Online Dictionary

craven Explained

craven at CMU American English spelling Of Explained:

['kreıvən]

craven at English => English (English Etymology) Of Explained:

c.1225, perhaps from O.Fr. cravante "defeated," pp. of cravanter, from L. crepare "to crack, creak." Sense affected by crave and moved from "defeated" to "cowardly" (1581) perhaps via intermediary sense of "confess oneself defeated." ///

craven at English => English (Longman) Of Explained:

adj [Date: 1100-1200; Origin: Perhaps from Old French crevant, present participle of crever 'to burst, break']// formal completely lacking courage// cowardly// --He had a craven fear of flying.// -- cravenly adv //

craven at English => English (Moby Thesaurus II) Of Explained:

19 Moby Thesaurus words for "craven":
base, caitiff, chicken, coward, dastard, dastardly, dunghill,
dunghilly, funk, funker, gutless, lily-livered, poltroon,
poltroonish, pusillanimous, quitter, recreant, spunkless,
unmanly

craven at English => English (Oxford Advanced Learners) Of Explained:

adjective
(formal, disapproving) lacking courage
SYN COWARDLY
cravenly adverb

CRAVEN at English => English (Bouviers Law) Of Explained:

on government officials.
caustically adverb:
'You are no help at all,' she said caustically.noun
[U] a chemical used in making p

Craven at English => English (Websters 1913) Of Explained:

Craven \Cra"ven\ (kr?"v'n), a. [OE. cravant, cravaunde, OF.
cravant? struck down, p. p. of cravanter, crevanter, to
break, crush, strike down, fr. an assumed LL. crepantare, fr.
L. crepans, p. pr. of crepare to break, crack, rattle. Cf.
{Crevice}, {Crepitate}.]
Cowardly; fainthearted; spiritless. ``His craven heart.''
--Shak.

The poor craven bridegroom said never a word. --Sir. W.
Scott.

In craven fear of the sarcasm of Dorset. --Macaulay.

Craven \Cra"ven\, n. [Formerly written also cravant and
cravent.]
A recreant; a coward; a weak-hearted, spiritless fellow. See
{Recreant}, n.

King Henry. Is it fit this soldier keep his oath?
Fluellen. He is a craven and a villain else. --Shak.

Syn: Coward; poltroon; dastard.

Craven \Cra"ven\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Cravened} (-v'nd); p. pr.
& vb. n. {Cravening}.]
To make recreant, weak, spiritless, or cowardly. [Obs.]

There is a prohibition so divine, That cravens my weak
hand. --Shak.

craven at English => English (WordNet) Of Explained:

craven
adj : lacking even the rudiments of courage; abjectly fearful;
"the craven fellow turned and ran"; "a craven proposal
to raise the white flag"; "this recreant knight"-
Spenser [syn: {recreant}]
n : an abject coward [syn: {poltroon}, {recreant}]

craven at English (WD) Of Explained:

==English==

Etymology

From Inter: etyl » enm|en Inter: term » craven|lang=enm Inter: qualifier » adjective

Pronunciation

* Inter: IPA » ˈkreɪvən
  • Inter: rhymes » eɪvən

    Adjective

    Inter: en-ad » j

  • Unwilling to fight; lacking even the rudiments of courage; extremely cowardly.

    Derived terms

    * cry craven

    Translations

    Inter: trans-top » extremely cowardly
    • Bulgarian: страхлив
    • Finnish: pelkurimainen
    • Irish: Inter: t- » ga|meata
    • Portuguese: covarde


    Inter: trans-mi » d
  • Serbian: Kukavica,plašljivac
  • Spanish: Inter: t+ » es|cobarde
  • Swedish: Inter: t+ » sv|feg, Inter: t+ » sv|mesig

  • Inter: trans-botto » m

    Noun

    Inter: en-nou » n
  • A confessed coward.

    Translations

    Inter: trans-top » coward
    • Bulgarian: страхливец
    • Finnish: Inter: t+ » fi|pelkuri
    • German: Inter: t+ » de|Feigling|m


    Inter: trans-mi » d
  • Icelandic: Inter: t+ » is|heigull|m, Inter: t- » is|raggeit|f, Inter: t+ » is|bleyða|f
  • Scottish Gaelic: Inter: t- » gd|gealtaire|m
  • Swedish: Inter: t+ » sv|mes, Inter: t- » sv|feg stackare

  • Inter: trans-botto » m

    Verb

    Inter: en-ver » b
  • To make craven.
    1. 1609: Category: w - :William Shakespeare|William Shakespeare, Category: s - :The Tragedy of Cymbeline|The Tragedy of Cymbeline, Act III, Scene IV
    2. : There is a prohibition so divine / That cravens my weak hand.

      References

      * Inter: R:Century 191 » 1

  • Inter: R:Webster 191 » 3

    Anagrams

    * carven
  • cavern

  • Category: Category:English adjectives ending in -en -

    Middle English

    Etymology 1

    From Inter: etyl » fro|enm Inter: term » cravanté||lang=fro|defeated, past participle of Inter: term » cravanter||lang=fro, from Inter: etyl » la|enm Inter: term » crepo|crepare|lang=la|to crack", "creak

    Adjective

    Inter: head » enm|adjective
  • Defeated.

    Etymology 2

    Inter: etyl » ang|enm Inter: term » crafian, indicating Inter: etyl » gem-pro|enm Inter: recons » krabōnan|lang=gem-pro (compare related Inter: etyl » non|- Inter: term » krefja||to demand > Danish Inter: term » kræve, Norwegian Inter: term » kreve||to demand).

    Verb

    Inter: head » enm|verb

  • desire; crave
    Derived terms
    * icravet Inter: qualifier » past participle

  • Translation: et » craven
    Translation: ko » craven
    Translation: io » craven
    Translation: kn » craven
    Translation: my » craven
    Translation: pl » craven
    Translation: ru » craven
    Translation: fi » craven
    Translation: sv » craven
    Translation: ta » craven
    Translation: te » craven
    Translation: vi » craven
    Translation: zh » craven