Online Dictionary

craven Explained

craven at CMU American English spelling Of Explained:


craven at English => English (English Etymology) Of Explained:

c.1225, perhaps from O.Fr. cravante "defeated," pp. of cravanter, from L. crepare "to crack, creak." Sense affected by crave and moved from "defeated" to "cowardly" (1581) perhaps via intermediary sense of "confess oneself defeated." ///

craven at English => English (Longman) Of Explained:

adj [Date: 1100-1200; Origin: Perhaps from Old French crevant, present participle of crever 'to burst, break']// formal completely lacking courage// cowardly// --He had a craven fear of flying.// -- cravenly adv //

craven at English => English (Moby Thesaurus II) Of Explained:

19 Moby Thesaurus words for "craven":
base, caitiff, chicken, coward, dastard, dastardly, dunghill,
dunghilly, funk, funker, gutless, lily-livered, poltroon,
poltroonish, pusillanimous, quitter, recreant, spunkless,

craven at English => English (Oxford Advanced Learners) Of Explained:

(formal, disapproving) lacking courage
cravenly adverb

CRAVEN at English => English (Bouviers Law) Of Explained:

on government officials.
caustically adverb:
'You are no help at all,' she said caustically.noun
[U] a chemical used in making p

Craven at English => English (Websters 1913) Of Explained:

Craven \Cra"ven\ (kr?"v'n), a. [OE. cravant, cravaunde, OF.
cravant? struck down, p. p. of cravanter, crevanter, to
break, crush, strike down, fr. an assumed LL. crepantare, fr.
L. crepans, p. pr. of crepare to break, crack, rattle. Cf.
{Crevice}, {Crepitate}.]
Cowardly; fainthearted; spiritless. ``His craven heart.''

The poor craven bridegroom said never a word. --Sir. W.

In craven fear of the sarcasm of Dorset. --Macaulay.

Craven \Cra"ven\, n. [Formerly written also cravant and
A recreant; a coward; a weak-hearted, spiritless fellow. See
{Recreant}, n.

King Henry. Is it fit this soldier keep his oath?
Fluellen. He is a craven and a villain else. --Shak.

Syn: Coward; poltroon; dastard.

Craven \Cra"ven\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Cravened} (-v'nd); p. pr.
& vb. n. {Cravening}.]
To make recreant, weak, spiritless, or cowardly. [Obs.]

There is a prohibition so divine, That cravens my weak
hand. --Shak.

craven at English => English (WordNet) Of Explained:

adj : lacking even the rudiments of courage; abjectly fearful;
"the craven fellow turned and ran"; "a craven proposal
to raise the white flag"; "this recreant knight"-
Spenser [syn: {recreant}]
n : an abject coward [syn: {poltroon}, {recreant}]

craven at English (WD) Of Explained:



From Inter: etyl » enm|en Inter: term » craven|lang=enm Inter: qualifier » adjective


* Inter: IPA » ˈkreɪvən
  • Inter: rhymes » eɪvən


    Inter: en-ad » j

  • Unwilling to fight; lacking even the rudiments of courage; extremely cowardly.

    Derived terms

    * cry craven


    Inter: trans-top » extremely cowardly
    • Bulgarian: страхлив
    • Finnish: pelkurimainen
    • Irish: Inter: t- » ga|meata
    • Portuguese: covarde

    Inter: trans-mi » d
  • Serbian: Kukavica,plašljivac
  • Spanish: Inter: t+ » es|cobarde
  • Swedish: Inter: t+ » sv|feg, Inter: t+ » sv|mesig

  • Inter: trans-botto » m


    Inter: en-nou » n
  • A confessed coward.


    Inter: trans-top » coward
    • Bulgarian: страхливец
    • Finnish: Inter: t+ » fi|pelkuri
    • German: Inter: t+ » de|Feigling|m

    Inter: trans-mi » d
  • Icelandic: Inter: t+ » is|heigull|m, Inter: t- » is|raggeit|f, Inter: t+ » is|bleyða|f
  • Scottish Gaelic: Inter: t- » gd|gealtaire|m
  • Swedish: Inter: t+ » sv|mes, Inter: t- » sv|feg stackare

  • Inter: trans-botto » m


    Inter: en-ver » b
  • To make craven.
    1. 1609: Category: w - :William Shakespeare|William Shakespeare, Category: s - :The Tragedy of Cymbeline|The Tragedy of Cymbeline, Act III, Scene IV
    2. : There is a prohibition so divine / That cravens my weak hand.


      * Inter: R:Century 191 » 1

  • Inter: R:Webster 191 » 3


    * carven
  • cavern

  • Category: Category:English adjectives ending in -en -

    Middle English

    Etymology 1

    From Inter: etyl » fro|enm Inter: term » cravanté||lang=fro|defeated, past participle of Inter: term » cravanter||lang=fro, from Inter: etyl » la|enm Inter: term » crepo|crepare|lang=la|to crack", "creak


    Inter: head » enm|adjective
  • Defeated.

    Etymology 2

    Inter: etyl » ang|enm Inter: term » crafian, indicating Inter: etyl » gem-pro|enm Inter: recons » krabōnan|lang=gem-pro (compare related Inter: etyl » non|- Inter: term » krefja||to demand > Danish Inter: term » kræve, Norwegian Inter: term » kreve||to demand).


    Inter: head » enm|verb

  • desire; crave
    Derived terms
    * icravet Inter: qualifier » past participle

  • Translation: et » craven
    Translation: ko » craven
    Translation: io » craven
    Translation: kn » craven
    Translation: my » craven
    Translation: pl » craven
    Translation: ru » craven
    Translation: fi » craven
    Translation: sv » craven
    Translation: ta » craven
    Translation: te » craven
    Translation: vi » craven
    Translation: zh » craven