Online Dictionary

dialysis Explained

dialysis at CMU American English spelling Of Explained:

[daı'æləsəs]

dialysis at English irregular forms Of Explained:

(pl) dialyses

dialysis at English => English (English Etymology) Of Explained:

1586, from Gk. dialysis "dissolution, separation," from dialyein "dissolve, separate," from dia- "apart" + lyein "loosen." Used originally in logic and grammar; chemistry sense is first recorded 1861, medicine 1914. ///

dialysis at English => English (Longman) Of Explained:

n [U] [Date: 1800-1900; Language: Modern Latin; Origin: Greek, 'separation', from lyein 'to loosen']// the process of taking harmful substances out of someone's blood using a special machine, because their kidneys do not work properly// --a dialysis machine // on dialysis// --He has been on dialysis for the past three years.//

dialysis at English => English (The Britannica Concise) Of Explained:

In chemistry, separation of suspended colloidal (see colloid) particles from dissolved ions or small molecules via their unequal rates of diffusion through pores of semipermeable membranes (e.g., parchment, collodion, cellophane). A slow process, dialysis may be accelerated by heating or by applying an electric field if the particles are charged.

Process of removing blood from a patient with kidney failure, purifying it with a hemodialyzer (artificial kidney), and returning it to the bloodstream. Many substances (incl. urea and inorganic salts) in the blood pass through a porous membrane in the machine into a sterile solution; particles such as blood cells and proteins are too large to pass. This process controls the acid-base balance of the blood and its content of water and dissolved materials.

In chemistry, separation of suspended colloidal (see colloid) particles from dissolved ions or small molecules via their unequal rates of diffusion through pores of semipermeable membranes (e.g., parchment, collodion, cellophane). A slow process, dialysis may be accelerated by heating or by applying an electric field if the particles are charged.

Process of removing blood from a patient with kidney failure, purifying it with a hemodialyzer (artificial kidney), and returning it to the bloodstream. Many substances (incl. urea and inorganic salts) in the blood pass through a porous membrane in the machine into a sterile solution; particles such as blood cells and proteins are too large to pass. This process controls the acid-base balance of the blood and its content of water and dissolved materials.

dialysis at English => English (Oxford Advanced Learners) Of Explained:

noun
[U] (technical) a process for separating substances from a liquid, especially for taking waste substances out of the blood of people with damaged KIDNEYS:
kidney / renal dialysis * a dialysis machine

Dialysis at English => English (Websters 1913) Of Explained:

Dialysis \Di*al"y*sis\, n.; pl. {Dialyses}. [L., separation, fr.
Gr. ?, fr. ? to part asunder, dissolve; dia` through + ? to
loose.]
1. (Gram.) Di[ae]resis. See {Di[ae]resis}, 1.

2. (Rhet.) Same as {Asyndeton}.

3. (Med.)
(a) Debility.
(b) A solution of continuity; division; separation of
parts.

4. (Chem.) The separation of different substances in
solution, as crystalloids and colloids, by means of their
unequal diffusion, especially through natural or
artificial membranes.

dialysis at English => English (WordNet) Of Explained:

dialysis
n : separation of substances in solution by means of their
unequal diffusion through semipermeable membranes
[also: {dialyses} (pl)]

dialysis at English (WD) Of Explained:

==English==
Inter: wikipedia » dialysis (biochemistry)

Etymology

Dated in the late 16th Century Inter: C.E » .; from Inter: etyl » grc|en Inter: term » sc=polytonic|διά||tr=diá|inter” “through|lang=grc and Inter: term » sc=polytonic|λύειν||tr=lýein|{{l|en|loosen|lang=grc}}.

Pronunciation

* Inter: a » UK Inter: IPA » /daɪˈælɪsɪs/

Noun

Inter: en-noun » dialyses
  • Inter: chemistr » y a method of separating molecules or particles of different sizes by differential diffusion through a semipermeable membrane
    1. Inter: medicin » e haemodialysis
    2. Inter: rhetori » c The spelling out of alternatives, or presenting of either-or arguments that lead to a conclusion.
    3. Inter: rhetori » c Asyndeton.

      Derived terms

      * dialytic

  • dialytically
  • dialyze

    Translations

    Inter: trans-top » chemical method
  • Bulgarian: Inter: t- » bg|диализа|f
  • Chinese:
  • : Mandarin: Inter: t » cmn|透析|tr=tòuxī|sc=Hani
  • Finnish: Inter: t+ » fi|dialyysi
  • French: Inter: t+ » fr|dialyse|f

  • Inter: trans-mi » d
    • German: Inter: t+ » de|Dialyse|f
    • Italian: Inter: t+ » it|dialisi|f
    • Japanese: Inter: t- » ja|透析|tr=とうせき, tōseki|sc=Jpan
    • Russian: Inter: t+ » ru|диализ|m|tr=diáliz|sc=Cyrl


    Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-see » haemodialysis

    References

    * Inter: R:Online Etymology Dictionar » y
    • Inter: R:Silva Rhetorica » e


    Translation: ar » dialysis
    Translation: et » dialysis
    Translation: fr » dialysis
    Translation: io » dialysis
    Translation: id » dialysis
    Translation: hu » dialysis
    Translation: mg » dialysis
    Translation: my » dialysis
    Translation: pl » dialysis
    Translation: fi » dialysis
    Translation: sv » dialysis
    Translation: ta » dialysis
    Translation: vi » dialysis
    Translation: zh » dialysis