt/, Inter: X-SAMPA » /"kA:mpl@m@nt/
  • Inter: homophones » compliment (in some dialects)

    Noun

    Inter: en-nou » n


  • Inter: context » now|_|rare Something (or someone) that completes; the consummation. Inter: defdate » from 14th c.
    1. 1621, Inter: w » Robert Burton, The Anatomy of Melancholy:
    2. : perform all those works of mercy, which Clemens Alexandrinus calls amoris et amicitiæ impletionem et extentionem, the extent and complement of love ....
    3. Inter: obsolet » e The act of completing something, or the fact of being complete; completion, completeness, fulfilment. Inter: defdate » 15th-18th c.
    4. 1590, Inter: w » Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, III.5:
    5. : And both encreast the prayse of woman kynde, / And both encreast her beautie excellent: / So all did make in her a perfect complement.
    6. The totality, the full amount or number which completes something. Inter: defdate » from 16th c.
    7. 1851, Inter: w » Herman Melville, Moby-Dick:
    8. : Queequeg sought a passage to Christian lands. But the ship, having her full complement of seamen, spurned his suit; and not all the King his father's influence could prevail.
    9. 2009, The Guardian, 30 Oct 09:
    10. : Some 11 members of Somerton council's complement of 15 stepped down on Tuesday.
    11. Inter: obsolet » e Something which completes one's equipment, dress etc.; an accessory. Inter: defdate » 16th-17th c.
    12. 1603, Inter: w » John Florio, translating Michel de Montaigne, Essays, I.42:
    13. : A man should be judged by himselfe, and not by his complements.
    14. Inter: heraldr » y Fullness (of the moon). Inter: defdate » from 17th c.
    15. 1912, Allen Phoebe, Peeps at Heraldry, p. 33:
    16. : The sixth Bishop of Ely had very curious arms, for he bore both sun and moon on his shield, the sun "in his splendour" and the moon "in her complement".
    17. Inter: astronomy » geometry An angle which, together with a given angle, makes a right angle. Inter: defdate » from 18th c.
    18. Something which completes, something which combines with something else to make up a complete whole; loosely, something perceived to be a harmonious or desirable partner or addition. Inter: defdate » from 19th c.
    19. 2009, The Guardian, 13 Dec 09:
    20. : London's Kings Place, now one year old, established itself as a venue for imaginative programming, a complement to the evergreen Wigmore Hall.
    21. Inter: gramma » r A word or group of words that completes a grammatical construction in the predicate and that describes or is identified with the subject or object. Inter: defdate » from 19th c.
    22. Inter: musi » c An interval which, together with the given interval, makes an octave. Inter: defdate » from 19th c.
    23. Inter: optic » s The color which, when mixed with the given color, gives black (for mixing pigments) or white (for mixing light). Inter: defdate » from 19th c.
    24. : The complement of blue is orange.
    25. Inter: set theor » y Given two sets, the set containing one set's elements that are not members of the other set (whether a relative complement or an absolute complement). Inter: defdate » from 20th c.
    26. : The complement of the odd numbers is the even numbers, relative to the natural numbers.
    27. Inter: immunolog » y One of several blood proteins that work with antibodies during an immune response. Inter: defdate » from 20th c.
    28. Inter: logi » c An expression related to some other expression such that it is true under the same conditions that make other false, and vice versa. Inter: defdate » from 20th c.
    29. Inter: electronic » s A voltage level with the opposite logical sense to the given one.
    30. Inter: computin » g A bit with the opposite value to the given one; the logical complement of a number.
    31. Inter: computing » mathematics The diminished radix complement of a number; the nines' complement of a decimal number; the ones' complement of a binary number.
    32. : The complement of 01100101_2 is 10011010_2.
    33. Inter: computing » mathematics The radix complement of a number; the two's complement of a binary number.
    34. : The complement of 01100101_2 is 10011011_2.
    35. Inter: computing » mathematics The numeric complement of a number.
    36. : The complement of -123 is 123.
    37. Inter: genetic » s A nucleotide sequence in which each base is replaced by the complementary base of the given sequence: adenine (A) by thymine (T) or uracil (U), cytosine (C) by guanine (G), and vice versa.
    38. : A DNA molecule is formed from two strands, each of which is the complement of the other.
    39. Inter: obsolete spelling of » compliment

