Online Dictionary

descent Explained

descent at CMU American English spelling Of Explained:

[dı'sent]

descent at English => English (Longman) Of Explained:

n
1 [U and C] formal the process of going down: → ascent// --Passengers must fasten their seat belts prior to descent.// descent from/to// --The descent to Base Camp took about two days.//
2 [U] your family origins, especially your nationality or relationship to someone important who lived a long time ago: of Russian/Italian etc descent // --young men and women of Asian descent// descent from// --The emperor claimed descent from David.// by descent// --They're Irish by descent.//
3 [C] a path or road that goes down a slope: → ascent// descent from/to// --There is no direct descent from the summit.//
4 [singular] a gradual change towards behaviour or a situation that is very bad: descent into alcoholism/chaos/madness etc // --the story of his descent into drug abuse//
5 [singular] BrE a sudden unwanted visit or attack: --the descent on the town by a motorcycle gang//

descent at English => English (The Britannica Concise) Of Explained:

System of acknowledged social parentage whereby a person may claim kinship ties with another. Descent systems vary widely. The practical importance of descent comes from its use as a means for individuals to assert rights, duties, privileges, or status. Descent has special influence when rights to succession, inheritance, or residence follow kinship lines. One method of limiting the recognition of kinship is to emphasize the relationship through one parent only. Such unilineal kinship systems are of two main types--patrilineal systems, in which the relationships through the father are emphasized; and matrilineal systems, in which maternal relationships are stressed. These systems differ radically from cognatic systems, in which everyone has similar obligations to, and expectations from, both paternal and maternal kin. The cognatic system is somewhat vague and tends to characterize the more industrialized countries, in which individual rights and duties are increasingly defined institutionally or legally.

descent at English => English (Moby Thesaurus II) Of Explained:

309 Moby Thesaurus words for "descent":
Brownian movement, Indian file, abasement, advance, affiliation,
altitude peak, angular motion, apparentation, array, articulation,
ascending, ascent, automatic control, axial motion, backflowing,
backing, backset, backward motion, bank, birth, blast-off, blood,
bloodline, branch, breed, brood, burn, burnout, buzz, career,
catena, catenation, ceiling, chain, chain reaction, chaining,
characterize, check, children, climbing, comedown, coming after,
common ancestry, communicate, concatenation, concavity, connection,
consanguinity, consecution, consecutiveness, construe,
continuation, continuity, continuum, course, current, cycle,
de-escalation, debasement, decadence, decadency, declension,
declination, decline, declivity, deflation, deformation,
degeneracy, degenerateness, degeneration, degradation, delineate,
demotion, depict, depravation, depravedness, depreciation,
depression, derivation, derogation, descendants, descending,
describe, deterioration, detrusion, devolution, diminution, dip,
direct line, discomfiture, disgrace, distaff side, distinguish,
down, downgate, downgrade, downhill, downtrend, downturn,
downward mobility, downward motion, downward trend, drift,
driftage, drone, drop, ducking, dump, dying, ebb, ebbing,
effeteness, elucidate, embarrassment, end of burning, endless belt,
endless round, exemplify, explain, explicate, expound, extension,
extraction, fading, failing, failure, failure of nerve, fall,
falling-off, family, female line, file, filiation, flight, flow,
flux, following, forward motion, fruit, gamut, gradation, grade,
gradient, grandchildren, great-grandchildren, hang, hangdog look,
hanging, hauling down, heirs, hollowness, hostages to fortune,
house, hum, humbled pride, humiliation, ignition, illustrate,
image, impact, impart, incline, inheritors, interpret, involution,
issue, kids, lapse, launch, letdown, lift-off, limn, line,
line of descent, lineage, little ones, logical sequence,
loss of tone, lowering, male line, monotone, mortification,
mounting, narrate, new generation, nexus, oblique motion,
offspring, ongoing, onrush, order, order of succession, origin,
passage, pedigree, pendulum, periodicity, phylum, picture, plenum,
plummeting, plunging, portray, posteriority, posterity,
postposition, powder train, procession, progeny, progress,
progression, prolongation, put-down, queue, race, radial motion,
random motion, range, rank, recite, recount, recurrence, reduction,
reflowing, refluence, reflux, regression, rehearse, render, report,
reticulation, retrocession, retrogradation, retrogression,
reversal, reverse, reverse of fortune, rise, rising,
rising generation, rocket launching, rotation, round, routine, row,
run, rush, scale, seed, self-abasement, self-abnegation,
self-diminishment, sept, sequence, series, set, setback, setdown,
severe check, shame, shamefacedness, shamefastness, shoot, shot,
side, sideward motion, single file, sinking, slippage, slope,
slump, soaring, sons, spear side, spectrum, spindle side, state,
stem, sternway, stirps, stock, strain, stream, string, subjunction,
submergence, subsiding, succession, successiveness, suffixation,
swath, sword side, thread, throwback, thrusting under, tier, train,
traject, trajectory, trajet, transmit, treasures, trend,
upward motion, velocity peak, wane, windrow, younglings,
youngsters

descent at English => English (English Thesaurus) Of Explained:

[N] (Decrease): decrease, diminution, lessening, subtraction, reduction, abatement, shrinking, contraction, abridgment, abbreviation, shortening, extenuation, subsidence, wane, ebb, decline, ebbing, descent, decrement, depreciation, deterioration, anticlimax, mitigation, moderation.

