Online Dictionary

espionage Explained

espionage at CMU American English spelling Of Explained:

['espıənɔdʒ]

espionage at English => English (English Etymology) Of Explained:

1793, from Fr. espionnage, from M.Fr. espionner "to spy," from O.Fr. espion "spy," probably from a Gmc. source akin to O.H.G. spehon "spy." ///

espionage at English => English (Longman) Of Explained:

n [U] [Date: 1700-1800; Language: French; Origin: espionnage, from espion 'spy']// the activity of secretly finding out secret information and giving it to a country's enemies or a company's competitors// spying// spy// --a campaign of industrial espionage against his main rival// counter-espionage//

espionage at English => English (The Britannica Concise) Of Explained:

Process of obtaining military, political, commercial, or other secret information by means of spies, secret agents, or illegal monitoring devices. It is sometimes distinguished from the broader category of intelligence gathering by its aggressive nature and its illegality. Counterespionage efforts are directed at detecting and thwarting espionage by others.

espionage at English => English (Moby Thesaurus II) Of Explained:

34 Moby Thesaurus words for "espionage":
bugging, cloak-and-dagger work, counterespionage,
counterintelligence, electronic surveillance, espial, following,
intelligence, intelligence work, looking, lookout,
military intelligence, note, notice, observance, observation,
reconnaissance, regard, respect, secret police, secret service,
shadowing, sleuthing, spying, stakeout, surveillance, tailing,
trailing, viewing, watch, watching, wiretap, wiretapping,
witnessing

espionage at English => English (English Thesaurus) Of Explained:

[N] (Vision): {looking}: looking, contemplation, regard, survey, introspection, reconnaissance, speculation, watch, espionage, sight-seeing.

espionage at English => English (Oxford Advanced Learners) Of Explained:

noun
[U] the activity of secretly getting important political or military information about another country or of finding out another company's secrets by using SPIES:
Some of the commercial activities were a cover for espionage. * She may call it research; I call it industrial espionage.
see also COUNTER-ESPIONAGE

espionage at English => English (Oxford Advanced Learners) Of Explained:

noun
[U] the activity of secretly getting important political or military information about another country or of finding out another company's secrets by using SPIES:
Some of the commercial activities were a cover for espionage. * She may call it research; I call it industrial espionage.
see also COUNTER-ESPIONAGE

Espionage at English => English (Websters 1913) Of Explained:

Espionage \Es"pi*o*nage\ (?; 277), n. [F. espionnage, fr.
espionner to spy, fr. espion spy, OF. espie. See {Espy}.]
The practice or employment of spies; the practice of watching
the words and conduct of others, to make discoveries, as
spies or secret emissaries; secret watching.

espionage at English => English (WordNet) Of Explained:

espionage
n : the systematic use of spies to get military or political
secrets

espionage at English (WD) Of Explained:

==English==

Etymology

Recorded since 1793, from Inter: etyl » fr|en Inter: term » espionnage||lang=fr, from Inter: etyl » frm|en Inter: term » espionner||lang=frm|to spy, from Inter: etyl » fro|en Inter: term » espion||lang=fro|spy, itself probably from a Inter: etyl » gem|en source (akin to Inter: etyl » goh|- spehon "spy"), possibly via Inter: etyl » it|en Inter: term » spione||lang=it (from Inter: term » spia||lang=it). More at spy

Pronunciation

Inter: wikipedi » a
  • Inter: IPA » /ˈɛs.pi.ə.nɑːʒ/, Inter: X-SAMPA » /"Es.pI.@.nA:Z/

  • 'ĕs-pē-ŭ-näzh also Canadian -năzh; -nizh

    Noun

    Inter: en-noun » s|-
  • The act or process of learning secret information through clandestine means.

    Synonyms

    * spying

    Derived terms

    * counterespionage
    • industrial espionage

      Coordinate terms

      * reconnaissance
    • undercover

      Translations

      Inter: trans-top » act of learning secret information through clandestine means
    • Arabic: Inter: t- » ar|تجسس|m|tr=tajássus, Inter: t- » ar|جاسوسية|f|tr=jasusíyya
    • Bulgarian: Inter: t+ » bg|шпионаж|m|sc=Cyrl
    • Catalan: Inter: t- » ca|espionatge|m
    • Chinese:
    • : Mandarin: Inter: t- » cmn|間諜活動|sc=Hani, Inter: t- » cmn|间谍活动|tr=jiàndié huódòng|sc=Hani
    • Czech: Inter: t- » cs|špionáž|f
    • Danish: Inter: t- » da|spionage|c
    • Dutch: Inter: t+ » nl|spionage
    • Esperanto: Inter: t- » eo|spionado
    • Finnish: Inter: t- » fi|vakoilu
    • French: Inter: t+ » fr|espionnage|m
    • Georgian: Inter: t- » ka|შპიონაჟი|sc=Geor, Inter: t- » ka|აგენტურა|sc=Geor
    • German: Inter: t- » de|Spionage|f
    • Greek: Inter: t+ » el|κατασκοπεία|f|tr=kataskopeía


    Inter: trans-mi » d
  • Hebrew: Inter: t- » he|ריגול|tr=rigol
  • Hindi: Inter: t- » hi|जासूसी|tr=jāsūsī
  • Hungarian: Inter: t+ » hu|kémkedés
  • Italian: Inter: t- » it|spionaggio|m
  • Japanese: Inter: t- » ja|スパイ行為|tr=supai-kōi
  • Norwegian: spionasje {{m}}
  • Persian: Inter: t+ » fa|جاسوسی|tr=jâsusi
  • Polish: Inter: t- » pl|szpiegostwo|n, Inter: t+ » pl|wywiad|m
  • Russian: Inter: t+ » ru|шпионаж|m|tr=špionáž
  • Serbo-Croatian: Inter: t- » sh|špijunaža|f|alt=špijunáža
  • Spanish: Inter: t+ » es|espionaje|m
  • Thai: Inter: t- » th|จารกรรม|tr=jaa-rá-gam
  • Urdu: Inter: t- » ur|جاسوسی|tr=jāsūsī

  • Inter: trans-botto » m
    Inter: checktrans-to » p
    • Inter: ttbc » ja:
    • : kanji: 諜報活動
    • : hiragana: ちょうほうかつどう
    • : romaji: chōhō katsudō


    Inter: trans-mi » d
  • Inter: ttbc » ko:
  • : hangul: 간첩, 간첩행위
  • : romaja: gancheob, gancheophaengwi
  • Inter: ttbc » la: speculatio
  • Inter: ttbc » pt: espionagem
  • Inter: ttbc » tr: casusluk

  • Inter: trans-botto » m
    Category: Category:en:Espionage -
    Translation: et » espionage
    Translation: el » espionage
    Translation: fr » espionage
    Translation: ko » espionage
    Translation: io » espionage
    Translation: it » espionage
    Translation: kn » espionage
    Translation: kk » espionage
    Translation: hu » espionage
    Translation: mg » espionage
    Translation: ps » espionage
    Translation: pl » espionage
    Translation: ru » espionage
    Translation: fi » espionage
    Translation: ta » espionage
    Translation: te » espionage
    Translation: tr » espionage
    Translation: vi » espionage
    Translation: zh » espionage