Online Dictionary

ergativity Explained

ergativity at English => English (The Britannica Concise) Of Explained:

Tendency of a language to pair the subject, or agent, of an intransitive verb with the object, or patient, of a transitive verb. This contrasts with the situation in nominative-accusative languages such as Latin or English, in which the subjects of both transitive and intransitive verbs are paired grammatically, and distinguished from the object of a transitive verb. Languages or language families that display ergativity to varying degrees include Sumerian, Caucasian languages, Eskimo-Aleut, Mayan, Australian Aboriginal languages, and many Amer. Indian languages.

ergativity at English (WD) Of Explained:

==English==
Inter: wikipedi » a

Etymology

From Inter: suffix » ergative|ity.

Pronunciation

* Inter: a » UK Inter: IPA » /ɜː(ɹ)ˈɡə.tɪv.ɪ.ti/, Inter: X-SAMPA » /3:(r)"g@.tIv.I.ti/

Noun

Inter: en-noun » -
  • Inter: linguistic » s A structuring property of the grammar of certain languages consisting in the differential treatment given to A (the subject of transitive verbs), in contrast to O (the object of transitive verbs) and S (the subject of intransitive verbs), which are treated similarly. This differential treatment may take the form of a special case marker (e.g., an affix or a particle) used with A but not with O or S, or of a specific agreement pattern (e.g., the verb may agree in person and number with A, but not with O and S).

    Translations

    Inter: trans-top » linguistic: structuring property of grammar
    • Dutch: Inter: t- » nl|ergativiteit|f
    • Finnish: Inter: t- » fi|ergatiivisuus


    Inter: trans-mi » d
  • German: Inter: t+ » de|Ergativität|f

  • Inter: trans-botto » m