      Related terms

      Inter: rel-top » terms related to "complement"

  • complementary
  • counterpart
  • full complement
  • logical complement
  • numeric complement
  • radix complement
  • diminished radix complement
  • ones' complement

  • Inter: rel-mi » d
    • pseudo-complement
    • nines' complement
    • orthocomplement
    • orthogonal complement
    • relative pseudo-complement
    • ten's complement
    • two's complement
    • subject complement


    Inter: rel-botto » m

    Translations

    Inter: trans-top » something which complements
  • Bulgarian: Inter: t+ » bg|допълнение|n, Inter: t+ » bg|добавка|f
  • Finnish: Inter: t+ » fi|täydennys

  • Inter: trans-mi » d
    • Russian: Inter: t+ » ru|дополнение|n|tr=dopolnénie
    • Spanish: Inter: t+ » es|complemento


    Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-top » angle which, together with a given angle, makes a right angle
    • Finnish: Inter: t+ » fi|komplementti


    Inter: trans-mi » d
  • Russian: Inter: t- » ru|дополнение до прямого угла|n|

  • Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-top » set theory: relative complement
    • Czech: Inter: t- » cs|doplněk|m
    • Japanese: Inter: t- » ja|差集合|tr=さしゅうごう, sashūgō


    Inter: trans-mi » d
  • Polish: Inter: t+ » pl|dopełnienie|n
  • Russian: Inter: t- » ru|разность множеств|f|tr=ráznost' mnóžestv

  • Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-top » set theory: absolute complement
    • Finnish: Inter: t+ » fi|komplementti
    • Japanese: Inter: t- » ja|補集合|tr=ほしゅうごう, hoshūgō


    Inter: trans-mi » d
  • Polish: Inter: t+ » pl|dopełnienie|n
  • Russian: Inter: t+ » ru|дополнение|n|tr=dopolnénie

  • Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-top » expression which is true when the other is false, and vice versa
    • Finnish: Inter: t+ » fi|komplementti


    Inter: trans-mi » d
    Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-top » voltage level with the opposite logical sense to the given one
    Inter: trans-mi » d
    Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-top » word or group of words completing the predicate, identified with the subject or object
    • Bulgarian: Inter: t+ » bg|допълнение|n
    • Czech: Inter: t- » cs|doplněk|m
    • Esperanto: Inter: t- » eo|komplemento
    • Finnish: Inter: t+ » fi|määre, Inter: t+ » fi|attribuutti; Inter: qualifier » completing the predicate but not being the object Inter: t+ » fi|predikatiivi


    Inter: trans-mi » d
  • Manx: Inter: t- » gv|aachione|m
  • Russian: Inter: t+ » ru|дополнение|n|tr=dopolnénie

  • Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-top » bit with the opposite value to the given one
    • Finnish: Inter: t+ » fi|komplementti, Inter: t- » fi|binäärikomplementti


    Inter: trans-mi » d
    Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-top » diminished radix complement of a number
    • Finnish: Inter: t- » fi|yhden komplementti


    Inter: trans-mi » d
    Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-top » radix complement of a number
    • Finnish: Inter: t- » fi|kahden komplementti


    Inter: trans-mi » d
    Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-top » numeric complement of a number
    • Finnish: Inter: t+ » fi|vastaluku


    Inter: trans-mi » d
    Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-top » interval which, together with the given interval, makes an octave
    Inter: trans-mi » d
    Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-top » color which, when mixed with the given color, gives black
    • Finnish: Inter: t- » fi|komplementtiväri, Inter: t- » fi|täydennysväri


