Online Dictionary

duodenum Explained

duodenum at English irregular forms Of Explained:

(pl) duona
(pl) duonas

duodenum at English => English (English Etymology) Of Explained:

14c., from M.L. duodenum digitorium "space of twelve digits," from L. duodeni "twelve each." Coined by Gerard of Cremona (d.1187), who translated "Canon Avicennae," a loan-transl. of Gk. dodekadaktylon, lit. "twelve fingers long," the intestine part so called by Gk. physician Herophilus (c.353-280 B.C.E.) for its length, about equal to the breadth of twelve fingers. ///

duodenum at English => English (Longman) Of Explained:

n [C] [Date: 1300-1400; Language: Medieval Latin; Origin: Latin duodeni 'twelve each' (because it is twelve finger-widths long)]// the top part of your bowel, below your stomach// -- duodenal/dju[hA359][hA353]di[hA359]nl[hA36B] $ du[hA359][hA353]di[hA359]nl[hA36B], du[hA35A][hA359]dn-[hA353]l/ adj // --a duodenal ulcer//

duodenum at English => English (The Britannica Concise) Of Explained:

First and shortest (9-11 in., or 23-28 cm) segment of the small intestine. It curves down and then up from the pylorus of the stomach, where chyme enters it. Ducts from the pancreas and gallbladder bring in bicarbonate to neutralize stomach acid, pancreatic enzymes to further digestion, and bile salts to break up fats. Nutrient absorption begins in the lower duodenum, which has a mucous lining. Exposure to stomach acid makes the upper duodenum susceptible to peptic ulcers, the duodenum's most common problem. Compression of the lower duodenum between the liver, pancreas, and major blood vessels can require surgery.

duodenum at English => English (Moby Thesaurus II) Of Explained:

43 Moby Thesaurus words for "duodenum":
abdomen, anus, appendix, blind gut, bowels, brain, cecum, colon,
endocardium, entrails, foregut, giblets, gizzard, guts, heart,
hindgut, innards, inner mechanism, insides, internals, intestine,
inwards, jejunum, kidney, kishkes, large intestine, liver,
liver and lights, lung, midgut, perineum, pump, pylorus, rectum,
small intestine, spleen, stomach, ticker, tripes,
vermiform appendix, viscera, vitals, works

duodenum at English => English (Oxford Advanced Learners) Of Explained:

noun
(plural duodenums or duodena ) (anatomy) the first part of the small INTESTINE, next to the stomach
duodenal adjective:
a duodenal ulcer

duodenum at English => English (Oxford Advanced Learners) Of Explained:

noun
(plural duodenums or duodena ) (anatomy) the first part of the small INTESTINE, next to the stomach
duodenal adjective:
a duodenal ulcer

Duodenum at English => English (Websters 1913) Of Explained:

Duodenum \Du`o*de"num\, n. [NL., fr. duodeni twelve each: cf. F.
duodenum. So called because its length is about twelve
fingers' breadth.] (Anat.)
The part of the small intestines between the stomach and the
jejunum. See Illust. of Digestive apparatus, under
{Digestive}.

duodenum at English => English (WordNet) Of Explained:

duodenum
n : the part of the small intestine between the stomach and the
jejunum
[also: {duonas} (pl), {duona} (pl)]

duodenum at English (WD) Of Explained:

Inter: also » Duodenum

English

Category: Image - :Tractus intestinalis duodenum.svg|thumb|A schematic of the gastrointestinal tract, with the duodenum shown in orange-pink.

Etymology

From Inter: etyl » ML. (from the phrase Inter: term » |duodēnum digitōrum|space of twelve digits, in reference to its length), from Inter: term » duodeni|duodēnī|twelve each|lang=la + Inter: term » digitorum|digitōrum|lang=la, genitive plural of Inter: term » digitus||finger, toe, digit|lang=la.