[N] (Continuity): {Line of people}: procession, column, retinue, cortege, rank and file, line of battle, array, pedigree, genealogy, lineage, race, ancestry, descent, family, house, line, line of ancestors.

[N] (Cause): cause, origin, source, principle, element, prime mover, author, producer, creator, agent, foundation, support, spring, fountain, well, font, fountainhead, genesis, descent.

[N] (Descent): descent, decline, fall, falling, slump, drop, plunge, plummet, collapse, lapse, downfall, tumble, slip, debacle, landslip, landslide, declivity.

descent at English => English (Oxford Advanced Learners) Of Explained:

noun
1 [C, usually sing.] an action of coming or going down:
The plane began its descent to Heathrow. * (figurative) the country's swift descent into anarchy
OPP ASCENT
2 [C] a slope going downwards:
There is a gradual descent to the sea.
OPP ASCENT
3 [U] (from sb) a person's family origins
SYN ANCESTRY:
to be of Scottish descent * He traces his line of descent from the Stuart kings.

Descent at English => English (Websters 1913) Of Explained:

Descent \De*scent"\, n. [F. descente, fr. descendre; like vente,
from vendre. See {Descend}.]
1. The act of descending, or passing downward; change of
place from higher to lower.

2. Incursion; sudden attack; especially, hostile invasion
from sea; -- often followed by upon or on; as, to make a
descent upon the enemy.

The United Provinces . . . ordered public prayer to
God, when they feared that the French and English
fleets would make a descent upon their coasts.
--Jortin.

3. Progress downward, as in station, virtue, as in station,
virtue, and the like, from a higher to a lower state, from
a higher to a lower state, from the more to the less
important, from the better to the worse, etc.

2. Derivation, as from an ancestor; procedure by generation;
lineage; birth; extraction. --Dryden.

5. (Law) Transmission of an estate by inheritance, usually,
but not necessarily, in the descending line; title to
inherit an estate by reason of consanguinity. --Abbott.

6. Inclination downward; a descending way; inclined or
sloping surface; declivity; slope; as, a steep descent.

7. That which is descended; descendants; issue.

If care of our descent perplex us most, Which must
be born to certain woe. --Milton.

8. A step or remove downward in any scale of gradation; a
degree in the scale of genealogy; a generation.

No man living is a thousand descents removed from
Adam himself. --Hooker.

9. Lowest place; extreme downward place. [R.]

And from the extremest upward of thy head, To the
descent and dust below thy foot. --Shak.

10. (Mus.) A passing from a higher to a lower tone.

Syn: Declivity; slope; degradation; extraction; lineage;
assault; invasion; attack.

descent at English => English (WordNet) Of Explained:

descent
n 1: a movement downward
2: properties attributable to your ancestry; "he comes from
good origins" [syn: {origin}, {extraction}]
3: the act of changing your location in a downward direction
4: the kinship relation between an individual and the
individual's progenitors [syn: {line of descent}, {lineage},
{filiation}]
5: a downward slope or bend [syn: {declivity}, {fall}, {decline},
{declination}, {declension}, {downslope}] [ant: {ascent}]
6: the descendants of one individual; "his entire lineage has
been warriors" [syn: {lineage}, {line}, {line of descent},
{bloodline}, {blood line}, {blood}, {pedigree}, {ancestry},
{origin}, {parentage}, {stemma}, {stock}]

descent at English (WD) Of Explained:

Inter: wikipedia » dab=descent

English

Etymology

From Inter: etyl » enm and Inter: etyl » xno Inter: term » descente, from Inter: etyl » xno Inter: term » descendre||to descend; see descend. Compare ascent, ascend.

Pronunciation

* Inter: a » UK Inter: IPA » /dɪˈsɛnt/
  • Inter: audio » en-us-descent.ogg|Audio (US)
  • Homophones: dissent

    Noun

    Inter: en-nou » n

  • An instance of descending
    1. : We climbed the mountain with difficulty, but the descent was easier.
    2. 2012, July 15. Richard Williams in Guardian Unlimited, Tour de France 2012: Carpet tacks cannot force Bradley Wiggins off track
    3. : The next one surrendered his bike, only for that, too, to give him a second flat as he started the descent.
    4. A way down.
    5. : We had difficulty in finding the correct descent.
    6. A sloping passage or incline.
    7. : The descent into the cavern was wet and slippery.
    8. Lineage or hereditary derivation
    9. : Our guide was of Welsh descent.
    10. A drop to a lower status or condition.
    11. : After that, the holiday went into a steep descent.

