Online Dictionary

crank Explained

crank at CMU American English spelling Of Explained:

[kræŋk]

crank at English => English (English Etymology) Of Explained:

O.E. cranc- preserved only in crancst?if "a weaver's instrument," from P.Gmc. base *krank-, and related to crincan "to bend, yield." Eng. retains the literal sense of the ancient root, while Ger. and Du. krank "sick," formerly "weak, small," is a figurative use. The sense of "an eccentric person," especially one who is irrationally fixated, is first recorded 1833, said to be from the crank of a barrel organ, which makes it play the same tune over and over, but more likely a back-formation from cranky "cross-tempered, irritable" (1821), and evolving from earlier senses of "a twist or fanciful turn of speech" (1594) or "inaccessible hole or crevice" (1562). Popularized 1881 when it was applied to Horace Greeley during Guiteau's trial. The verb meaning "turning a crank" is first attested 1908, with reference to automobile engines. ///

crank at English => English (Longman) Of Explained:

n [C] [Language: Old English; Origin: cranc]//
1 a handle on a piece of equipment, that you can turn in order to move something:
2 informal someone who has unusual ideas and behaves strangely: --Zoff was originally dismissed as a crank, but his theories later became very influential.//
3 crank call/letter: a telephone call or letter in which someone says annoying things//
4 AmE informal someone who easily gets angry or annoyed with people:
crank 2 v also crank up // [T] to make something move by turning a crank// --Try cranking the engine .// crank up [crank sth → up] phr v// to make the sound of something, especially music, louder// --We cranked up the volume .// crank out [crank sth → out] phr v// to produce a lot of something very quickly// --He cranked out three novels last year.//

crank at English => English (GNU/Linux) Of Explained:

A classical CRypto ANalysis toolKit Crank is short for "CRyptANalysis toolKit", and its overall purpose is to provide a powerful and extensible environment for solving classical (pen-and-paper) ciphers, providing as much automation as possible. Classical ciphers include common schemes like monoalphabetic substitutions, where each letter of the alphabet is mapped to another (usually different) letter consistently through the text. The first version of Crank is restricting itself to these special ciphers. Other algorithms forever devoid of Crank's attentions include Enigma, RSA, DES, MurkelFish, or anything else invented after 1900. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/

crank at English => English (The Britannica Concise) Of Explained:

In mechanics, an arm secured at right angles to a shaft with which it can rotate or oscillate. Next to the wheel, the crank is the most important motion-transmitting device, because, with the connecting rod, it provides means for converting linear to rotary motion, and vice versa. The first recognizable crank is said to have appeared in China in the 1st cent. AD. The carpenter's brace was invented c.1400 by a Flemish carpenter. The first mechanical connecting rods were reportedly used on a treadle-operated machine in 1430. About this time, flywheels were added to the rotating members to carry the members over the "dead" positions when the rod and the crank arm are lined up with each other.

crank at English => English (Moby Thesaurus II) Of Explained:

257 Moby Thesaurus words for "crank":
L, Tartar, abnormal, aficionado, alien, angle, angle off,
anomalous, apex, bar, beam, bear, bee, bellyacher, bend, bifurcate,
bifurcation, bight, boom, boutade, brainstorm, branch, branks,
buff, bug, cant, cant hook, capriccio, caprice, case, character,
chevron, circle, circulate, circumrotate, circumvolute, claw bar,
coin, complainant, complainer, conceit, corner, crab, crackbrain,
crackpot, crank in, crankish, cranky, craze, crazy idea, croaker,
crook, crosspatch, crotchet, crotchety, crow, crowbar,
cucking stool, cuckoo, deflection, deviant, deviative, devotee,
different, ding-a-ling, divergent, dogleg, dotty, dragon, draw in,
draw taut, ducking stool, eccentric, elbow, ell, energumen,
enthusiast, erratic, exceptional, fad, fan, fanatic, fanatico,
fancy, fantastic notion, fantasy, faultfinder, feist, fey,
finger pillory, fire-eater, flake, flaky, flimflam, fool notion,
fork, freak, freakish, freakish inspiration, frondeur, funny,
furcate, furcation, fury, go around, go round, griper,
grizzly bear, grouch, grouser, growler, grumbler, gyrate, gyre,
handspike, harebrain, harebrained idea, hermit, hobo, hook,
hothead, hotspur, humor, idiocratic, idiosyncratic, infatuate,
inflection, iron crow, irregular, jimmy, kicker, kink, kinky, knee,
kook, kooky, kvetch, lever, limb, lone wolf, loner, lunatic,
lunatic fringe, maggot, maggoty, malcontent, marlinespike,
maverick, megrim, meshuggenah, monomaniac, murmurer, mutterer,
natural, nonconformist, nook, notion, nut, nutty, odd, odd fellow,
oddball, oddity, original, outrigger, outsider, pariah,
passing fancy, peavey, peculiar, pedal, pillory, pinch bar,
pirouette, pivot, point, prize, pry, pull in, queer, queer duck,
queer fish, queer specimen, querulous person, quirk, quirky, quoin,
rara avis, reactionary, reactionist, rebel, recluse, reel, reel in,
revolve, ripping bar, rotate, round, screw, screwball, screwy,
singular, solitary, sorehead, sourpuss, spar, spin, stocks,
strange, strange duck, swerve, swing, swivel, tackle, tauten,
tighten, toy, tramp, treadle, treadmill, trebuchet, triangle,
triangles, trim, turn, turn a pirouette, turn around, turn round,
twist, twisted, type, ugly customer, unconventional, unnatural,
vagary, veer, vertex, wacky, wamble, weirdo, wheel, whim,
whim-wham, whimsical, whimsy, whiner, whipping post, winch, wind,
wind in, windlass, wooden horse, wrecking bar, zag, zealot, zig,
zigzag