Pronunciation

* Inter: a » UK Inter: IPA » /djuːə(ʊ)ˈdiːnəm/
  • Inter: audio » en-us-duodenum.ogg|Audio (US), Inter: audio » En-us-ncalif-duodenum.ogg|Audio (Northern California, US)

    Noun

    Inter: en-noun » duodena|pl2=duodenums

  • The first part of the small intestine, starting at the lower end of the stomach and extending to the jejunum.

    Derived terms

    * duodenal
    • duodenitis

      Synonyms

      * dodecadactylum, maw-gut Inter: qualifier » both obsolete

      Translations

      Inter: trans-top » first part of the small intestine
    • Arabic: Inter: t- » ar|اثنا عشري|p|tr=ithnā `ashariy
    • Basque: Inter: t+ » eu|duodeno
    • Bengali: Inter: t- » bn|ডুওডেনাম|sc=Beng
    • Bulgarian: Inter: t- » bg|дванадесетопръстник|m
    • Chinese:
    • : Mandarin: Inter: t- » cmn|十二指腸|sc=Hani, Inter: t » cmn|十二指肠|tr=shí'èrzhǐcháng|sc=Hani
    • Czech: Inter: t- » cs|dvanáctník|m
    • Danish: tolvfingertarm {{c}}
    • Dutch: twaalfvingerige darm {{m}}, duodenum {{n}}
    • Finnish: Inter: t+ » fi|pohjukaissuoli
    • French: Inter: t+ » fr|duodénum|m


    Inter: trans-mi » d
  • German: Inter: t+ » de|Duodenum|n, Inter: t+ » de|Zwölffingerdarm|m
  • Greek: Inter: t+ » el|δωδεκαδάκτυλο|n|tr=dodekadáktylo
  • Japanese: Inter: t+ » ja|十二指腸|tr=じゅうにしちょう, jūnishichō
  • Korean: 십이지장 (十二指腸,sibijijang)
  • Macedonian: Inter: t- » mk|дванаесетпалечно црево|n|tr=dvanaesetpálečno crévo
  • Polish: Inter: t+ » pl|dwunastnica|f
  • Russian: Inter: t- » ru|двенадцатиперстная кишка|f|tr=dvenadcatipérstnaja kišká
  • Spanish: Inter: t+ » es|duodeno|m
  • Swedish: Inter: t- » sv|tolvfingertarm|c
  • Turkish: Inter: t- » tr|oniki-parmak bağırsağı
  • Volapük: Inter: t- » vo|duoden

  • Inter: trans-botto » m

    External Links

    * Inter: pedialit » e
    Category: Category:en:Anatomy -
    Translation: ar » duodenum
    Translation: cs » duodenum
    Translation: de » duodenum
    Translation: et » duodenum
    Translation: fr » duodenum
    Translation: ko » duodenum
    Translation: io » duodenum
    Translation: id » duodenum
    Translation: kn » duodenum
    Translation: hu » duodenum
    Translation: ml » duodenum
    Translation: nl » duodenum
    Translation: pl » duodenum
    Translation: ta » duodenum
    Translation: vi » duodenum
    Translation: zh » duodenum

    Duodenum at English (WD) Of Explained:

    Inter: also » duodenum

    German

    Etymology

    From Inter: etyl » la|de duodenum, from duodeni 'twelve each', from duodecim 'twelve (from duo 'two' + decem 'ten')

    Noun

    Inter: head » de|noun|pl=Duodena|g=n
  • Inter: anatomy » lang=de The duodenum, first part of the small intestine

  • Translation: de » Duodenum
    Translation: fr » Duodenum
    Translation: ko » Duodenum
    Translation: io » Duodenum
    Translation: zh » Duodenum

    duodénum at English (WD) Of Explained:

    Inter: also » duodenum

    French

    Noun

    Inter: fr-noun » m|sort=duodenum
  • duodenum

    Related terms

    * duodénal

  • Translation: el » duodénum
    Translation: fr » duodénum
    Translation: ko » duodénum
    Translation: io » duodénum
    Translation: mg » duodénum
    Translation: pl » duodénum
    Translation: vi » duodénum