      Usage notes

      * Sometimes confused with Inter: term » decent.

      Related terms

      * descend

      Antonyms

      * Inter: sense » going down ascent

      Translations

      Inter: trans-top » instance of descending

  • Bulgarian: Inter: t- » bg|слизане|n, Inter: t+ » bg|спускане|n
  • Czech: Inter: t- » cs|sestup|m
  • Dutch: Inter: t- » nl|afdaling|f
  • Polish: Inter: t+ » pl|zejście|n
  • Portuguese: Inter: t+ » pt|descida|f

  • Inter: trans-mi » d
    • Russian: Inter: t+ » ru|спуск|m, Inter: t+ » ru|схождение|n
    • Scottish Gaelic: Inter: t- » gd|teàrnadh|m
    • Serbo-Croatian: Inter: t- » sh|silaz|m|alt=sílaz, Inter: t- » sh|silazak|m|alt=sìlazak, Inter: t- » sh|spust|m|alt=spȕst
    • Spanish: Inter: t- » es|descenso|m


    Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-top » way down
    • Bulgarian: Inter: t- » bg|слизане|n
    • Czech: Inter: t- » cs|sestup|m
    • Dutch: Inter: t- » nl|afdaling|f
    • Polish: Inter: t+ » pl|zejście|n, droga w dół


    Inter: trans-mi » d
  • Portuguese: Inter: t+ » pt|declive
  • Russian: спуск {{m}}
  • Scottish Gaelic: Inter: t- » gd|teàrnadh|m
  • Serbo-Croatian: Inter: t- » sh|silazak|m|alt=sìlazak, Inter: t- » sh|spust|m|alt=spȕst
  • Spanish: Inter: t- » es|bajada|f

  • Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-top » sloping passage or incline
    • Bulgarian: Inter: t+ » bg|нанадолнище|n
    • Czech: Inter: t- » cs|spád|m
    • Dutch: Inter: t- » nl|afdaling|f, Inter: t+ » nl|helling
    • Polish: Inter: t+ » pl|zejście|n, droga w dół


    Inter: trans-mi » d
  • Scottish Gaelic: Inter: t- » gd|teàrnadh|m
  • Serbo-Croatian: Inter: t- » sh|padina|f|alt=pàdina, Inter: t- » sh|obronak|m|alt=òbronak, Inter: t- » sh|nagib|m|alt=nágib
  • Spanish: Inter: t- » es|bajada|f

  • Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-top » lineage or hereditary derivation
    • Arabic: Inter: Arab » اصل (aṣl)
    • Bulgarian: Inter: t+ » bg|произход|m
    • Czech: Inter: t+ » cs|původ|m
    • Dutch: Inter: t+ » nl|afkomst, Inter: t+ » nl|herkomst
    • Finnish: Inter: t+ » fi|syntyperä
    • French: Inter: t+ » fr|origine|f, Inter: t+ » fr|descendance|f
    • German: Inter: t+ » de|Herkunft|f
    • Italian: Inter: t- » it|ascendenza|f


    Inter: trans-mi » d
  • Polish: Inter: t+ » pl|pochodzenie|n
  • Portuguese: ascendência {{f}}; origem {{f}}, Inter: t+ » pt|descendência|f
  • Russian: Inter: t+ » ru|происхождение|n
  • Scottish Gaelic: Inter: t- » gd|sinnsearachd|f
  • Serbo-Croatian: Inter: t- » sh|porijeklo|n|alt=porijéklo, Inter: t- » sh|podrijetlo|n|alt=podrijétlo, Inter: t- » sh|rod|m|alt=rȏd
  • Spanish: Inter: t- » es|ascendencia|f, Inter: t+ » es|origen|m

  • Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-top » drop to a lower status or condition
    • Bulgarian: Inter: t+ » bg|понижение|n
    • Czech: Inter: t+ » cs|pád|m
    • Portuguese: Inter: t+ » pt|decadência
    • Russian: Inter: t+ » ru|понижение|n


    Inter: trans-mi » d
  • Serbo-Croatian: Inter: t- » sh|pad|m|alt=pȃd
  • Spanish: Inter: t- » es|descenso|m

  • Inter: trans-botto » m

    External links

    * Inter: R:Webster 191 » 3
    • Inter: R:Century 191 » 1

      Anagrams

      * scented


    Category: Category:en:Family -
    Translation: et » descent
    Translation: es » descent
    Translation: fr » descent
    Translation: ko » descent
    Translation: io » descent
    Translation: kn » descent
    Translation: ku » descent
    Translation: li » descent
    Translation: hu » descent
    Translation: mg » descent
    Translation: ml » descent
    Translation: my » descent
    Translation: pl » descent
    Translation: fi » descent
    Translation: sv » descent
    Translation: ta » descent
    Translation: te » descent
    Translation: tr » descent
    Translation: vi » descent
    Translation: zh » descent