crank at English => English (English Thesaurus) Of Explained:

[N] (Madman): madman, lunatic, maniac, madcap, crank.

crank at English => English (Oxford Advanced Learners) Of Explained:

noun, verb
noun


1 (disapproving) a person with ideas that other people find strange:
Vegetarians are no longer dismissed as cranks. * Everybody famous gets crank calls and letters.

2 (AmE) a person who easily gets angry or annoyed:
The old crank next door can't stand the sound of our lawnmower.

3 a bar and handle in the shape of an L that you pull or turn to produce movement in a machine, etc.
verb [VN] ~ sth (up) to make sth turn or move by using a crank:
to crank an engine * (figurative) He has a limited time to crank the reforms into action.
PHRASAL VERBS
crank sth<->out (AmE, informal) to produce a lot of sth quickly, especially things of low quality
SYN TURN OUT
crank sth<->up (informal)
1 to make a machine, etc. work or work at a higher level
2 to make music, etc. louder
SYN TURN UP:
Crank up the volume!

Crank at English => English (Websters 1913) Of Explained:

Crank \Crank\ (kr?nk), n. [OE. cranke; akin to E. cringe,
cringle, crinkle, and to crank, a., the root meaning,
probably, ``to turn, twist.'' See {Cringe}.]
1. (Mach.) A bent portion of an axle, or shaft, or an arm
keyed at right angles to the end of a shaft, by which
motion is imparted to or received from it; also used to
change circular into reciprocating motion, or
reciprocating into circular motion. See {Bell crank}.

2. Any bend, turn, or winding, as of a passage.

So many turning cranks these have, so many crooks.
--Spenser.

Crank \Crank\ (kr?nk), a. [AS. cranc weak; akin to Icel. krangr,
D. & G. krank sick, weak (cf. D. krengen to careen). Cf.
{Crank}, n.]
1. Sick; infirm. [Prov. Eng.]

2. (Naut.) Liable to careen or be overset, as a ship when she
is too narrow, or has not sufficient ballast, or is loaded
too high, to carry full sail.

3. Full of spirit; brisk; lively; sprightly; overconfident;
opinionated.

He who was, a little before, bedrid, . . . was now
crank and lusty. --Udall.

If you strong electioners did not think you were
among the elect, you would not be so crank about it.
--Mrs. Stowe.

Crank \Crank\, v. i. [See {Crank}, n.]
To run with a winding course; to double; to crook; to wind
and turn.

See how this river comes me cranking in. --Shak.

crank at English => English (WordNet) Of Explained:

crank
n 1: a bad-tempered person [syn: {grouch}, {grump}, {churl}, {crosspatch}]
2: a whimsically eccentric person [syn: {crackpot}, {nut}, {nut
case}, {nutcase}, {fruitcake}, {screwball}]
3: amphetamine used in the form of a crystalline hydrochloride;
used as a stimulant to the nervous system and as an
appetite suppressant [syn: {methamphetamine}, {methamphetamine
hydrochloride}, {Methedrine}, {meth}, {deoxyephedrine}, {chalk},
{chicken feed}, {glass}, {ice}, {shabu}, {trash}]
4: a hand tool consisting of a rotating shaft with parallel
handle [syn: {starter}]

crank
v 1: travel along a zigzag path; "The river zigzags through the
countryside" [syn: {zigzag}]
2: start by cranking; "crank up the engine" [syn: {crank up}]
3: rotate with a crank [syn: {crank up}]
4: fasten with a crank
5: bend into the shape of a crank

crank
adj : (used of boats) inclined to heel over easily under sail
[syn: {cranky}, {tender}, {tippy}]

crank at English (WD) Of Explained:

==English==
Inter: wikipedia » dab=crank

Etymology

Inter: etyl » ang Inter: term » cranc|lang=ang

Pronunciation

* Inter: IPA » /kɹæŋk/, Inter: X-SAMPA » /kr\{Nk/
  • Inter: audio » en-us-crank.ogg|Audio (US)
  • Inter: rhymes » æŋk

    Adjective

    Inter: en-adj » er


  • Inter: slan » g Strange, weird, odd.