    Inter: trans-mi » d
  • Russian: Inter: t+ » ru|дополнительныйInter: t+ » ru|цвет|m|tr=dopolnítel'nyj cvet

  • Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-top » nucleotide sequence in which each base is replaced by the complementary base of the given sequence
    • Russian: Inter: t- » ru|последовательность комплементарных оснований|f|


    Inter: trans-mi » d
    Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-top » one of several blood proteins that work with antibodies during an immune response
    • Russian: Inter: t+ » ru|комплемент|m|tr=komplemént


    Inter: trans-mi » d
    Inter: trans-botto » m

    Verb

    Inter: en-ver » b
  • To complete, to bring to perfection, to make whole.
    1. : We believe your addition will complement the team.
    2. To provide what the partner lacks and lack what the partner provides.
    3. : The flavors of the pepper and garlic complement each other, giving a very rich taste in combination.
    4. : I believe our talents really complement each other.
    5. To change a voltage, number, color, etc. to its complement.
    6. Inter: obsolete form of » compliment.

      Translations

      Inter: trans-top » to complete

  • Bulgarian: Inter: t+ » bg|допълвам
  • Czech: Inter: t- » cs|doplnit
  • Dutch: Inter: t+ » nl|aanvullen, Inter: t- » nl|volmaken
  • French: Inter: t+ » fr|compléter

  • Inter: trans-mi » d
    • German: Inter: t » de|ergänzen
    • Spanish: Inter: t+ » es|complementar
    • Turkish: Inter: t+ » tr|tamamlama, Inter: t+ » tr|tamamlamak, Inter: t+ » tr|tekmil, Inter: t+ » tr|tekmil etmek


    Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-top » to provide what the partner lacks and lack what the partner provides
    • Bulgarian: Inter: t+ » bg|допълвам
    • Catalan: Inter: t+ » ca|complementar
    • Dutch: Inter: t+ » nl|aanvullen
    • Estonian: Inter: t- » et|täiendama


    Inter: trans-mi » d
  • Finnish: Inter: t+ » fi|täydentää
  • French: Inter: t+ » fr|complémenter
  • Hebrew: Inter: t- » he|השלים|tr=hishlím
  • Spanish: Inter: t+ » es|complementar, Inter: t+ » es|complementarse

  • Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-top » to change a voltage, number, color, etc. to its complement
    Inter: trans-mi » d
    Inter: trans-botto » m

    See also

    * compliment
    • invert
    • inversion
    • negate
    • negation
    • supplement

      References

      * DeLone et. al. (Eds.) (1975). Aspects of Twentieth-Century Music. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall. ISBN 0130493465.


    Translation: ar » complement
    Translation: et » complement
    Translation: el » complement
    Translation: es » complement
    Translation: eo » complement
    Translation: fa » complement
    Translation: fr » complement
    Translation: ko » complement
    Translation: io » complement
    Translation: id » complement
    Translation: it » complement
    Translation: kn » complement
    Translation: ku » complement
    Translation: hu » complement
    Translation: mg » complement
    Translation: ml » complement
    Translation: my » complement
    Translation: nl » complement
    Translation: no » complement
    Translation: pl » complement
    Category: simple:complement -
    Translation: fi » complement
    Translation: sv » complement
    Translation: ta » complement
    Translation: te » complement
    Translation: tr » complement
    Translation: vi » complement
    Translation: zh » complement

    complément at English (WD) Of Explained:

    Inter: also » complement

    French

    Noun

    Inter: fr-noun » m|sort=complement
  • complement, thing added that makes a whole
    1. Inter: mathematics » lang=fr complement
    2. Inter: optics » lang=fr complement

      Related terms

      * Inter: l » fr|complémentaire


    Translation: cs » complément
    Translation: et » complément
    Translation: el » complément
    Translation: fr » complément
    Translation: ko » complément
    Translation: io » complément
    Translation: hu » complément
    Translation: mg » complément
    Translation: pl » complément
    Translation: fi » complément
    Translation: tr » complément
    Translation: vi » complément
    Translation: zh » complément