Online Dictionary

ergot Explained

ergot at CMU American English spelling Of Explained:

['ə:gət]

ergot at English => English (English Etymology) Of Explained:

"disease of rye and other grasses," 1683, from O.Fr. argot "cock's spur," of unknown origin. The blight so called from the shape the fungus forms on the diseased grain. Ergotism "disease caused by eating ergot-infected breadstuffs," first recorded 1853. An alkaloid from the fungus, ergotamine (1921) is used to treat migraines. ///

ergot at French => English Of Explained:

ergot

ergot at English => English (The Britannica Concise) Of Explained:

Disease of cereal grasses, especially rye, caused by the fungus Claviceps purpurea. An ear of rye infected with ergot exudes a sweet, yellowish mucus. Ergot is the source of drugs used to control postpartum hemorrhage and to treat migraine headaches. Lysergic acid, from which the powerful hallucinogen LSD is synthesized, comes from ergot. Taking an overdose of ergot-derived medications or eating flour milled from ergot-infected rye can cause ergotism (also called St. Anthony's Fire) in humans and livestock; symptoms may include convulsions, miscarriages in females, and dry gangrene, and may result in death.

Ergot at English => English (Websters 1913) Of Explained:

Ergot \Er"got\, n. [F. ergot, argot, lit., a spur.]
1. A diseased condition of rye and other cereals, in which
the grains become black, and often spur-shaped. It is
caused by a parasitic fungus, {Claviceps purpurea}.

2. The mycelium or spawn of this fungus infecting grains of
rye and wheat. It is a powerful remedial agent, and also a
dangerous poison, and is used as a means of hastening
childbirth, and to arrest bleeding.

3. (Far.) A stub, like soft horn, about the size of a
chestnut, situated behind and below the pastern joint.

4. (Anat.) See 2d {Calcar}, 3
(b) .

ergot at English => English (Websters 1913) Of Explained:



2. (Zo["o]l.) A genus of lophobranch fishes of several
species in which the head and neck have some resemblance
to those of a horse; -- called also {sea horse}.

Note: They swim slowly, in an erect position, and often cling
to seaweeds by means of the incurved prehensile tail.
The male has a ventral pouch, in which it carries the
eggs till hatched.

3. (Zo["o]l.) A name applied to either of two ridges of white
matter in each lateral ventricle of the brain. The larger
is called hippocampus major or simply hippocampus. The
smaller, hippocampus minor, is called also {ergot} and
{calcar}.

ergot at English => English (WordNet) Of Explained:

ergot
n 1: a plant disease caused by the ergot fungus
2: a fungus that infects various cereal plants forming compact
black masses of branching filaments that replace many
grains of the plant; source of medicinally important
alkaloids and of lysergic acid [syn: {Claviceps purpurea}]

ergot at English (WD) Of Explained:

==English==
Inter: wikipedi » a

Etymology

Inter: etyl » fr Inter: term » ergot|lang=fr, from Inter: etyl » fro Inter: term » argot||spur|lang=fro.

Pronunciation

* Inter: IPA » /ˈɜːɡət/

Noun

Inter: en-nou » n
  • Any fungus in the genus Inter: taxlink » Claviceps|genus which are parasitic on grasses.
    1. The sclerotium (wintering stage) of certain fungi in the genus Claviceps, appearing as a deformed grain in certain cereals and grasses infected by the fungi.

      Derived terms

      * ergotamine

  • ergotic
  • ergotism

    Translations

    Inter: trans-top » any fungus of the genus Claviceps

  • Inter: trans-mi » d
    • Russian: Inter: t+ » ru|спорынья|f|tr=sporyn'já|sc=Cyrl|alt=спорынья́


    Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: trans-top » deformed grain
    • Finnish: Inter: t+ » fi|torajyvä, Inter: t- » fi|härkäjyvä


    Inter: trans-mi » d
    Inter: trans-botto » m

    See also

    * sclerotium

    References

    * Inter: R:Webster 191 » 3
    Category: Category:en:Fungi -
    Translation: et » ergot
    Translation: es » ergot
    Translation: fr » ergot
    Translation: io » ergot
    Translation: id » ergot
    Translation: hu » ergot
    Translation: mg » ergot
    Translation: pl » ergot
    Translation: ru » ergot
    Translation: ta » ergot
    Translation: vi » ergot
    Translation: zh » ergot