    Noun

    Inter: en-nou » n

  • A bent piece of an axle or shaft, or an attached arm perpendicular, or nearly so, to the end of a shaft or wheel, used to impart a rotation to a wheel or other mechanical device; also used to change circular into reciprocating motion, or reciprocating into circular motion.Inter: rfe » x
    1. The act of converting power into motion, by turning a crankshaft.
    2. : Yes, a crank was all it needed to start.
    3. Inter: archai » c Any bend, turn, or winding, as of a passage.
    4. Inter: rfdat » e Spenser:
    5. : So many turning cranks these have, so many crooks.
    6. Inter: informa » l An ill-tempered or nasty person
    7. : Billy-Bob is a nasty old crank! He chased my cat away.
    8. Inter: informal » British|dated in US A person who is considered strange or odd by others. They may behave in unconventional ways.
    9. : John is a crank because he talks to himself.
    10. 1882 January 14, in Pall Mall Gazette:
    11. : Persons whom the Americans since Guiteau's trial have begun to designate as cranks’—that is to say, persons of disordered mind, in whom the itch of notoriety supplies the lack of any higher ambition.
    12. Inter: informa » l An advocate of a pseudoscience movement.
    13. : That crank next door thinks hes created cold fusion in his garage.''
    14. Inter: US » slang methamphetamine.
    15. : Danny got abscesses from shooting all that bathtub crank.
    16. Inter: rar » e A twist or turn in speech; a conceit consisting in a change of the form or meaning of a word.
    17. Inter: rfdat » e Milton:
    18. : Quips, and cranks, and wanton wiles.
    19. Inter: nautica » l A ship which, because of insufficient or poorly stowed ballast or cargo, is in danger of overturning.

      Translations

      Inter: trans-top » bent piece

  • Bulgarian: Inter: t+ » bg|коляно|n, Inter: t+ » bg|манивела|f
  • Catalan: Inter: t- » ca|maneta|f
  • Finnish: Inter: t- » fi|kampi, Inter: t- » fi|veivi
  • French: Inter: t+ » fr|manivelle|f
  • German: Inter: t- » de|Kurbel|f
  • Greek: Inter: t+ » el|στρόφαλος|m|tr=strófalos|sc=Grek
  • Irish: Inter: t- » ga|crangaid|f

  • Inter: trans-mi » d
    • Portuguese: Inter: t- » pt|manivela|f
    • Romanian: Inter: t+ » ro|manivelă
    • Russian: Inter: t+ » ru|кривошип|m|sc=Cyrl|tr=krivošíp|alt=кривоши́п
    • Slovak: Inter: t- » sk|kľuka|f
    • Spanish: Inter: t- » es|manivela
    • Swedish: Inter: t+ » sv|vev|c
    • Turkish: Inter: t+ » tr|kol, Inter: t+ » tr|manivela


    Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-top » act of turning a crankshaft
    • Finnish: veivaaminen, kampeaminen, Inter: t- » fi|veivaus
    • German: Inter: t- » de|Kurbeln|n
    • Romanian: Inter: t+ » ro|rotire, Inter: t- » ro|învârtire


    Inter: trans-mi » d
  • Swedish: Inter: t- » sv|vevning|c
  • Turkish: Inter: l » tr|kolu Inter: t+ » tr|çevirme

  • Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-top » any bend, turn, or winding, as of a passage
    • Finnish: Inter: t+ » fi|mutka
    • Russian: Inter: t+ » ru|крюк|m|sc=Cyrl|tr=krjuk, Inter: t+ » ru|поворот|m|sc=Cyrl|tr=povorót|alt=поворо́т, Inter: t+ » ru|изгиб|m|sc=Cyrl|tr=izgíb|alt=изги́б


    Inter: trans-mi » d
    Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-top » ill-tempered or nasty person
    • Bulgarian: Inter: t+ » bg|чудак|m
    • Finnish: Inter: t- » fi|kränkkä, Inter: t- » fi|känkkäränkkä, Inter: t+ » fi|kääkkä
    • German: Inter: qualifier » colloquial Inter: t+ » de|Miesepeter|m
    • Greek: Inter: t+ » el|μονομανής|m|f|tr=monomanís|sc=Grek, Inter: t+ » el|λοξίας|m|tr=loxías|sc=Grek


    Inter: trans-mi » d
  • Romanian: Inter: t- » ro|maniac
  • Serbo-Croatian: Inter: t- » sh|čudak|m|alt=čùdāk, Inter: t- » sh|čudakinja|f|alt=čudàkinja
  • Spanish: Inter: t+ » es|cascarrabias|m, Inter: t+ » es|maniático|m
  • Turkish: Inter: t+ » tr|huysuz

  • Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-see » methamphetamine
    Inter: trans-top » slang: strange person
    • German: Inter: t+ » de|Sonderling|m, Inter: qualifier » colloquial Inter: t+ » de|Spinner|m, Inter: l » de|wunderlicher Inter: t+ » de|Kauz|m
    • Russian: Inter: t+ » ru|чудак|m|sc=Cyrl|tr=čudák|alt=чуда́к


    Inter: trans-mi » d
  • Turkish: Inter: l » tr|acaip Inter: t+ » tr|kimse

  • Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-top » twist or turn in speech
    • Finnish: Inter: t- » fi|käänne, Inter: t- » fi|veivaus


    Inter: trans-mi » d
  • Turkish: Inter: t+ » tr|kelime oyunu

  • Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-top » ship in danger of overturning
    Inter: trans-mi » d
    Inter: trans-botto » m

    Verb

    Inter: en-ver » b
  • Inter: transitiv » e To turn by means of a crank.
    1. : Motorists had to crank their engine by hand.
    2. Inter: intransitiv » e To turn a crank.
    3. : Hes been cranking all day and yet it refuses to crank.''
    4. Inter: intransitive » of a crank or similar To turn.
    5. : Hes been cranking all day and yet it refuses to crank.''
    6. Inter: transitiv » e To cause to spin via other means, as though turned by a crank.
    7. : I turn the key and crank the engine; yet it doesnt turn over''
    8. : Crank it up!
    9. Inter: intransitiv » e To act in a cranky manner; to behave unreasonably and irritably, especially through complaining.
    10. : Quit cranking about your spilt milk!
    11. Inter: intransitiv » e To be running at a high level of output or effort.
    12. : By one hour into the shift, the boys were really cranking.
    13. Inter: quote-book » title=Green IT For Dummies|author=Carol Baroudi, Jeffrey Hill, Arnold Reinhold|year=2009|passage=Better computers use variable speed fans so they run at top speed only when the computer is really cranking
    14. Inter: quote-book » title=I Have Fun Everywhere I Go: Savage Tales of Pot, Porn, Punk Rock, ...|author=Mike Edison|year=2009|passage=When we were playing at the top of our ability and really cranking, the whole thing could sound like a jet plane taking off in the club.
    15. Inter: quote-book » title=The Incessant Voice of War: The Black Rose Conspiracies|page=64|author=P. L. Nelson|year=2011|passage=expected that the NVA and VC were in a position to dish out what they're dishing out, and the rumor mill is really cranking overtime.
    16. Inter: intransitive » dated To run with a winding course; to double; to crook; to wind and turn.
    17. Inter: rfdat » e Category: w - :William Shakespeare|William Shakespeare:
    18. : See how this river comes me cranking in.

      Translations

      Inter: trans-top » to turn a crank

  • Finnish: Inter: t+ » fi|kammeta, Inter: t+ » fi|veivata
  • Slovak: Inter: t- » sk|roztociť, Inter: t- » sk|vypeckovať

  • Inter: trans-mi » d
    • Swedish: Inter: t+ » sv|veva


    Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-top » to cause to spin via other means, as though turned by a crank
    • Finnish: Inter: t- » fi|pyörittää


    Inter: trans-mi » d
    Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-top » to act in a cranky manner
    • Finnish: Inter: t- » fi|marmattaa, Inter: t+ » fi|valittaa


    Inter: trans-mi » d
    Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-top » to produce or present a desired object
    • Finnish: Inter: t- » fi|pyöräyttää


    Inter: trans-mi » d
    Inter: trans-botto » m

    Derived terms

    Inter: rel-top3 » Terms derived from the noun of verb crank
    • crank axle
    • crank call
    • crankcase
    • crank out
    • crankpin


    Inter: rel-mid » 3
  • crank pin
  • crank shaft
  • crankstart Inter: pos_ » v
  • crank start Inter: pos_ » n

  • Inter: rel-mid » 3
    • crank up
    • crank wheel
    • cranky
    • turn someone's crank


    Inter: rel-botto » m
    Translation: et » crank
    Translation: fa » crank
    Translation: ko » crank
    Translation: io » crank
    Translation: kn » crank
    Translation: mg » crank
    Translation: my » crank
    Translation: nl » crank
    Translation: pl » crank
    Translation: ru » crank
    Translation: fi » crank
    Translation: ta » crank
    Translation: te » crank
    Translation: vi » crank
    Translation: zh » crank